Münster University chemists create new types of Lewis acids

Synthesis for the first time on the basis of phosphorus / Publication in "Nature Chemistry"
Structure and crystalline state of the new type of Lewis superacid<address>© Dielmann group</address>
© Dielmann group

Chemists at Münster University have succeeded for the first time in creating three-coordinate Lewis superacids based on a phosphorus basis. Previously, it had not been possible to isolate this type of compound, either in a liquid or in a solid state, due to its extreme reactivity. The researchers assume that the underlying method can be transferred to other classes of compounds hitherto classified as "not viable".

Researchers gain new insights into the evolution of proteins

New combination of methods shows how bacteria can adapt to pesticides / Study in "Nature Chemical Biology"
Model of the enzyme that the researchers investigated in their study. The two grey spheres represent the active centre that binds to the pesticide to cleave it.<address>© G. Yang et al/Nat Chem Biol</address>
© G. Yang et al/Nat Chem Biol

How do bacteria manage to adapt to synthetic environmental toxins and to even develop strategies for using a pesticide agent as food within less than 70 years? This is what scientists at Münster University have investigated. They found out how mutations led to biochemical changes that now enable an enzyme to cleave a pesticide. The study was published in "Nature Chemical Biology".

China awards "Friendship Award" to physicist Harald Fuchs

Chinese government honors nanotechnology experts for outstanding scientific contributions
Prof. Harald Fuchs<address>© private</address>
© private

Prof. Harald Fuchs received the "Chinese Government Friendship Award" for his long-standing scientific cooperation with China. The physicist at Münster University has been honoured with the highest award given by the Chinese government to foreign experts - this year there are 100 prizewinners from 31 countries. The award ceremony took place in Beijing at the beginning of October.

Integration of refugees: Germans in east and west show similar willingness to help

Study based on seemingly lost letters deposited on the street / Published in "Social Psychology" journal
The researchers deposited a total of 800 stamped letters with two different addressees.<address>© Jens Hellmann</address>
© Jens Hellmann

In discussions about immigration, it is often the eastern part of Germany, in particular, that the population associates with hate crimes against refugees. Are there any differences between East and West in small acts of everyday help? Researchers from Münster University have investigated this question using a rarely used method. The study was published in "Social Psychology".

Physicists couple key components of quantum technologies

Researchers at Münster University develop an easy-to-produce interface between quantum emitters and nanophotonic networks
Various designs form photonic crystals which concentrate light in a cavity.<address>© J. Olthaus, P. Schrinner et al./Adv. Quantum Technol.</address>
© J. Olthaus, P. Schrinner et al./Adv. Quantum Technol.

Quantum effects are genuinely found in the world of nanostructures and allow a wide variety of new technological applications. Researchers at Münster University have developed an interface that couples light sources for single photons with nanophotonic networks. The results could help to make quantum technologies scalable. The study has been published in "Advanced Quantum Technologies".

Immune cells in the spotlight

EU starts research project worth millions / Participation of the University of Münster
Distribution of immune cells in the body of a mouse, imaged with optical imaging<address>© S. Gran & L. Honold et al./Theranostics 2018(8)</address>
© S. Gran & L. Honold et al./Theranostics 2018(8)

How do immune cells behave in the body? What happens during immunotherapy? To answer these questions, the European Union brings together leading experts from research and the pharmaceutical industry. The Europe-wide research project "Immune-Image", which is funded with 30 million euros over five years and in which scientists from Münster University are involved, started on 1 October.

Research ranking: Münster University is the fastest rising institution in Germany

"Nature" journal names the University of Münster the institution with the highest increase in scientific research in its country
The &quot;Nature Index&quot; considers publications in major scientific journals from the natural and life sciences.<address>© Nature Index</address>
© Nature Index

According to the scientific journal "Nature", the University of Münster has gained the most in Germany in the strength of its scientific publications between 2015 and 2018. Internationally, it is thus in sixth place – the top three fastest rising institutions are the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich and the US Princeton University.

Specific immune response of beetles adapts to bacteria

In the course of evolution, the immune system changes its ability to specifically fend off pathogens / Study published in “PNAS”
Red flour beetles<address>© WWU - Robert Peuß</address>
© WWU - Robert Peuß

The memory of the immune system is able to distinguish a foreign protein with which the organism has already come into contact from another and to react with a corresponding antibody. Researchers have now discovered that the immune system's ability to specifically fend off pathogens can adapt in the course of evolution. The study has been published in the journal “PNAS”.

Teacher training: University of Münster cooperates with Japanese university

Delegation of the Hyogo University of Teacher Education to visit / Intensive exchange planned
Cooperation with Japanese University: Twelve teacher training students and one professor visit WWU&#039;s ZfL to get to know teacher training in Germany.<address>© WWU - Kathrin Nolte</address>
© WWU - Kathrin Nolte

The University Centre for Teacher Education (ZfL) of the University of Münster (WWU) and the Hyogo University of Teacher Education in Japan (HUTE) will cooperate more closely in the future. Following the signing of a "Memorandum of Understanding" this week (23 to 27 September), twelve Japanese teacher training students and one professor will visit Münster for the first time.

New method for the measurement of nano-structured light fields

Münster researchers combine nano-optics and organic chemistry to measure complex light landscapes in the tight focus of a laser beam / Study published in “Nature Communications”
A monolayer of organic molecules is placed in the focused light field and replies to this illumination by fluorescence, embedding all information about the invisible properties.<address>© Pascal Runde</address>
© Pascal Runde

Physicists and chemists at Münster University have succeeded in developing a technique which is able to detect the typically invisible properties of nano-structured fields in the focus of a lens. This can help to establish nano-structured light landscapes as a tool for material machining, optical tweezers, or high-resolution imaging. The study was published in "Nature Communications".

MEET Battery Research Center and Helmholtz Institute Münster celebrate 10plus5 years

150 guests visit Double Jubilee / Umbrella for Battery Research in Münster
&quot;10plus5 years&quot; of battery research in Münster celebrating guests: Prof. Harald Bolt, Board Member of Forschungszentrum Jülich, Prof. Jens Tübke, head of the MEET Advisory Board, Prof. Martin Winter, Scientific Leader of MEET, NRW Science Minister Isabel Pfeiffer-Poensgen, Dr. Michael Meister, Parliamentary State Secretary of the BMBF, WWU Rector Prof. Johannes Wessels and Münster&#039;s Mayor Markus Lewe (from left to right).<address>© WWU - MünsterView</address>
© WWU - MünsterView

Two research institutions have made Münster a globally renowned location for battery research: ten years ago, the MEET Battery Research Center at Münster University was founded, five years later, the Helmholtz-Institute Münster of Forschungszentrum Jülich. Around 150 guests were greeted on September 18th at the double jubilee celebrations, including high-ranking politicians.

University of Münster welcomes 370 international guests

"Welcome Week" at Münster University / Intensive Language Courses for new students
Around 370 exchange students start their academic studies at WWU.<address>© WWU - Sophie Pieper</address>
© WWU - Sophie Pieper

In this semester the University of Münster welcomes about 370 international exchange students. During the Welcome Week, the guests receive important advices on starting their studies and get to know their supervisors. After the Welcome Week, most of them take part in a one-week intensive language course.

Prof. Winter receives the Arfvedson-Schlenk Prize

For outstanding achievements in the field of lithium chemistry
Laureate Prof. Martin Winter (centre) with Ulrich Wietelmann from Albemarle, Prof. Barbara Albert, TU Darmstadt and former GDCh President, Job Rijssenbeek, Albemarle, and Prof. Jürgen Janek, JLU Gießen ( from left).<address>© Christian Augustin, Hamburg/GDCh</address>
© Christian Augustin, Hamburg/GDCh

Electrochemist and Materials Scientists Prof. Martin Winter from Münster University has been awarded the Arfvedson-Schlenk Prize for his outstanding scientific achievements in the field of lithium chemistry. The Society of German Chemists (GDCh) awards the prize, which is endowed with 7,500 euros, every two years. The prize is named after the discoverer of the element lithium.

Geochemists measure new composition of Earth’s mantle

Researchers suspect greater dynamics than previously assumed between the Earth’s surface and its mantle / Study published in “Nature Geoscience”
The mineral olivine contains melt inclusions (black dots), just a few micrometers in size. The geochemists isolated these inclusions and investigated the isotopic composition with mass spectrometers.<address>© WWU - Felix Genske</address>
© WWU - Felix Genske

Geochemists at Münster University have investigated the volcanic rocks that build up the Azores in order to gather new information about the compositional evolution of the Earth’s interior. The results suggest that a larger amount of the Earth’s mantle has melted and formed the Earth’s crust than previously thought. The study has been published in the journal “Nature Geoscience”.

New results for the mass of neutrinos

KATRIN experiment limits neutrino masses to less than 1 electron-volt / Researchers from Münster University are involved
Overview of the 70 m long KATRIN setup with its major components a) windowless gaseous tritium source, b) pumping section, and c) electrostatic spectrometers and focal plane detector.<address>© Michaela Meloni, KIT</address>
© Michaela Meloni, KIT

Apart from photons, neutrinos are the most abundant elementary particles in the universe. With the KATRIN experiment at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, in which scientists of the University of Münster are also involved, researchers have now succeeded in measuring the mass of neutrinos with unprecedented precision limiting it to less than 1 electron-volt.