Optical tweezers control nano containers

Publication from Münster University researchers in Paper-of-the-year list of "Optics & Photonics News"
Optical tweezer<address>© AG Nichtlineare Photonik - Pascal Runde</address>
© AG Nichtlineare Photonik - Pascal Runde

By now, it is almost a tradition at the Institute of Applied Physics of the University of Münster: Like in the previous years, a research project of the team of Prof. Dr. Cornelia Denz has been selected by the well-known journal "Optics & Photonics News" for the list of the 30 best publications of the year. This unique appreciation for excellent research in the fields of optics and photonics traditionally is announced at the end of the year within in a special issue of the journal.

Nanophysicists developed a high-performance organic phototransistor

Researchers from the University of Münster report in "Nature Communications"
The high sensitivity of the fabricated DPA-OPT (left) was proven by recording spatially resolved current maps using shadow masks (e.g. letter “C”, right).<address>© © Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature</address>
© © Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature

Converting light into electrical signals is essential for a number of future applications including imaging, optical communication and biomedical sensing. Researchers have now developed a new molecular device enabling to detect light and translate it with high efficiency to detectable electronical current.

When medicine and computer science join forces

Dr. med. Robert Seifert in the lab: At the small animal PET MRI he carried out preliminary work for his MD thesis.<address>© CiM - E. Wibberg</address>
© CiM - E. Wibberg

The MD thesis of Dr. Robert Seifert, a physician, is based on an interdisciplinary cooperation, supported by the Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence. He and his colleagues developed an algorithm for the precise analysis of image data. A WWU dissertation prize was awarded for this.

Earliest records of three plant groups uncovered in the Permian of Jordan

Researchers from the University of Münster report on their findings in Science
The well-preserved plant cuticles are freed from the sedimentary rock using strong acid; after cleaning and bleaching, this isolated frond fragment of an extinct seed-fern can yield important biological and ecological information.<address>© Palaeobotany Research Group Münster</address>
© Palaeobotany Research Group Münster

A “hidden cradle of plant evolution” has been uncovered in Jordan. In Permian sedimentary rocks exposed along the east coast of the Dead Sea, a team led by palaeobotanists from the University of Münster discovered well-preserved fossils of plant groups bearing characteristics typical of younger periods of Earth history.

Anja Karliczek underlines importance of battery cells for electromobility

Federal minister of education and reserarch visits MEET Battery research center
Visit to the MEET Battery Research Center: Prof. Dr. Harald Bolt (Forschungszentrum Jülich), Thorsten Menne (Ministry of Science Düsseldorf), Anja Karliczek (Minister of Education and Research), Rector Prof. Johannes Wessels und Prof. Martin Winter (from left)<address>© WWU - Peter Leßmann</address>
© WWU - Peter Leßmann

On Wednesday, 19 December, the German Minister of Education and Research, Anja Karliczek, paid visits to the MEET Battery Research Centre at the University of Münster and to the Helmholtz Institute in Münster (HI MS), a branch of the Jülich Research Centre. During her visit, the Minister was informed of current projects being undertaken at both locations.

How skin cells protect themselves against stress

Cell biologists at Münster University develop new method for measuring how mechanical forces in cells are processed
The molecular transmission of force in desmosomes was studied before (blue), during (green) and after (red) application of mechanical stress.<address>© WWU - AG Grashoff</address>
© WWU - AG Grashoff

Cell biologists at the University of Münster have developed a new method for measuring how mechanical forces in cells are processed. The results have been published in the journal “Nature Communications”.

Dandelion rubber gets ready for the market: tyre manufacturer Continental opens "Taraxagum Lab Anklam"

Research done by Prof. Dirk Prüfer and his team makes transfer possible / "Taraxagum project is an outstanding example of the way that Münster University stands for top-level research"
Giving the symbolic starting signal for the “Taraxagum Lab Anklam” (left to right): Continental board member Nikolai Setzer, Prof. Dirk Prüfer (Münster University/Fraunhofer IME), Münster University Rector Prof. Johannes Wessels and Dr. Christian Schulze Gronover (Fraunhofer IME Münster)<address>© Thomas Wiencke</address>
© Thomas Wiencke

The foundations were laid by a team led by Prof. Dirk Prüfer at the Institute of Plant Biotechnology at Münster University with their years of research into dandelion rubber – and now tyre manufacturer Continental has officially opened its "Taraxagum Lab Anklam" research and testing laboratory in Anklam, in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

Grants worth millions for Münster University lawyer and chemist

Niels Petersen and Ryan Gilmour awarded Consolidator Grants by the European Research Council

Great achievement: two Consolidator Grants awarded by the European Research Council (ERC) to Münster University researchers: lawyer Prof. Niels Petersen and chemist Prof. Ryan Gilmour each receive one of the coveted grants, which are together worth 3.6 million euros.

Conversion of student services

<address>© WWU - JS</address>
© WWU - JS

We have informed you about the introduction of a new Campus Management System (CMS) during the last weeks of 2018. We can now announce that the new system is available and working.

How cells generate forces

<address>© A. Singh et al./ Nature Cell Biology</address>
© A. Singh et al./ Nature Cell Biology

Researchers at the Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence show that microtubules, which are tubular filaments that form part of the cytoskeleton, generate mechanical forces und contribute to collective cell behaviour during tissue morphogenesis. The study has been published in “Nature Cell Biology”.

Chemists develop new method for selective binding of proteins

“Key-and-lock recognition” through co-assembling points of contact on a nanoscale / Potential for diagnostics, imaging and active ingredients in medicines
Prof. Bart Jan Ravoo<address>© WWU - Bart Jan Ravoo</address>
© WWU - Bart Jan Ravoo

A new method of selectively binding proteins to nanoparticles has been described by a team of German and Chinese researchers headed by Prof. Bart Jan Ravoo, a chemist at the “Center for Soft Nanoscience” at the University of Münster. The nanoparticles automatically recognize small proteins and enter into highly selective binding with them.

Pioneering biologists create a new crop through genome editing

From wild plant to crop: CRISPR-Cas9 revolutionizes breeding / New tomato contains more valuable antioxidants
The new cultivated tomato (right) has a variety of domestication features which distinguish it from the wild plant (left). The details (clockwise): It produces more flowers and therefore bears more fruit, the fruit is larger and oval in shape instead of round. The cultivated tomato contains more lycopene, which is noticeable through a deeper red colouring of the juice, and the plant has a more compact growth.<address>© Agustin Zsögön/Nature Biotechnology</address>
© Agustin Zsögön/Nature Biotechnology

For the first time, researchers have created, within a single generation, a new crop from a wild plant – the progenitor of our modern tomato – by using a modern process of genome editing. Participating in the study was a team led by Prof. Jörg Kudla from the Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology at the University of Münster.

Excellence Strategy: Major success for the University of Münster

Two applications approved / Münster still in the running for “University of Excellence” title
Raising their glasses to the success: Prof. Christopher Deninger, Prof. Mario Ohlberger, Vice-Rector Prof. Monika Stoll, Rector Prof. Johannes Wessels and Prof. Detlef Pollack (from left)<address>© Heiner Witte/MünsterView</address>
© Heiner Witte/MünsterView

A decision has been reached in the first funding line, “Cluster of Excellence”, in the Excellence Strategy being pursued by the national and state governments in Germany. In the competition, the University of Münster was successful with two of the three Cluster applications it submitted. The following Clusters of Excellence will receive funding for a period of seven years: “Religion and Politics. Dynamics of Tradition and Innovation” and “Mathematics Münster.

Scientists present new observations to understand the phase transition in quantum chromodynamics

New findings published in ''Nature“ on the formation of matter / Experiments provide information on the beginnings of the universe
Das Experiment ALICE am Teilchenbeschleuniger LHC<address>© CERN/Saba, A.</address>
© CERN/Saba, A.

In the science journal 'Nature' an analysis is presented by scientists of a series of experiments at major particle accelerators which sheds light on the formation of matter. Prof. Anton Andronic, physicist at Münster University, is part of the international team of scientists.

Bioinformaticians examine new genes the moment they are born

Precursors of genes constantly emerge "out of thin air" – but only a few survive for good
The scientists compared several properties of de novo genes in mice with those in other types of mammals.<address>© Montage: free</address>
© Montage: free

Accumulating evidence suggests that new genes can arise spontaneously from previously non-coding DNA instead of through the gradual mutation of established genes. Bioinformaticians at the University of Münster are now, for the first time, studying the earliest stages in the emergence of such “genes out of thin air”, also known as de novo genes.