Institute of Landscape Ecology

Welcome!

|
Prof. Dr. Tillmann Buttschardt

1. Fachtagung des GrünSchatz-Projekts

Gruenschatzschild 1zu1
© Tillmann Buttschardt

Am 1. Juli findet die Veranstaltung "Energie aus Wildpflanzen- erste Erkenntnisse aus dem Projekt GrünSchatz" in Wulfen statt. Das Projekt GrünSchatz untersucht die Eignung heimischer Wildpflanzenmischungen als alternatives Substrat für Biogasanlagen. Die Wildpflanzensaat wird auf verschiedenden Flächen im Raum Dorsten und Billerbeck auf insgesamt 24 Probeflächen angebaut. Dabei sollen die Auswirkungen auf Ökonomie, Ökologie und die Akzeptanz verschiedener Akteursgruppen untersucht werden. In der Veranstaltung sollen erste Erkenntnisse präsentiert und diskutiert werden. Im Anschluss besteht die Möglichkeit einige Wildpflanzenflächen bei Dorsten-Wulfen zu besichtigen und sich über die Untersuchungsmethoden von Flora und Fauna zu informieren. Bei Interesse geht es hier zum Einladungs-Flyer.

The Tea Decomposition Project - It´s Tea Time!

Teacomposition2
© Ika Djukic

Since beginning of June the ILÖK takes part in the worldwide project "TeaComposition". This project is led by the Ecosystem Research and Environmental Information Management Working Group of the Federal Environment Agency in Vienna, and aims at analysing long term litter decomposition dynamics in different habitat types.

Main focus will be the assessment of carbon losses and storage in litter and their key drivers under recent and predicted climatic scenarios worldwide. The instalation of tea bags as well as the subsequent analyses will be performed in cooperation of the working groups Soil Ecology and Land use and Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research within the Biodiversity Exploratories.

New Publications at the ILÖK

  • Knoke, T.; Paul, C.; Hildebrandt, P.; Calvas, B. Castro, L. M.; Härtl, F.; Döllerer, M.; Hamer, U.; Windhorst, D.; Wiersma, Y. F.; Curatola Fernandez, G. F.; Obermeier, W. A.; Adams, J.; Breuer, L.; Mosandl, R.; Beck, E.; Weber, M.; Stimm, B.; Haber, W.; Fürst, C.; Bendix, J. (2016): Afforestation or intense pasturing improve the ecological and economic value of abandoned tropical farmlands. Nature communications 7, 11877. doi: 10.1038/ncomms11877.
  • Estop-Aragones, C., Zajac, K., Blodau, C. (2016): Effects of extreme experimental drought and rewetting on CO2 and CH4 exchange in mesocosms of 14 European peatlands with different nitrogen and sulfur deposition. Global Change Biology 22(6), 2285-2300. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13228
  • Große-Stoltenberg, A.; Hellmann, C.; Werner, C.; Oldeland, J.; Thiele, J. (2016): Evaluation of Continuous VNIR-SWIR Spectra versus Narrowband Hyperspectral Indices to Discriminate the Invasive Acacia longifolia within a Mediterranean Dune Ecosystem. Remote Sensing 8.  doi: 10.3390/rs8040334
  • Graham, E.B.; Knelman, J.E.; Schindlbacher, A.; Siciliano, S.; Breulmann, M.; Yannarell, A.; Beman, J.M.; Abell, G.; Philippot, L.; Prosser, J.; Foulquier, A.; Yuste, J.C.; Glanville, H.C.; Jones, D.; Angel, R.; Salminen, J.; Newton, R.J.; Bürgmann, H.; Ingram, L.J.; Hamer, U.; Siljanen, H.M.; Peltoniemi, K.; Potthast, K.; Bañeras, L.; Hartmann, M.; Banerjee, S.; Yu, R.-Q.; Nogaro, G.; Richter, A.; Koranda, M.; Castle, S.; Goberna, M.; Song, B.; Chatterjee, A.; Nunes, O.C.; Lopes, A.R.; Cao, Y.; Kaisermann, A.; Hallin, S.; Strickland, M.S.; Garcia-Pausas, J.; Barba, J.; Kang, H.; Isobe, K.; Papaspyrou, S.; Pastorelli, R.; Lagomarsino, A.; Lindström, E.; Basiliko, N.; Nemergut, D.R. (2016): Microbes as engines of ecosystem function: when does community structure enhance predictions of ecosystem processes? Frontiers in Microbiology 7. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00214
  • Blüthgen, N.; Simons, N.; Jung, K.; Prati, D.; Renner, S; Boch, S.; Fischer, M.; Hölzel, N.; Klaus, V.H.;, Kleinebecker, T.M; Tschapka, M.; Weisser, W.W.; Gossner, M.M. (2016) Land use imperils plant and animal community stability through changes in asynchrony rather than diversity. Nature Communications 7: 10697 doi:10.1038/ncomms10697
|
Prof. Dr. Christian Blodau

Tracking the carbon in Canadian peatlands

A portrait of biogeochemical research at the Institute of Landscape Ecology

Ecosystems are increasingly influenced by climate change and the climate can be influenced by ecosystem change. Feedbacks of this kind are a focus of biogeochemical research worldwide. The documentary illustrates how research proceeds in this field and gives answers on questions that are raised: What is our motivation to address scientific questions? Why do we investigate Canadian peatlands? What are the steps of a successful research project in this field? How does the teamwork between students and scientists look like? How does a day in the field look like? What have we learned from our investigations? And after all: Can science be fun? 

|
Prof. Dr. Norbert Hölzel

Gras und Blüten von nebenan

Aus regionalem Saatgut gezogene Wiesenpflanzen sind ortsfremden Artgenossen überlegen
8222-kyhn9mk4 Hoelzel

Ab 2020 darf in Deutschland für die Rekultivierung von Wiesen in der freien Landschaft nur noch sogenanntes Regio-Saatgut verwendet werden. Dieses Konzept wird nun erstmals von zwei Studien gestützt, an denen auch Prof. Dr. Norbert Hölzel, AG Biodiversität und Ökosystemforschung, beteiligt war.
Bunte, nicht zu intensiv genutzte Wiesen sind ein wertvoller Lebensraum für viele Pflanzen und Tiere. Doch vielerorts sind sie selten geworden. Um wieder mehr solcher Gras- und Kräuterwelten zu schaffen, muss man die entsprechenden Pflanzen normalerweise einsäen. Doch mit welchen Samen? Viele Wissenschaftler und Naturschützer plädieren für Saatgut aus der gleichen Region, in der die zukünftige Wiese liegt. Mehr...

|
Prof. Dr. Christian Blodau

Small lakes with large effects?

© Blodau

The German Research Foundation supports a research project of the Ecohydrology and Biogeochemistry Group (PI: Christian Blodau) for a period of three years.  Recently it has been discovered that inland waters cover much larger areas than previously assumed and likely represent significant sources of carbon dioxide and methane to the atmosphere; they may even provide relevant feedback in the climate-biosphere system.  The seasonal and spatial dynamics of carbon fluxes of small and shallow inland waters is poorly understood, however.  To begin rectifying this knowledge deficiency, the project will quantify the gas exchange between sediment surface water and the atmosphere in a shallow model system and establish controls on CO2 and CH4 emission and carbon sequestration.  We focus on periods and zones that have great influence on annual balances of carbon, such as ice breakup, spring and fall. To this end, recent methodological advances in high resolution gas flux measurements will be utilized. Carbon fluxes will be related to environmental variables and internal biological and physical dynamics. Methanogenesis, methane oxidation and transport are key processes for the greenhouse warming potential of these systems and will be a focus of the investigations.  To this end also 13C stable isotope balances will be employed.

|
Prof. Dr. Otto Klemm

The fog clears

Climate researchers: climate change and less air pollution explain why fog is decreasing worldwide
7972-88o5977i-newsml
Foggy scenery in autumn
© Colourbox.de

  
Fog is formed through a fine distribution of water droplets in the air. It is an everyday meteorological phenomenon – but it is becoming ever rarer. At hundreds of weather stations worldwide experts have been observing a decrease in the occurrence, or the intensity, of fog. “As to the reasons for this, all we could do in the past was speculate,” says Prof. Otto Klemm from Münster University. Klemm, a climatologist, and his colleague Prof. Neng-Huei Lin from Taiwan National Central University, have now jointly carried out investigations as to whether climate change – or lower levels of air pollution – might be the cause of the decline. In fact, their conclusion is that both of these could explain the decrease in fog.......

|
Prof. Dr. Tillmann Buttschardt


Further Links

  • Research at the Institute of Landscape Ecology
  • Staff of the Institute of Landscape Ecology