Prof. Dr. Joscha Kärtner

Head of the Developmental Psychology Lab
Arbeitseinheit Entwicklungspsychologie
Room 210/IV
Fliednerstraße 21
Tel: +49 - (02 51) 83 - 34 33 1
Fax: +49 - (02 51) 83 - 34 34 1
Consultation hours: Tuesday, 13-14h (by appointment via email)
  • Curriculum vitae

    Professional appointments

    Since 2012
    Full Professor of Developmental Psychology, Department of Psychology, at the University of Münster, Germany

    Temporary Professor of Developmental Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Münster, Germany

    Temporary Professor of Developmental Psychology at the University of Göttingen, Germany

    Postdoctoral researcher at the Lower Saxonian Institute of Infant Education and Development (nifbe), research unit Development, Learning, and Culture, Osnabrück, Germany

    Research assistant at the Department of Culture and Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Osnabrück, Germany


    Habilitation (PD), University of Osnabrück

    Dr. rer. nat., University of Osnabrück, Germany

    Diplompsychologie, University of Jena, Germany

    Master of Arts in Sociology, University of Essex, UK


    The development and training of prosocial and cooperative behavior in the second year, funded by the MWK, Ministry for Science and Culture of Lower Saxony

    The influence of socialization goals and practices on the development of prosocial behavior in the toddler years: A cross-cultural study, funded by the German Research Council

  • Research

    • Intuitive parenting, early (m)other-infant interaction and parenting across cultures
    • Socio-cognitive and socio-emotional development across cultures
    • Early self and intentionality
    • Prosocial and cooperative behavior
    • Development of culture-sensitive approaches for counseling and early childhood development programs
  • Publications

    Journal articles (peer-reviewed)

    Schuhmacher, N., Köster, M., & Kärtner, J. (in press). Modeling prosocial behavior increases helping in 16-month-olds. Child Development.

    Muck, C., Schiller, E.-M., Zimmermann, M., & Kärtner, J. (in press). Preventing sexual violence in adolescence: Comparison of a scientist-practitioner and a practitioner program using a cluster-randomized design. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

    Silkenbeumer, J. R., Schiller, E.-M., & Kärtner, J. (2018). Co- and self-regulation of emotions in the preschool setting. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 44, 72-81.

    Muck, C., Schiller, E.-M., & Kärtner (2018). Prävention sexualisierter Gewalt im Jugendalter – Evaluationsstudie zur Wirkung zweier schulischer Präventionsprogramme auf Disclosurebereitschaft und Viktimisierungserleben. Zeitschrift für Soziologie der Erziehung und Sozialisation. 38(2), 118-134.

    Nielsen, M., Haun, D., Kärtner, J., & Legare, C. (2017). The persistent sampling bias in developmental psychology: A call to action. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 162, 31-38. [PDF]

    Giner Torréns, M., & Kärtner, J. (2017).The influence of socialization on early helping from a cross-cultural perspective. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 48(3), 353-368.

    Schuhmacher, N. & Kärtner, J. (2017). The differential role of parenting, peers, and temperament for explaining interindividual differences in 18-months-olds’ comforting and helping. Infant Behavior and Development, 46, 124-134.

    Döring, A., Kärtner, J., & Bilsky, W. (2016). Values in families with young children: insights from two cultural milieus in Germany. International Journal of Psychology.

    Giner Torréns, M., & Kärtner, J. (2017) Psychometric properties of the early prosocial behaviour questionnaire. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 14(5), 618-627. [PDF]

    Kärtner, J., Crafa, D., Chaudhary, N. & Keller, H. (2016). Reactions to receiving a gift – Maternal scaffolding and cultural learning in Berlin and Delhi. Child Development, 87, 712-722. [PDF]

    Köster, M., Cavalcante, L., Carvalho, R., Resende, B., & Kärtner, J. (2016). Cultural influences on toddlers’ prosocial behavior: How maternal task assignment relates to helping others. Child Development, 87, 1727-1738. [PDF]

    Köster, M., Ohmer, X., Nguyen, T. D., & Kärtner, J. (2016). Infants understand others’ needs. Psychological Science, 27(4), 542-548. [PDF]

    Schöllhorn, A., Borke, J., Schiller, E.-M., & Kärtner, J. (2016). Beratung mit Familien aus unterschiedlichen kulturellen Kontexten – Ein Prozessmodell zur kultursensitiven Beratung für Familien mit Säuglingen und Kleinkindern. Familiendynamik, 4, 284-292. [PDF]

    Silkenbeumer, J.R., Schiller, E.-M., Holodynski, M., & Kärtner, J. (2016). The role of co-regulation for the development of social-emotional competence. Journal of Self-Regulation and Regulation, 2, 11-26. [PDF]

    Kärtner, J. (2015). The autonomous developmental pathway: The primacy of subjective mental states for human behavior and experience. Child Development, 86, 1298-1309. [PDF]

    Köster, M., Schuhmacher, N., & Kärtner, J. (2015). A cultural perspective on prosocial development. Human Ethology Bulletin, 30, 71-82. [PDF]

    Mendonça, J. S., Bussab, V. S., Lucci, T. K., & Kärtner, J. (2015). Father-child interactional synchrony in Brazilian families with maternal depression. Human Ethology Bulletin, 30, 121-138. [PDF]

    Schröder, L., Kärtner, J., & Keller, H. (2015). Telling a “baby story”: Mothers narrating their preschoolers’ past across two cultural contexts. Memory, 23(1), 39-54. [PDF]

    Schuhmacher, N., & Kärtner, J. (2015). Explaining interindividual differences in toddlers’ collaboration with unfamiliar peers: Individual, dyadic, and social factors. Frontiers in Psychology. 6, 1-14. [PDF]

    Schuhmacher, N., & Kärtner, J. (2015). Social influences on understanding incompatible desires during toddlers’ third year of life. Social Development, 25(2), 435-452. [PDF]

    Kärtner, J., Schuhmacher, N., & Collard, J. (2014). Socio-cognitive influences on the domain-specificity of prosocial behavior in the second year. Infant Behavior & Development, 37, 665-675. [PDF]

    Carra, C., Lavelli, M, Keller, H., & Kärtner, J. (2013). Parenting infants: Socialization goals and behaviors of Italian mothers and immigrant mothers from West Africa. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44(8), 1304-1320. [PDF]

    Kärtner, J., Holodynski, M., & Wörmann, V. (2013). Parental ethnotheories, social practice and the culture-specific development of the social smile in infants. Mind, Culture, and Activity, 20(1), 79-95. [PDF]

    Schröder, L., Keller, H., Kärtner, J., Kleis, A., Abels, M., Yovsi, R. D., Chaudhary, N., Jensen, H., & Papaligoura, Z. (2013). Early reminiscing in cultural context: Cultural models, maternal reminiscing styles, and children’s memories. Journal of Cognition and Development, 14, 10-34. [PDF]

    Wermke, K., Pachtner, S., Lamm, B., Voit, V., Hain, J., Kärtner, J., & Keller, H. (2013). Acoustic properties of comfort sounds of 3-month-old Cameroonian (Nso) and German infants. Speech, Language and Hearing, 16(3), 149-162.

    Wörmann, V., Holodynski, M., Kärtner, J., & Keller, H. (2013). The emergence of social smiling: The interplay of maternal and infant imitation during the first three months in cross-cultural comparison. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, online first. [PDF]

    Kärtner, J., Keller, H., Chaudhary, N., & Yovsi, R. (2012). Sociocultural influences on the development of mirror self-recognition. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. [PDF]

    Kärtner, J., & Keller, H. (2012). Culture-specific developmental pathways to prosocial behavior: A comment on Bischof-Köhler’s universalist perspective. Emotion Review, 4, 49-50. [PDF]

    Schröder, L., Kärtner, J., Keller, H., & Chaudhary, N. (2012). Sticking out and fitting in: Culture-specific predictors of 3-year-olds’ autobiographical memories during joint reminiscing. Infant Behavior and Development, 35, 627-634. [PDF]

    Wörmann, V., Holodynski, M., Keller, H. & Kärtner, J. (2012). A cross-cultural comparison of the development of the social smile. A longitudinal study of maternal and infant imitation in 6- and 12-week-old infants. Infant Behavior & Development, 35(3), 335-347. [PDF]

    Hofer, J., Busch, H., & Kärtner, J. (2011). Self-regulation and well-being: The influence of identity and motives. European Journal of Personality, 25(3), 211-224. [PDF]

    Kärtner, J., Borke, J., Maasmeier, K., Keller, H., & Kleis, A. (2011). Socio-cultural influences on the development of self-recognition and self-regulation in Costa Rican and Mexican toddlers. Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology, 10(2), 96-112. [PDF]

    Kärtner, J., Keller, H., & Chaudhary, N. (2010). Cognitive and social influences on early prosocial behavior in two socio-cultural contexts. Developmental Psychology, 46(4), 905-914. [PDF]

    Hofer, J., Busch, H., Bond, M. H., Kärtner, J., Kiessling, F., & Law, R (2010). Is self-determined functioning a universal prerequisite for motive-goal congruence? Examining the domain of achievement in three cultures. Journal of Personality, 78(2), 747-779. [PDF]

    Kärtner, J., Keller, H., & Yovsi, R. (2010). Mother-infant interaction during the first three months: The emergence of culture-specific contingency patterns. Child Development, 81(2), 540-554. [PDF]

    Fischer, R., Ferreira, M. C., Assmar, E., Redford, P., Harb, C., Glazer, S., Cheng, B.-S., Jiang, D.-Y., Wong, C. C., Kumar, N., Kärtner, J., Hofer, J., & Achoui, M. M. (2009). Individualism-collectivism as descriptive norms: Development of a subjective norm approach to culture measurement. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40(2), 187-213.

    Yovsi, R., Kärtner, J., Keller, H., & Lohaus, A. (2009). Maternal interactional quality in two cultural environments: German middle class and Cameroonian rural mothers. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40(4), 701-707. [PDF]

    Kärtner, J., Keller, H., Lam, B., Abels, M., Yovsi, R., Chaudhary, N., & Su, Y. (2008). Similarities and differences in contingency experiences of 3-month-olds across sociocultural contexts. Infant Behavior & Development, 31(3), 488-500. [PDF]

    Hofer, J., Busch, H., Chasiotis, A., Kärtner, J., & Campos, D. (2008). Concern for generativity and its relation to implicit pro-social power motivation, generative goals, and satisfaction with life: A cross-cultural investigation. Journal of Personality, 76(1), 1-30. [PDF]

    Keller, H., Otto, H., Lamm, B., Yovsi, R., & Kärtner, J. (2008). The timing of verbal/vocal communications between mothers and their infants: A longitudinal cross-cultural comparison. Infant Behavior & Development, 31(2), 217-226. [PDF]

    Kärtner, J., Keller, H., Lamm, B., Abels, M., Yovsi, R., & Chaudhary, N. (2007). Manifestations of autonomy and relatedness in mothers’ accounts of their ethnotheories regarding childcare across five cultural communities. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 38(5), 613-628. [PDF]

    Hofer, J., Kärtner, J., Chasiotis, A., Busch, H., & Kießling, F. (2007). Socio-cultural aspects of identity formation: The relationship between commitment and well-being in student samples from Cameroon and Germany. Identity, 7(4), 265-288.

    Keller, H., Kärtner, J., Borke, J., Yovsi, R., & Kleis, A. (2005). Parenting styles and the development of the categorical self: A longitudinal study on mirror self-recognition in Cameroonian Nso and German families. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 29(6), 496-504. [PDF]

    Keller, H., Yovsi, R., Borke, J., Kärtner, J., Jensen, H., & Papaligoura, Z. (2004). Developmental consequences of early parenting experiences: self-recognition and self-regulation in three cultural communities. Child Development, 75(6), 1745-1760. [PDF]

    Monographs and book chapters

    Kärtner., J. (in press). Kind, Kindheit und Entwicklung in der Entwicklungspsychologie. In C. Dietrich, U. Stenger & C. Stieve (Eds.), Theoretische Zugänge zur Pädagogik der frühen Kindheit. Eine kritische Vergewisserung, (pp. x-y). Weinheim, Basel: Beltz Juventa.

    Nass, J.R., Schiller, E.-M., & Kärtner, J. (2015). Von der Koregulation zur Selbstregulation: Entwicklungsförderliche Begleitung sozial-emotionaler Kompetenz in Kindertagesstätten. In T. Malti, T., & S. Perren (Eds.), Soziale Kompetenz bei Kindern und Jugendlichen. Entwicklungsprozesse und Förderungsmöglichkeiten, 2. Auflage (pp. 208-226). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.

    Borke, J., Schiller, E. M., Schöllhorn, A., & Kärtner, J. (2015). Kultur – Entwicklung – Beratung. Kultursensitive Therapie und Beratung für Familien mit Säuglingen und Kleinkindern. Vandenhoek & Ruprecht.

    Kärtner, J. & Borke, J. (2015). Grundzüge einer kultursensitiven Krippenpädagogik. In B. Ö. Otyakmaz & Y. Karakaşoğlu (Eds.), Frühe Kindheit in der Migrationsgesellschaft, (pp. 229-249). Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

    Kärtner, J. & Schuhmacher, N. (2014). Folk models of human behavior and sociocognitive development. ISSBD Bulletin, 66(2), 6-8 [PDF]

    Kärtner, J. & Keller, H. (2014). Sozialkognitive Entwicklung im Vorschulalter. In C. Röhner, H. Sünker, R. Braches-Chyrek & M. Hopf (Eds.), Handbuch frühe Kindheit, (pp. 161-170). Leverkusen Opladen: Barbara Budrich Verlag. [PDF]

    Keller, H. & Kärtner, J. (2013). Die untrennbare Allianz von Entwicklung und Kultur. In L. Ahnert (Ed.), Theorien in der Entwicklungspsychologie, (pp. 502-519). Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. [PDF]

    Keller, H. & Kärtner, J. (2013). Development – The cultural solution of universal developmental tasks. In M. Gelfand, C.-Y. Chiu & Y.-Y. Hong (Eds.), Advances in Culture and Psychology (Vol. 3), (pp. 63-116). Oxford University Press. [PDF]

    Kärtner, J, (2012). Die Entwicklung prosozialen Verhaltens in den ersten Lebensjahren. In Kleinstkinder in Kita und Tagespflege. Themenheft sozial-emotionale Entwicklung (pp. 36-40). Freiburg: Herder Verlag. [PDF]

    Borke, J., Döge, P., & Kärtner, J. (2011). Kulturelle Vielfalt bei Kindern unter drei Jahren – Anforderungen an frühpädagogische Fachkräfte. Eine Expertise der Weiterbildungsinitiative Frühpädagogische Fachkräfte (WiFF). [Link]

    Kärtner, J. (2011). Die Entwicklung empathischen Erlebens und prosozialen Verhaltens. In H. Keller (Hrsg.), Handbuch der Kleinkindforschung, (pp.430-463). Bern: Huber

    Kärtner, J. & Keller, H. (2010). Diversität von Erziehungsvorstellungen. In C. Ghaderi, L. Joksimovic, E. van Keuk & D. David (Hrsg.), Diversity – kompetenter Umgang mit kultureller Vielfalt in klinischen und sozialen Handlungsfeldern, (pp.303-312). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.

    Kärtner, J. (2007). Einflussgrößen auf die Entwicklung empathischen Erlebens und prosozialen Verhaltens: eine kulturvergleichende Untersuchung. E-Dissertation der Universität Osnabrück. [Link]

  • Teaching


    • Developmental psychology (BSc); Applied developmental psychology and intervention (MSc); Introduction to cognitive science (MSc)

    Seminars (BSc)

    • Socio-cognitive development in different cultures; Prosocial behavior and moral development; Socio-cognitive development; Theories and models in developmental psychology

    Research seminars (BSc)

    • Understanding intentionality in the first and second year; The emerging awareness of own and others’ mental states; Socio-cognitive development and secondary emotions; Emotional warmth in mother-infant interaction; The development of autobiographical memory

    Seminars (MSc)

    • Development and counseling; Cognitive developmental psychology; Extrafamilial care – concepts and findings; Behavioral observation in developmental psychology; Assessing development