Origenes – Works with German Translation
Edited by Alfons Fürst and Christoph Markschies
25 volumes in 45 sub-bands
Walter de Gruyter, Berlin et al. 2009ff.
Edited by Alfons Fürst and Christoph Markschies
25 volumes in 45 sub-bands
Walter de Gruyter, Berlin et al. 2009ff.
|Exegetische Schriften zum Alten Testament|
|1/1||Die Kommentierung des Buches Genesis|
|1/2||Die Homilien zum Buch Genesis|
|2||Die Homilien zum Buch Exodus (in Vorbereitung)|
|3||Die Homilien zum Buch Levitikus (in Vorbereitung)|
|4||Die Homilien zum Buch Numeri|
|5||Die Homilien zum Buch Josua|
|6||Die Homilien zum Buch der Richter|
|7||Die Homilien zum Ersten Buch Samuel|
|8/1||Die Prologe zu den Psalmen (in Vorbereitung)|
|8/2-4||Die Kommentierung der Psalmen (in Vorbereitung)|
|8/5||Die Homilien zu den Psalmen 36 bis 38 (in Vorbereitung)|
|9/1||Der Kommentar zum Hohelied|
|9/2||Die Homilien und Fragmente zum Hohelied|
|10||Die Homilien zum Buch Jesaja|
|11||Die Homilien zum Buch Jeremia|
|12||Die Homilien zum Buch Ezechiel|
|13||Die Kommentierung der Klagelieder und des Buches Hiob|
|Exegetische Schriften zum Neuen Testament|
|14/1-5||Der Kommentar zum Matthäusevangelium (in Vorbereitung)|
|15||Die Homilien zum Lukasevangelium|
|16/1-4||Der Kommentar zum Johannesevangelium (in Vorbereitung)|
|17/1-3||Der Kommentar zum Römerbrief|
|18/1||Der Kommentar zum Ersten Korintherbrief (in Vorbereitung)|
|18/2||Der Kommentar zum Epheserbrief und weitere Fragmente|
|Traktate und Briefe|
|19/1-2||Über die Prinzipien|
|20/1-4||Gegen Kelsos (in Vorbereitung)|
|21||Über das Gebet|
|22||Aufforderung zum Martyrium|
|23||Der Dialog mit Herakleides (in Vorbereitung)|
|24||Über das Pascha (in Vorbereitung)|
|25||Briefe (in Vorbereitung)|
Edited by Alfons Fürst
Aschendorff Verlag, Münster 2011ff.
The Sacramentality of the World and the Mystery of Freedom
Hans Urs von Balthasar, Reader of Origen
Hans Urs von Balthasar’s interest for Origen can be placed within the movement of Ressourcement: until the very end of his life, the Swiss theologian declares his preference for the Alexandrian, among the Church Fathers. This book offers the first in-depth study of the Alexandrian’s presence in the life of Balthasar. This is achieved not only considering his two specific books on Origen, Spirit and Fire and Le Mysterion d'Origène, but also analyzing specific Origenian ideas that played a decisive role in shaping Balthasar’s own theological building.
The book starts from a reconstruction of the context that brought Balthasar to study the Fathers and of the main polemical references in his interpretation, specifically facing the challenges posed by such movements as Neo-Scholasticism and the Idealistic interpretation of Neoplatonism. Balthasar’s study of Origen emerges not as a disinterested, ahistorical reading, but rather as connected to the main issues facing 20th-century Catholic theology. The task of a historical reconstruction is accomplished also through to the analysis of theologians who played a fundamental role in Balthasar’s interpretation of Origen: Henri de Lubac, Karl Rahner, and Karl Barth. The book moves then to analyzing the main theological elements traceable in the relationship between Origen and Balthasar: Eros, spiritual senses, freedom, and universal salvation. Throughout these ideas, Balthasar’s attitude towards Origen emerges as dynamic and multifaceted. Against the charge of uncritical retrieval, his approach can be schematically understood with the help of five categories: silence, critique, enthusiasm, appreciation, and inspiration. Each category is approached and explained in correspondence with certain works within Balthasar’s corpus. This dynamic approach to Origen, united to a familiarity with the Fathers that Lubac called “connaturality”, makes Balthasar an example of the possibility of rethinking the role of the Church Fathers today.
Elisa Zocchi, The Sacramentality of the World and the Mystery of Freedom. Hans Urs von Balthasar, Reader of Origen (Adamantiana 16), Münster: Aschendorff Verlag, 2021, 365 Seiten, 62,- €. ISBN 978-3-402-13741-3
That Miracle of the Christian World
Origenism and Christian Platonism in Henry More
The present collection of essays is devoted to the Christian philosophy of the most prolific and most speculatively ambitious of the Cambridge Origenists, Henry More. Not only did More revere Origen, whom he extolled as a “holy sage” and “that miracle of the Christian world”, but he also developed a philosophical system which hinged upon the Origenian notions of universal divine goodness and libertarian human freedom. Throughout his life, More subscribed to the ancient theology of the pre-existence of souls and took issue with the early modern philosophies of Thomas Hobbes, René Descartes and Baruch de Spinoza. His vision of God’s goodness, experienced in his early school years at Eton, became the cornerstone of an Origenist rationalism which envisaged an extended world animated by divine thought and inhabited by self-moving rational agents. More’s philosophy is the crowning attainment of the early modern rediscovery of Origen as well as a neglected major rationalist system in its own right which went on to exert decisive influence upon all subsequent western metaphysics.
The essays collected in the first part provide a detailed introduction to More’s voluminous writings. After a comprehensive general overview of his metaphysical and ethical system, the essays expound More’s historical context and his philosophical development from his early poetry in the 1640s to his mature philosophical and theological prose works of the 50s, 60s and 70s. In addition, the reception of More and Origen in the later Cambridge Origenists and in Isaac Newton is outlined. The second part contains several excerpts from More’s influential Latin works first translated into English by the editor.
Christian Hengstermann (Hg.), That Miracle of the Christian World. Origenism and Christian Platonism in Henry More (Adamantiana 12), Münster: Aschendorff Verlag, 2020, 352 Seiten, 56,- €. ISBN 978-3-402-13727-7
Condemnation of Origen
Emperor Justinian and the Council of Constantinople 553
At the instigation of the byzantine emperor Justinian I., Origen of Alexandria (185–253/54) was condemned to be a heretic in the sphere of the Ecumenical Council of Constantinople 553. This denunciation had extensive consequences for the further reception of his works, his theology and the picture future generations would get of him. The articles of the present volume analyse the church-political, monastic and theological backgrounds of the debates about Origen and the works attributed to him on the basis of the sources available. These sources are edited at the appendix of this volume with detailed annotations and german translations (mostly for the first time), as a tool for the future research concerning this subject.
Alfons Fürst/Thomas R. Karmann (Hg.), Verurteilung des Origenes. Kaiser Justinian und das Konzil von Konstantinopel 553 (Adamantiana 15), Münster: Aschendorff Verlag, 2020, 396 Seiten, 65,- €. ISBN 978-3-402-13739-0
Freedom as a Key Category in Origen and in Modern Philosophy and Theology
Freedom is a key category of concepts of God and men in modern philosophy and theology. In German idealism of the 17th and 18th centuries as well in 20th-century theologies, different concepts of libertarianism between determinism and compatilism were presented. The first to forge a libertarian concept of freedom was Origen of Alexandria. The volume aims at discussing modern ideas of freedom against the backdrop of the paths of thinking which were opened up by Origen in late antiquity.
Alfons Fürst (Hg.), Freedom as a Key Category in Origen and in Modern Philosophy and Theology (Adamantiana 14), Münster: Aschendorff Verlag, 2019, 295 Seiten, 49,- €. ISBN 978-3-402-13731-4
Origen's Philosophy of Freedom in Early Modern Times
Debates about Free Will and Apokatastasis in 17th-Century England and Europe
The articles of this volume shed new light on the reception of Origen’s concepts of free will and universal salvation in 17th-century England and Europe. The Cambridge Platonists took up the Alexandrian’s libertarian concept of freedom and discussed his core ideas within the new philosophical developments of their own time. In continental Europe, the Dutch Arminians, Jean Le Clerc and the Pietist couple Johanna Eleonora and Johann Wilhelm Petersen dealt with questions related to Origenism.
Alfons Fürst (Hg.), Origen's Philosophy of Freedom in Early Modern Times. Debates about Free Will and Apokatastasis in 17th-Century England and Europe (Adamantiana 13), Münster: Aschendorff Verlag, 2019, 304 Seiten, 54,- €. ISBN 978-3-402-13729-1
Ralph Cudworth, Sermon preached before the Honourable House of Commons and other writings
Ralph Cudworth's sermon preached before the Honourable House of Commons in 1674 is written in the spirit of Origen's philosophical thinking and contains a determined appeal for doctrinaire openness and religious tolerance. The articles of the present volume analyse this document of Cambridge Origenism which can be seen as pioneering within the context of the political and ecclesiastical confusions of the English Civil War. The volume offers beside the gently modernised text und the first german translation further letters and poems of the young Cudworth, and a sermon of 1664. These texts are vivid documents of his platonic-origenean "Philosphy of Religion" and of his irenic Christianity of interiority in practical ethos of universal love.
Origen in France: Pierre Daniel Huet’s Origeniana
Origeniana is considered a milestone in the academic history and research on the Christian philosopher Origen, published in 1668 by the French scholar Pierre Daniel Huet (1630-1721). The three volumes contain the first academic analyses of the life, teachings and writings of Origen. Huet was, however, critical of Origen’s philosophy of reason. Contrary to the rationalism of René Descartes‘ cogito ergo sum, Huet advocated a form of radical skepticism, whose distrust of reason led to equally radical fideism, in which faith is considered superior to reason. It is from this perspective that Huet criticized Origen’s efforts towards a rational understanding of Christianity; with his excessive emphasis on reason and the freedom established therein, the Alexandrinian had led theology down the wrong path. Despite his personal dissent, Huet nonetheless defended Origen from the many unjustified and exaggerated accusations often made against the philosopher throughout the history of Origenism, presenting the latters’ thoughts and critically and objectively reflecting upon them utilising scientific methods.
Alfons Fürst (ed.), Origenes in Frankreich. Die Origeniana Pierre-Daniel Huets (Adamantiana 10), Münster: Aschendorff Verlag, 2017, 390 Seiten, gebunden, 59,- €. ISBN 978-3-402-13723-9
Schriftsinn und Theologisches Verstehen
Es waren vor allem außertheologische, hermeneutische Forschungen, Entwicklungen in den Literaturwissenschaften, kanongeschichtliche Studien, Forschungen zu geistlichen Rezeptionen des Christentums und jüdisch-christliche Arbeiten, die der biblischen Exegese und der Theologie ihre eigenen Voraussetzungen nahebrachten und zu einer christusbezogenen Gesamtschau verhalfen. Schon Origenes (* 185 n. Chr.) wusste von ihr. Sie kann auch heute bedeutungsvoll und gewichtig entdeckt werden.
Origenes und der Ursprung der Freiheitsmetaphysik
Origenes und der Ursprung der Freiheitsmetaphysik bietet eine Gesamtdarstellung der vom größten griechischen Kirchenvater geschaffenen ersten christlichen Philosophie. Die Wirklichkeit erscheint darin insgesamt als in sich gestufte Freiheit. Zum einen verteidigt Origenes in Auseinandersetzung mit den Determinismen der Philosophen, insbesondere der Stoiker, und der Gnostiker, vor allem der Valentinianer, mit großer Entschlossenheit die Wahlfreiheit des Menschen. So entstammt seiner Feder die erste christliche Untersuchung über das Wesen der Freiheit überhaupt. Zum anderen denkt der Alexandriner auch Gott selbst und die Welt als dynamische Freiheitswirklichkeit und Heilsgeschichte, die in der Einheit eines glückseligen „Gott alles in allem“ zu ihrer Vollendung kommt.
Logic and Argumentation in Origen
The activity of Origen of Alexandria (185–253), one of the most prolific early Christian scholars, encompassed different branches of theology. His enormous exegetical achievement is grounded on solid philological and hermeneutical foundations. With his De principiis, the Alexandrian thinker was the creator of systematic theology, and in his Contra Celsum, he composed the most intellectual piece of Greek patristic apology. A common element of these different segments of activity is that they are based on scientific and logical principles and were developed with methodological consciousness. The main topic of this book is what Origen said in his writings about logic, rationality in its broadest sense, dialectic, and theory of science, and what the characteristics of his strategy of argumentation are.
Christ - The Teacher of Salvation
Christ, his nature, and his works are the most central elements of Christian theology. Origen of Alexandria (185-254) plays an important role in the history of Christology and soteriology. He wrote his many biblical commentaries, theological treatises, and homilies before the Councils of Nicaea (325) and Chalcedon (451) issued their Christological doctrines, which were to set the agenda for Christological thinking for many centuries. In many respects Origen’s work paved the way for the decisions made in Nicaea and Chalcedon, yet Origen’s Christology is much more multifaceted than these creeds. His Christology is characterized by his understanding of Christ as God’s Wisdom and Word who includes and creates cosmos as a whole. His soteriology is characterized by his pedagogic and universalist thinking, which portrays Christ as a physician and a teacher who leads all human beings and the whole cosmos to completion in God. The present book provides a detailed analysis and interpretation of Origen’s Christology and soteriology as it is expounded in a number of his most important writings thus providing a comprehensive and coherent picture of Origen’s multifaceted Christology and soteriology.
The works of Origen were an important source of inspiration for the intellectual awakenings of the Renaissance and Humanism, developments in which the oration On the Dignity of Man from 1486 by Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463-1494) plays a central role. In his discourse published posthumously in 1496, man, by virtue of his freedom, determines his own position in the cosmos. This capacity for self-determination is the basis of his responsibility for his actions and constitutes his dignity. Pico also comments on Origen in his Nine Hundred Theses from 1486, that it is more reasonable to assume Origen was redeemed than to suppose he was condemned. As this was one of the statements for which he was accused of heresy, he defended himself and Origen in his treatise A Disputation about Origen’s Salvation, the first extensive apologia of the genius from Alexandria since antiquity.
Die Cambridge Origenists - George Rusts Letter of Resolution Concerning Origen and the Chief of His Opinions
The years 1658-62 represent something like an Origenist stage in English theology, producing not only translations and work editions but entire philosophical systems in the spirit of Origen. The anonymously published writings by the Anglican Bishop George Rust in 1661 are a manifesto of modern Origenism; in critically arguing with the new philosophies of those such as Hobbes or Descartes on one hand and Calvinist theology on the other, Rust further develops fundamental insights by Origen in an original manner.
Trinität und Kosmos
This study attempts for the first time to reconstruct the Trinitarian thinking of Origen of Alexandria (185-254) and to acknowlegde it historically and theologically.
Autonomy and Human Dignity
Origen and his Legacy in the Orient and Occident
Through his works as a teacher, exegete and philosopher, the Alexandrian Origen (185-253/254) laid the foundations of a Christian culture. One of the first Christian theologians, he engaged in the philosophical and religious discussions of his time at the highest intellectual level. Due to the breadth and boldness of his thought, Origen has not only had a major impact on all ecclesiastical traditions deriving from Late Antiquity, but was also a profound influence on the history of philosophy. The new Adamantiana series, opening with this volume, is dedicated to Origen’s thinking as well as to its legacy throughout the Orient and Occident, aiming to make it accessible for academic research in a wide range of disciplines.
Edited by the Forschungsstelle Origenes (“Origen Research Centre”) in Münster and published by the local Aschendorff publishing house, “Adamantiana. Texts and Studies on Origen and His Heritage” is the first publication series solely dedicated to the thought of the great Alexandrian theologian and the history of its reception. It comprises monographs that deal with Origen and the Origenist tradition as well as collected volumes that gather the contributions of the conferences and symposia organized by the research centre. In addition, collections of (translated and annotated) texts from various epochs aim to illuminate Origen’s theology and its place within the history of ideas, focusing especially upon its reception up to the present day.
Although no-one denies that Origen is the greatest of the Greek church fathers, several aspects of his audacious theological synthesis continue to be virtually unknown or subject to prejudices and misconceptions resulting from the history of his reception. This holds particularly true for the philosopher Origen: On the whole, his original contribution to ethics, metaphysics and the philosophy of religion appears as underappreciated as his conception of a first philosophy of history. Likewise, the exegete Origen deserves closer study, his innovative reading of Paul, for instance, still being far less well-known than Augustine’s and the tradition the latter inaugurated in the Western Church. In special studies from a variety of disciplines ranging from theology and philosophy to classical philology and history, these and other hitherto neglected aspects of Origen’s thought are to be dealt with in detail.
The history of the Origenist tradition is as multifaceted as the Alexandrian’s thought itself. Ever since the great Origenist controversies in Late Antiquity that resulted in his official damnation by the church, the reception of this first Christian philosophy has always been characterized by extremes. Moreover, the re-discovery of his work marks the beginning of numerous epoch-making changes within the history of ideas, which, as a whole, is deeply influenced by his religious philosophy of human freedom. Thus, the great Christian metaphysical systems of Dionysius the Areopagite and John Eriugena in Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages manifestly follow in Origen’s footsteps. Via the early modern works on the history of Christian dogma and the writings of Italian and English humanists and philosophers, the notion of man’s inalienable dignity can be traced back to the theologian from Alexandria, whose work generally forestalls central tenets of Renaissance and Idealist thought. Lastly, the extensive research that outstanding theologians like Karl Rahner, Hans Urs von Balthasar or Joseph Ratzinger carried out on Origen testifies to his pivotal role in the shaping of modern theology.
Particularly in the field of Origen’s Nachleben, special studies and anthologies of texts are needed that evidence in what ways the Alexandrian theologian helped shape key ideas and concepts of Western thought. The interdisciplinary pilot projects that constitute the publication series “Adamantiana. Texts and Studies on Origen and His Heritage” aim to reveal Origen’s philosophy as a major factor in the European history of ideas.
At the Origen research centre, several PhD-projects were and are supervised by Prof. Dr. Dr. Alfons Fürst. Here you can get an overview over finished and current projects.
Hengstermann, Christian: Origenes und der Ursprung der Freiheitsmetaphysik (2015) (Adamantiana 8)
Zocchi, Elisa: The Sacramentality of the World and the Mystery of Freedom. Hans Urs von Balthasar, Reader of Origen (2021) (Adamantiana 16)
Klöckener, Monnica: Die Frau am Jakobsbrunnen in altkirchlicher Johannesexegese. Erkenntnis, Pädagogik und Spiritualität bei Origenes, Johannes Chrysostomos und Augustinus (Publication in process)
Felter, Karen: A Complex Relation. Reading Anne Conway from a Process Theological Perspective (Publication in process)
Achternkamp, Anne: Die politische Philosophie des Origenes
Tilling, Fabian: Der Geheimnis-Begriff bei Origenes
Arens, Felix: Prozesstheologisch-philosophische Studien zu Origenes von Alexandria
The ITN “The History of Human Freedom and Dignity in Western Civilization” is a research collaboration between 6 universities and 9 non-academic partner organizations across Europe. The project will trace the historical roots and transformations of the modern conception of humans as dignified and free beings, especially as met with in theological and philosophical traditions. In Münster, four europeen PhD-Fellows are located.