Field of Research D “Violence“ (2007-2018)

Central to the “Violence” field of research is the question of the ambivalence of religions with respect to physical violence: Researchers are investigating the potential of various religious beliefs for violence or for peace, and the question of the political and social conditions under which these potentials are variously realised. With a view especially to ancient Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, it is asked under which conditions religious protagonists become violent and when and why the exercise of violence becomes imbued with religious language and symbols. Therefore, research in the Cluster of Excellence’s second funding period from 2012 to 2017 is concentrating on (1) the recourse to sacred texts in the legitimisation of violence, and (2) to the conditions for and manifestations of martyrdom and the cult of martyrs, in both cases across cultures and different eras.