Prof. Alain Valette, Université de Neuchâtel Schweiz, Vortrag: The Kadison-Singer problem
Thursday, 09.01.2014 16:30 im Raum M5
Abstract: In 1959, R.V. Kadison and I.M. Singer asked whether each pure state of the algebra of bounded diagonal operators on $\ell^2$, admits a unique state extension to $B(\ell^2)$. The positive answer was given in May 2013 by A. Marcus, D. Spielman and N. Srivastava, who took advantage of a series of translations of the original question, due to C. Akemann, J. Anderson, P. Casazza, N. Weaver,... Ultimately, the problem boils down to an estimate of the largest zero of the expected characteristic polynomial of the sum of independent random variables taking values in rank 1 positive matrices in the algebra of n-by-n matrices. In turn, this is proved by studying a special class of polynomials in d variables, the so-called real stable polynomials. The talk will highlight the main steps in the proof.