• Vita

    Senior Researcher at CONICET (National Council of Science and Technology). Editor of Población & Sociedad (Social Sciences Review). Associate Investigator of the Maria Sibylla Merian Center Conviviality-Inequality in Latin America (Mecila). International collaboration: Participation in the program Worlds of Related Coercions in Work (WORCK) and Global Collaboratory on the History of Labor Relations 1500-2000 (International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam). Past Vice-President and President of the National Association of Historians (Argentina, 2017-2021). Previous research fellowships from Alexander von Humboldt and John Guggenheim Foundation, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Maria Sibylla Merian International Centre Conviavility-Inequality in Latin America (Mecila), German Academic Exchange Service, María Elena Cassiet (John Carter Brown Library), Gerda Henkel Foundation, National Geographic Foundation, Fundación Bilbao Viscaya, Fundación Carolina, Fundación Antorchas, CONICET and Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica. Main research areas: Labor relations, indigenous population, mining, social history of the Andes (16th to 19th centuries).

  • Research Project

    Working under colonial rule. Legal unity and pluralism in seventeenth-century Bolivia

    My research centers on labor relations in seventeenth-century Charcas (present-day Bolivia), a transitional period during Spanish colonial rule (early 1530s until 1825). Within this general frame, I am interested in concrete mechanisms of coercion, labor recruitment and tribute payment, all issues related to colonial obligations that were imposed to indigenous people based on the notion of vassalage. I concentrate on the Seventeenth Century, a period of intense migration and reorganization of the colonial society, and on indigenous population, the principal labor force. Within the framework of a long-term project based on a colonial inspection ordered by the Viceroy of Peru Duke of La Palata (1681-1689), I have until now worked on the most relevant aspects of the practices I have found in labor relations, addressed in a general way the legal framework regulating such practices, and collected information about different norms that coexisted by that time. The research carried out to date suggests that during the Seventeenth Century the gap between practices and legal regulations became more pronounced. For the stay in Münster I propose, then, to reconstruct the web of the different regulatory frameworks that coexisted at that time and its evolution. Or, in other words, to approach more carefully the legal polyphony (and its variations) that was operating in that period.

  • Selected Publications

    Gil Montero, Raquel/Salinas, María Laura (Hrsg.): Visitas coloniales en diálogo: Tributación, servicios y prestaciones laborales en la Audiencia de Charcas durante el siglo XVII tardío. Resistencia 2023.

    Gil Montero, Raquel/Oliveto Guillermina: La creación —fallida— de un mundo fiscal. Charcas (actual Bolivia) 1683–1689”, in: Colonial Latin American Review 31 (2022), 479-503.

    Gil Montero, Raqueland/Albiez-Wieck, Sarah: Putting Tribute into Perspective. Negotiating Colonial Obligations in Seventeenth Century Peru, in: Dhau. Jahrbuch für außereuropäische Geschichte 5 (2020), 57-86.

    Gil Montero, Raquel/Tereygeol, Florian: Ore dressing technics in the Andes during the Seventeenth Century: The case of San Antonio del Nuevo Mundo (Lípez, present-day Bolivia), in: International Journal of Historical Archaeology 25 (2020), 65-91.

    Gil Montero, Raquel: Regional Impact of Mining Activity During Colonial Times in the Highlands of Southern Bolivia, in: International Journal of Historical Archaeology 21 (2017), 280-294.

    Gil Montero, Raquel: Free and Unfree Labour in the Colonial Andes in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, in: International Review of Social History 56 (2011), 297-318.