Ratna Singh, Jens Smiatek, Bruno.M. Moerschbacher (2023). Unraveling the Impact of Acetylation Patterns in Chitosan Oligomers on Cu2+ Ion Binding: Insights from DFT Calculations. International Journal of Molecular Science. (

Niloofar Hamzelui, Max Linhorst, Gabriela Martin Nyenhuis, Lukas Haneke, Gebrekidan Gebresilassie Eshetu, Tobias Placke, Martin Winter, Bruno M. Moerschbacher, Egbert Figgemeier (2023). Chitosan as Enabling Polymeric Binder Material for Silicon-Graphite-Based Anodes in Lithium-Ion Batteries. Energy Technol. 11:2201239 (

Philipp Schröder, Stefan Cord-Landwehr, Monika Schönhoff, Cornelia Cramer (2023). Composition and Charge Compensation in Chitosan/Gum Arabic Complex Coacervates in Dependence on pH and Salt Concentration. Biomacromolecules. 2023, 24, 3, 1194–1208 (

Rehman, H. U., S. Cord-Landwehr, V. Shapaval, S. Dzurendova, A. Kohler, B. M. Moerschbacher, B. Zimmermann (2023). High-throughput vibrational spectroscopy methods for determination of degree of acetylation for chitin and chitosan. Carbohydr. Polymes. 302:120428 (

Rita Weyer, R., M. J. Hellmann, S. N. Hamer-Timmermann, R. Singh, B. M. Moerschbacher (2022). Customized chitooligosaccharide production controlling their length via engineering of Rhizobial chitin synthases and the choice of expression system. Front. Bioeng. Biotech.

Urs, M. J.,B. M. Moerschbacher, S. Cord-Landwehr (2022). Quantitative enzymatic-mass spectrometric analysis of the chitinous polymers in fungal cell walls. Carbohydr. Polymes. 301:120304 (

Sreekumar, S., J. Wattjes, A. Niehues, T. Mengoni, A. C. Mendes, E. R. Morris, F. M. Goycoolea, B. M. Moerschbacher (2022). Biotechnologically produced chitosans with nonrandom acetylation patterns differ from conventional chitosans in properties and activities. Nat. Commun. 13:7125 (

Künne, S., F. Püttmann, M. Linhorst, B. M. Moerschbacher, M. Winter, J. Li, T. Placke (2022). Comparative study on chitosans as green binder materials for LiMn2O4 positive electrodes in lithium ion batteries. ChemElectroChem (

Borges Araujo, A. J., G. V. Cerruti, R. Zuccarelli, M. Rodriguez Ruiz, L. Freschi, R. Singh, B. M. Moerschbacher, E. I. Floh, A. L. Wendt dos Santos (2022). Proteomic analysis of S-nitrosation sites during somatic embryogenesis in Brazilianpine,Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze. Front. Plant Sci. 13:902068. (

Lemke, P., Jünemann, L., Moerschbacher, B. M. (2022). Synergistic Antimicrobial Activities of Chitosan Mixtures and Chitosan–Copper Combinations. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 23(6), 3345 (doi:10.3390/ijms23063345)

Bonin, M., L. Hameleers, L. Hembach, T. Roret, S. Cord-Landwehr, G. Michel, B. M. Moerschbacher(2021). In silico and in vitro analysis of anAspergillus nigerchitin deacetylase to decipher its subsite sugar preferences. J. Biol. Chem. 297:101129 (doi:10.1016/j.jbc.2021.101129)

Paulert, R., F. Brunel, R. L. J. Melcher, S. Cord-Landwehr, A. Niehues, M. Mormann, B. M. Moerschbacher(2021). The non-sulfated ulvanobiuronic acid of ulvans is the smallest active unit able to induce an oxidative burst in dicot cells. Carbohydr. Polyme. (doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2021.118338)

Noorifar, N., M. Savoian, A. Ram, Y. Lukito, B. Hassing, T. Weikert, B. M. Moerschbacher, B. Scott(2021). Chitin deacetylases are required forEpichloë festucaeendophytic cell wall remodelling during establishment of a mutualistic symbiotic interaction withLolium perenne. Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. (doi:10.1094/MPMI-12-20-0347-R)

Attjioui, M., Gillet, D., El Gueddari, N. E., Moerschbacher, B. M. (2021). Synergistic antimicrobial effect of chitosan polymers and oligomers. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. (doi: 10.1094/MPMI-07-20-0185-R)

Rizzi, Y. S., Happel, P., Lenz, S., Urs, M. J., Bonin, M., Cord-Landwehr, S., Singh, R., Moerschbacher, B. M., Kahmann, R. (2021). Chitosan and Chitin Deacetylase Activity Are Necessary for Development and Virulence ofUstilago maydis. mBio. (doi: 10.1128/mBio.03419-20)

Vortmann, M., Stumpf, A. K., Sgobba, E., Dirks-Hofmeister, M. E., Krehenbrink, M., Wendisch, V. F., Philipp, B., Moerschbacher, B. M. (2021). A bottom-up approach towards a bacterial consortium for the biotechnological conversion of chitin to L-lysine. Appl Microbiol Biotechnology. (doi: 10.1007/s00253-021-11112-5)

Shukla, N., Lemke, P., Moerschbacher, B. M., Kumar, J. (2020). 'Cu-Chi-Tri', a New Generation Combination for Knowledge-Based Management of Oomycete Pathogen,Phytophthora infestans. Emerging Trends in Plant Pathology. Link

Witz, M., Linhorst, M., Veelken, P., Tempel, H., Kungl, H., Moerschbacher, B. M., Eichel, R.-A. (2020).Polyethylene oxide‐Li6.5La3Zr1.5Ta0.5O12 hybrid electrolytes: Lithium salt concentration and biopolymer blending. Electrochemical Science Advances. (doi: 10.1002/elsa.202000029)

Bonin, M., Sreekumar, S., Cord-Landwehr, S., Moerschbacher, B. M. (2020). Preparation of defined chitosan oligosaccharides using chitin deacetylases. Int J Mol Sci. (doi: 10.3390/ijms21217835)

Limon, T., Birch, A., Monribot-Villanueva, J. L., Guerrero-Analco, J. A., Altúzar-Molina, A., Carrión, G., Goycoolea, F. M., Moerschbacher, B. M., Aluja, M. (2020). Chitosan coatings reduce fruit fly (Anastrepha obliqua) infestation and development of the fungusColletotrichum gloeosporioidesin Manila mangoes. J Sci Food Agric. (doi: 10.1002/jsfa.10903)

Qin, X., Vila-Sanjurjo, C., Singh, R., Philipp, B., Goycoolea, F. M. (2020). Screening of Bacterial Quorum Sensing Inhibitors in aVibrio fischeriLuxR-Based Synthetic FluorescentE. coliBiosensor. Pharmaceuticals. (doi: 10.3390/ph13090263)

Lemke, P., Moerschbacher, B. M., Singh, R. (2020). Transcriptome Analysis ofSolanum TuberosumGenotype RH89-039-16 in response to chitosan. Front. Plant Sci. (doi: 10.3389/fpls.2020.01193)

Wattjes, J., Sreekumar, S., Richter, C., Cord-Landwehr, S., Singh, R., El Gueddari, N. E., Moerschbacher, B. M. (2020). Patterns matter part 1: Chitosan polymers with non-random patterns of acetylation. React. Funct. Polyme. (doi: 10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2020.104583)

Cord-Landwehr, S., Richter, C., Wattjes, J., Sreekumar, S., Singh, R., Basa, S., El Gueddari, N. E., Moerschbacher, B. M. (2020). Patterns matter part 2: Chitosan oligomers with defined patterns of acetylation. React. Funct. Polyme. (doi: 10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2020.104577)

van Leeuwe, T. M., Wattjes, J., Niehues, A., Forn-Cuní, G., Geoffrion, N., Mélida, H., Arentshorst, M., Molina, A., Tsang, A., Meijer, A. H., Moerschbacher, B. M., Punt, P. J., Ram, A. F. J. (2020). A seven-membered cell wall related transglycosylase gene family inAspergillus nigeris relevant for cell wall integrity in cell wall mutants with reduced α-glucan or galactomannan. The Cell Surface. (doi: 10.1016/j.tcsw.2020.100039)

Qin, X., Kumar Thota, G., Singh, R., Balamurugan, R., Goycoolea, F. M. (2020). Synthetic homoserine lactone analogues as antagonists of bacterial quorum sensing. Bioorganic Chemistry. (doi: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2020.103698)

Hembach, L., Bonin, M. Gorzelanny, C., Moerschbacher B. M. (2020). Unique subsite specificity and potential natural function of a chitosan deacetylase from the human pathogenCryptococcus neoformans. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (doi: 10.1073/pnas.1915798117)

Regel, E. K., Evers, M., Liss, M., Cord-Landwehr, S., Moerschbacher B. M. (2020). High-throughput screening using UHPLC-MS to characterize the subsite specificities of chitosanases or chitinases. Anal Chem. (doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.9b05049)

Basa, S., Nampally, M., Honorato, T., Das, S. N., Podile, A. R., El Gueddari, N. E., Moerschbacher, B. M. (2020). The pattern of acetylation defines the priming activity of chitosan tetramers. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (doi: 10.1021/jacs.9b11466)

Barbosa, H. F. G., Attjioui, M., Ferreira, A. P. G., Moerschbacher, B. M., Cavalheiro, E. T. G. (2019). New series of metal complexes by amphiphilic biopolymeric Schiff bases from modified chitosans: Preparation, characterization and effect of molecular weight on its biological applications. Int J Biol Macromol. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.12.153)

Wattjes, J., Niehues, A., Moerschbacher, B. M. (2019). Robust enzymatic-mass spectrometric fingerprinting analysis of the fraction of acetylation of chitosans. Carbohyd. Polyme. (doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2019.115684)

C alvo, N. L.,Sreekumar, S., Svetaz, L. A., Lamas, M. C., Moerschbacher, B. M., Leonardi, D. (2019). Design and Characterization of Chitosan Nanoformulations for the Delivery of Antifungal Agents. Int J Mol Sci. (doi: 10.3390/ijms20153686)

Barbosa, H. F. G., Attjioui, M., Leitãoam, A., Moerschbacher, B. M., Cavalheiro, T. G. (2019). Characterization, solubility and biological activity of amphihilic biopolymeric Schiff bases synthesized using chitosans. Carbohyd. Polyme. (doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2019.05.037)

Prexler, S. M., Frassek, M., Moerschbacher B. M. (2019). Catechol Oxidase versus Tyrosinase Classification Revisited by Site‐Directed Mutagenesis Studies. Angew. Chem. (doi: 10.1002/anie.201902846)

Gercke, D., Regel, E. K., Singh, R. and B. M. Moerschbacher(2019). Rational protein design ofBacillussp. z o.o. MN chitosanase for altered substrate binding and production of specific chitosan oligomers. Journal of Biological Engineering. (doi:10.1186/s13036-019-0152-9)

Wattjes, J., A. Niehues, L. David, T. Delair and B. M. Moerschbacher(2019). Enzymatic Production and Enzymatic-Mass Spectrometric Fingerprinting Analysis of Chitosan Polymers with Different Non-Random Patterns of Acetylation. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (doi: 10.1021/jacs.8b12561)

Singh, R., T. Weikert, S. Basa, B. M. Moerschbacher(2018). Structural and biochemical insight into mode of action and subsite specificity of a chitosan degrading enzyme fromBacillus spec. MN. Sci. Rep.

Stumpf, A. K., M. Vortmann, M. E. Dirks-Hofmeister, B. M. Moerschbacher, B. Philipp(2018). Identification of a novel chitinase fromAeromonas hydrophilaAH-1N for the degradation of chitin within fungal mycelium. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. Vol. 366 (doi: 10.1093/femsle/fny294)

Hoffmann, S., C. Gorzelanny, B. M. Moerschbacher, F. M. Goycoolea(2018). Physicochemical characterization of FRET-labelled chitosan nanocapsules and model degradation studies. Nanomaterials 8: 846 (doi: 10.3390/nano8100846)

Nietzel, T., M. Elsässer, C. Ruberti, J. Steinbeck, J. Ugalde, P. Fuchs, S. Wagner, L. Ostermann, A. Moseler, P. Lemke, M. Fricker, S. Mueller-Schuessele, B. M. Moerschbacher, A. Costa, A. Meyer, M. Schwarzländer(2019).The fluorescent protein sensor roGFP2-Orp1 monitors in vivo H2O2 and thiol redox integration and elucidates intracellular H2O2 dynamics during elicitor-induced oxidative burst in Arabidopsis. New Phytol. 221: 1649-1664 (doi: 10.1111/nph.15550)

Shao, Z., Y. Thomas, L. Hembach, X. Xing, D. Duan, B.M. Moerschbacher, V. Bulone, L. Tirichine, C. Bowler (2018). Comparative characterization of putative chitin deacetylases from Phaeodactylum tricornutum and Thalassiosira pseudonana highlights distinct chitosan biosynthetic processes in diatoms. New Phytol. ### (doi: 10.1111/nph.15510)

Kalagara, T., T. Moutsis, Y. Yang, K. I. Pappelbaum, A. Farken, L. Cladder-Micus, S. Vidal-y-Sy, A. John, A. T. Bauer, B. M. Moerschbacher, S. W. Schneider, C. Gorzelanny (2018). The endothelial glycocalyx anchors von Willebrand factor fibers to the endothelium. Blood Adv. 2: 2347-2357 (doi:

Gubaeva, E, A. Gubaev, R. Melcher, S. Cord-Landwehr, R. Singh, N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher (2018). 'Slipped sandwich' model for chitin and chitosan perception in Arabidopsis. Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 31:1145-1153 (doi: 10.1094/MPMI-04-18-0098-R)

Sgobba, E., A. K. Stumpf, M. Vortmann, N. Jagmann, M. Krehenbrink, M. Dirks-Hofmeister, B. M. Moerschbacher, B. Philipp, V. F. Wendisch (2018)
Synthetic Escherichia coli-Corynebacterium glutamicum consortia for L-lysine production from starch and sucrose. Biores. Technol. 260: 302-310 (doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2018.03.113

S. Sreekumar, F. M. Goycoolea, B. M. Moerschbacher, G. R. Rivera-Rodriguez (2018). Parameters influencing the size of chitosan-TPP nano- and microparticles. Sci. Rep. (doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-23064-4)

F. Bußwinkel, O. Goni, S. Cord-Landwehr, S. O'Connell, B. M. Moerschbacher (2018). Endochitinase 1 (Tv-ECH1) from Trichoderma virens has high subsite specificities for acetylated units when acting on chitosans. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.03.070)

E. K. Regel, T. Weikert, A. Niehues, B. M. Moerschbacher, R. Singh (2018). Protein-engineering of chitosanase from Bacillus sp. MN to alter its substrate specificity. Biotechnol Bioeng. (doi: 10.1002/bit.26533)

L. Hembach, S. Cord-Landwehr, B. M. Moerschbacher (2017). Enzymatic production of all fourteen partially acetylated chitosan tetramers using different chitin deacetylases acting in forward or reverse mode. Sci. Rep. (doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-17950-6)

S. M. Prexler, R. Singh, B. M. Moerschbacher, M. E. Dirks-Hofmeister (2017). A specific amino acid residue in the catalytic site of dandelion polyphenol oxidases acts as ‘selector’ for substrate specificity. Plant Mol. Biol. (doi: 10.1007/s11103-017-0686-5)

T. Weikert, A. Niehues, S. Cord-Landwehr, M. J. Hellmann, B. M. Moerschbacher (2017). Reassessment of chitosanase substrate specificities and classification. Nat. Commun. (doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-01667-1)

H. F. Gonçalves Barbosa, M. Attjioui, A. P. Garcia Ferreira, E. R. Dockal, N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher, É. T. Gomes Cavalheiro (2017). Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Activities of Biopolymeric Schiff Bases Prepared with Chitosan and Salicylaldehydes and Their Pd(II) and Pt(II) Complexes. Molecules. (doi: 10.3390/molecules2211198)

H. T. Nguyen, F. M. Goycoolea (2017). Chitosan/Cyclodextrin/TPP Nanoparticles Loaded with Quercetin as Novel Bacterial Quorum Sensing Inhibitors. Molecules. (doi: 10.3390/molecules22111975)

J. Hoßbach, F. Bußwinkel, A. Kranz, J. Wattjes, S. Cord-Landwehr, B. M. Moerschbacher (2017). A chitin deacetylase of Podospora anserina has two functional chitin binding domains and a unique mode of action. Carbohyd. Polym. (doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.11.015)

A. Niehues, J. Wattjes, J. Bénéteau, G. R. Rivera-Rodriguez, B. M. Moerschbacher (2017). Chitosan Analysis by Enzymatic/Mass Spectrometric Fingerprinting and in Silico Predictive Modeling. Anal. Chem. (doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b04002)

M. Kohlhoff, A. Niehues, J. Wattjes, J. Bénéteau, S. Cord-Landwehr, N. E. El Gueddari, F. Bernard, G. R. Rivera-Rodriguez, B. M. Moerschbacher (2017). Chitinosanase: a fungal chitosan hydrolyzing enzyme with a new and unusually specific cleavage pattern. Carbohyd. Polym. (doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.07.001)

S. Sreekumar, P. Lemke, B. M. Moerschbacher, S. Torres-Giner, J. M. Lagarón (2017). Preparation and optimization of submicron chitosan capsules by water-based electrospraying for food and bioactive packaging applications. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Asses. (doi: 10.1080/19440049.2017.1347284)

J. Wattjes, B. Schindler, S. Trombotto, L. David, B. M. Moerschbacher, I. Compagnon (2017). Discrimination of patterns of N-acetylation in chitooligosaccharides by gas phase IR spectroscopy integrated to mass spectrometry. Pure Appl. Chem. (doi: 10.1515/pac-2017-0110)

R. L. J. Melcher, M. Neumann, J. P. Fuenzalida Werner, F. Gröhn, B. M. Moerschbacher (2017). Revised domain structure of ulvan lyase and characterization of the first ulvan binding domain. Scientific Reports. (doi:10.1038/srep44115)

I. Muños, C. Rodríguez, D. Gillet, B. M. Moerschbacher (2017). Erratum to: Life cycle assessment of chitosan production in India and Europe. Int J Life Cycle Assess. (doi:10.1007/s11367-017-1290-2)

S. Cord-Landwehr, P. Ihmor, A. Niehues, H. Luftmann, B. M. Moerschbacher, M. Mormann (2017). Quantitative Mass-Spectrometric Sequencing of Chitosan Oligomers Reveals Cleavage Sites of Chitosan Hydrolases. Anal. Chem. (doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b04183)

S. S. Thimoteo, A. Glogauer, H. Faoro, E. M. de Souza, L. F. Huergo, B. M. Moerschbacher, F. O. Pedrosa (2017). A broad pH range and processive chitinase from a metagenome library. Braz J Med Biol Res. (doi: 10.1590/1414-431x20165658)

S. Cord-Landwehr, R. L. J. Melcher, S. Kolkenbrock, B. M. Moerschbacher (2016). A chitin deacetylase from the endophytic fungus Pestalotiopsis sp. efficiently inactivates the elicitor activity of chitin oligomers in rice cells. Scientific Reports. (doi: 10.1038/srep38018)

Naqvi S., S. Cord-Landwehr, R. Singh, F. Bernard, S. Kolkenbrock, N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher (2016). A recombinant fungal chitin deacetylase produces fully defined chitosan oligomers with novel patterns of acetylation. Appl. Environm. Microbiol. (doi: 10.1128/AEM.01961-16)

Matano C., S. Kolkenbrock, S. Hamer, E. Sgobba, B. M. Moerschbacher, V. F. Wendisch (2016). Corynebacterium glutamicum possesses β-N-acetylglucosaminidase. BMC Microbiology (doi: 10.1186/s12866-016-0795-3)

Das S. N., M. Wagenknecht, P. K. Nareddy, B. Bhuvanachandra, R. Niddana, R. Balamurugan, M. J. Swamy, B. M. Moerschbacher, A. R. Podile (2016). Amino groups of chitosan are crucial for binding to a family 32 carbohydrate binding module of a chitosanase from Paenibacillus elgii. J. Biol. Chem. (doi: 10.1074/jbc.M116.721332)

Melcher R. L. J., B. M. Moerschbacher (2016). An improved microtiter plate assay to monitor the oxidative burst in monocot and dicot plant cell suspension cultures. Plant Methods 12:5 (doi: 10.1186/s13007-016-0110-1)

Santos-Carballal B., M. J. Swamy, B. M. Moerschbacher, F. M. Goycoolea (2016). SYBR gold fluorescence quenching is a sensitive probe of chitosan-microRNA interactions. J. Fluoresc. 26: 37-42 (doi: 10.1007/s10895-015-1697-8)

Fuenzalida J. P., P. K. Nareddy, I. Moreno-Villoslada, B. M. Moerschbacher, M. J. Swamy, S. Pand, M. Ostermeier, F. M. Goycoolea (2016). On the role of alginate structure in complexing with lysozyme and application for enzyme delivery. Food Hydrocoll. 53: 239-248 (

Madhuprakash J., N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher, A. R. Podile (2015). Production of bioactive oligosaccharides from chitosans using hypertransglycosylating chitinase-D of Serratia proteamaculans and its mutant W114A. Bioresource Technol. 198: 503-509 (doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2015.09.052)

Madhuprakash J., K. B. Bobbili, B. M. Moerschbacher, T. P. Singh, M. J. Swamy, A. R. Podile (2015). Inverse relationship between chitobiase and transglycosylation activities of chitinase-D from Serratia proteamaculans revealed by mutational and biophysical analyses. Sci. Rep. 5: 15657 (doi: 10.1038/srep15657)

Naqvi S., B. M. Moerschbacher (2015). The cell factory approach towards biotechnological production of high-value chitosan oligomers and their derivatives: an update. Crit. Rev. Biotechnol. (in press)

Santos-Carballal B., L. J. Aaldering, M. Ritzefeld, S. Pereira, N. Sewald, B. M. Moerschbacher, M. Götte, F. M. Goycoolea (2015). Physicochemical and biological characterization of chitosan-microRNA nanocomplexes for gene delivery to MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Sci. Rep. 5: 13567 (doi: 10.1038/srep13567)

Langner T., M. Ozturk, S. Hartmann, S. Cord-Landwehr, B. M. Moerschbacher, J. D. Walton, V. Gohre (2015). Chitinases are essential for cell separation in Ustilago maydis. Eukaryot. Cell 14: 846-857 (doi: 10.1128/EC.00022-15)

Nampally, M., M. B. G. Rajulu, D. Gillet, T. S. Suryanarayanan, B. M. Moerschbacher (2015). A high diversity in chitinolytic and chitosanolytic species and enzymes and their oligomeric products exist in soil with a history of chitin and chitosan exposure. BioMed. Res. Int. 2015: 857639 (doi:10.1155/2015/857639)

Kleine-Brueggeney H., G. K. Zorzi, T. Fecker, N. E. El-Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher, F. M. Goycoolea (2015). A rational approach towards the design of chitosan-based nanoparticles obtained by ionotropic gelation. Colloid Surface B 135: 99-108 (doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2015.07.016)

Kaiser M., S. Pereira, L. Pohl, S. Ketelhut, B. Kemper, C. Gorzelanny, H. J. Galla, B. M. Moerschbacher, F. M. Goycoolea (2015). Chitosan encapsulation modulates the effect of capsaicin on the tight junctions of MDCK cells. Sci. Rep. 5: 10048 (doi:10.1038/srep10048)

Hamer S., S. Cord-Landwehr, X. Biarnés, A. Planas, H. Waegeman, B. M. Moerschbacher, S. Kolkenbrock (2015). Enzymatic production of defined chitosan oligomers with a specific pattern of acetylation using a combination of chitin oligosaccharide deacetylases. Sci. Rep. 5: 8716 (doi: 10.1038/srep08716)

Prabhu S. A., M. Wagenknecht, P. Melvin, G. Kumar B.S., M. Veena, S. Sekhar, B. M. Moerschbacher, R. K. Kini (2015). Immuno-affinity purification of PglPGIP1, a polygalacturonase-inhibitor protein from pearl millet: studies on its inhibition of fungal polygalacturonases and role in resistance against the downy mildew pathogen. Mol. Biol. Rep. 42: 1123-1138 (doi: 10.1007/s11033-015-3850-5)

Madhuprakash J., N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher, A. R. Podile (2015). Catalytic efficiency of chitinase-D on insoluble chitinous substrates was improved by fusing auxiliary domains. PLoS One 10: e0116823 (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116823

Leufken C.M., S., B. M. Moerschbacher, Dirks-Hofmeister M. E. (2015). Dandelion PPO-1/PPO-2 domain-swaps: the C-terminal domain modulates the pH optimum and the linker affects SDS-mediated activation and stability. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. (doi:10.1016/.bbapap.2014.11.007)

Hamer, S. N., Cord-Landwehr, S., Biarnes, X., Planas, A., Waegeman, H., B. M. Moerschbacher, S. Kolkenbrock (2015). Enzymatic production of defined chitosan oligomers with a specific pattern of acetylation using a combination of chitin oligosaccharide deacetylase. Scientific reports. (doi:10.1038/srep08716)

Remoroza, C.*, Wagenknecht, M.*, Buchholt, H.C., Moerschbacher, B.M., Schols, H.A., and Gruppen, H. (* equal contribution) (2015) Mode of action of Bacillus licheniformis pectin methylesterase on highly methylesterified and acetylated pectins. Carbohydr. Pol. (doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.09.016)

Prabhu, S.A., Wagenknecht, M., Prasad, M., Gnanesh, K.B.S., Mariswamy, V., Shailasree, S., Moerschbacher, B.M., and Ramachandra, K.K. (2015). Immuno-affinity purification of PglPGIP1, a polygalacturonase-inhibitor protein (PGIP) from pearl millet: studies on its inhibition of fungal polygalacturonases and role in resistance against downy mildew pathogen. Mol. Biol. Rep., (doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.09.016)

J. Stöveken, R. Singh, S. Kolkenbrock, M. Zakrzewski, D. Wibberg, F.G. Eikmeyer, A. Pühler, A. Schlüter, B.M. Moerschbacher (2014). Successful heterologous expression of a novel chitinase identified by sequence analyses of the metagenome from a chitin-enriched soil sample. J. Biotechnol(doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2014.09.010.)

Hamer, S. N., B. M. Moerschbacher, S. Kolkenbrock (2014). Enzymatic sequencing of partially acetylated chitosan oligomers. Carbohydr. Res. 392: 16–20. (doi: 10.1016/j.carres.2014.04.006)

Fuenzalida, J.P., T. Weikert, S. Hoffmann, C. Vila-Sanjurjo, B.M. Moerschbacher, F.M. Goycoolea, S. Kolkenbrock (2014). Affinity Protein-Based FRET Tools for Cellular Tracking of Chitosan Nanoparticles and Determination of the Degree of Acetylation. Biomacromolecules. (doi: 10.1021/bm500394v)

Prabhu S. A., R. Singh, S. Kolkenbrock, N. Sujeeth, N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher, K. R. Kini, M. Wagenknecht (2014). Experimental and bioinformatic characterization of a recombinant polygalacturonase-inhibitor protein from pearl millet and its interction with fungal polygalacturonases. J. Exp. Bot. (doi: 10.1093/jxb/eru266)

Dirks-Hofmeister M. E., R. Singh, C. M. Leufken, J. K. Inlow, B. M. Moerschbacher (2014). Structural diversity in the dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) polyphenol oxidase family results in rifferent responses to model substrates. PLoS ONE  9(6): e99759 (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0099759)

Andrés E., D. Albesa-Jové, X. Biarnés, B. M. Moerschbacher, M. E. Guerin, A. Planas (2014).  Structural basis of chitin oligosaccharide deacetylation. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 53: 6882-6887 (doi: 10.1002/anie.201400220)

Kool M. M., H. A. Schols, M. Wagenknecht, S. W. A. Hinz, B. M. Moerschbacher, H. Gruppen (2014). Characterization of an acetyl esterase from Mycellophthora thermophila C1 able to deacetylate xanthan. Carbohydr. Pol. 111:222-229 (doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.04.064)  

Remoroza, C., M. Wagenknecht, F. Gu, H. C. Buchholt, B. M. Moerschbacher, H. Gruppen (2014). A Bacillus licheniformis pectin acetylesterase is specific for homogalacturonans acetylated at O-3. Carbohydr. Pol. 107: 85-93 (doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.02.006)

Dirks-Hofmeister M. E., S. Kolkenbrock, B. M. Moerschbacher (2013). Parameters that enhance the bacterial expression of active plant polyphenol oxidases. PLoS ONE 8(10): e7791 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0077291)

Subha Narayan D., M. P. Jogi, P. V. S. R. N. Sarma, P. Pallinti, S. Katta, M. Kaur, R. Samudrala, N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher, A. R. Podile (2013). Biotechnological approaches for field applications of chitooligosaccharides (COS) to induce innate immunity in plants. Crit. Rev. Biotechnol. (doi:10.3109/07388551.2013.798255)

Brunel F., N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher (2013). Complexation of copper(ll) with chitosan nanogels: towards control of microbial growth. Carbohydr. Polym. 92: 1348-1356 (doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.10.025)

Dirks-Hofmeister M. E., J. K. Inlow, B. M. Moerschbacher (2012). Site-directed mutagenesis of a tetrameric dandelion polyphenol oxidase (PPO-6) reveals the site of subunit interaction. Plant Mol. Biol. 80: 203-217 (doi: 10.1007/s11103-012-9943-9)

Nampally M., B. M. Moerschbacher, S. Kolkenbrock (2012). A novel genetically engineered chitosan affinity GFP-fusion protein to specifically detect chitosan in vitro and in situ. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 78: 3114-3119 (doi: 10.1128/AEM.07506-11)

Prabhu S. A., K. R. Kini, S. N. Raj, B. M. Moerschbacher, H. S. Shetty (2012). Polygalacturonase-inhibitor proteins in pearl millet: possible involvement in resistance against downy mildew. Acta Biochim. Biophys. Sin. 44: 415-423 (doi: 10.1093/abbs/gms015)

Richter C., M. E. Dirks, C. Schulze Gronover, D. Prüfer, B. M. Moerschbacher (2012). Silencing and heterologous expression of Toppo-2 indicate a specific function of a single polyphenol oxidase isoform in resistance of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) against Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 25: 200-210

Oliveira E. N. J., N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher, T. T. Franco (2012). Growth rate inhibition of phytopathogenic fungi by characterized chitosans. Braz. J. Microbiol. 43: 800-809

Remoroza C., S. Cord-Landwehr, A.G.M. Leijdekkers, B. M. Moerschbacher, H. A. Schols, H. Gruppen (2012). Combined HILIC-ELSD/ESI-MSn enables the separation, identification and quantification of sugar beet pectin derived oligomers. Carbohydr. Polym. 90: 41-48

Bröker, K., S. Fehser, K. B. Tenberge, B. M. Moerschbacher (2011). Two class III chitin synthases specifically localized in appressoria and haustoria of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici. Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol. 76: 27-33

Rajulu M. B. G., N. Thirunavukkarasu, T. S. Suryanarayanan, J. P. Ravishankar, N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher (2011). Chitinolytic enzymes of endophytic fungi. Fung. Div. 47: 43-53

Fehser, S., B. M. Moerschbacher (2010). Expression of green fluorescent protein in the obligately biotrophic fungal plant pathogen Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici. J. Plant Dis. Protect. 117: 258-260

Gorzelanny, C., B. Pöppelmann, K. Pappelbaum, B. M. Moerschbacher, S. W. Schneider (2010). Human macrophage activation triggered by chitotriosidase-mediated chitin and chitosan degradation. Biomaterials 31: 8556-8563

Fehser, S., U. Beike, J. Stöveken, Z. A. Pretorius, A. J. van der Westhuizen, B. M. Moerschbacher (2010). Histological and initial molecular analysis of Ug99, the Sr31-breaking race of the wheat stem rust fungus. J. Plant Pathol. 92: 709-720

Mertens, M., S. Amler, B. M. Moerschbacher, R. Brehler (2010). Cross-reactive Carbohydrate Determinants strongly affect the results of the basophil activation test in hymenoptera-venom allergy. Clin. Exp. Allergy 40: 1333-1345

Paulert, R., D. Ebbinghaus, C. Urlass, B. M. Moerschbacher (2010). Priming of the oxidative burst in rice and wheat cell cultures by ulvan, a polysaccharide from green macroalgae, and enhanced resistance against powdery mildew in wheat and barley plants. Plant Pathol. 59: 634-642

Neeraja, C., S. Rajagopal, B. M. Moerschbacher, A. R. Podile (2010). Swapping of the chitin-binding domain in Bacillus chitinases improves the substrate binding affinity and conformational stability. Mol. BioSystems 6: 1492-1502

Neeraja, C., B. M. Moerschbacher, A. R. Podile (2010). Fusion of cellulose binding domain to the catalytic domain improves the activity and conformational stability of chitinase in Bacillus licheniformis DSM 13. Bioresource Technol. 101: 3635-3641

Ruschel, A. R., F. Bernard, R. O. Nodari, B. M. Moerschbacher (2009). The genetic status of Sorocea bonplandii in the highly fragmented forest in southern Brazil. Sci. Forest. 37: 151-161

Wahler, D., C. Schulze Gronover, C. Richter, F. Foucu, R. M. Twyman, B. M. Moerschbacher, R. Fischer, J. Muth, D. Prüfer (2009). Polyphenoloxidase silencing affects latex coagulation in Taraxacum spp. Plant Physiol. 151: 334-346

dos Santos, A. L., N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher (2008). Partially acetylated chitosan oligo- and polymers induce an oxidative burst in suspension cultured cells of the gymnosperm Araucaria angustifolia. Biomacromolecules 9: 3411-3415. [Google Scholar]

Oliveira, E. N. Junior, N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher, M. G. Peter, T. T. Franco (2008). Growth of phytopathogenic fungi in the presence of partially acetylated chitooligosaccharides. Mycopathologia 166: 163-174. [Google Scholar]

Moldenhauer, J., Z. Pretorius, B. M. Moerschbacher, R. Prins, A. van der Westhuizen (2008). Histopathology and PR-protein markers provide insight into adult plant resistance to stripe rust of wheat. Mol. Plant Pathol. 9: 137-145 correction: Mol. Plant Pathol. 9: 561. [Google Scholar]

Santos, A. L. W., N. Steiner, M. P. Guerra, K. Zoglauer, B. M. Moerschbacher (2008). Morphogenesis in immature and mature zygotic embryos of Araucaria angustifolia, an endangered brazilian subtropical conifer. Biol. Plant. 52: 195-199. [Google Scholar]

Gorzelanny, C., B. Pöppelmann, E. Strozyk, B. M. Moerschbacher, S. W. Schneider (2007). Specific interaction between chitosan and matrix metalloprotease 2 decreases the invasive activity of human melanoma cells. Biomacromolecules 8: 3035-3040. [Google Scholar]

Lenhert, S., A. Sesma, M. Hirtz, L. Chi, H. Fuchs, H. P. Wiesmann, A. E. Osbourn, B. M. Moerschbacher (2007). Capillary induced contact guidance. Langmuir 23: 10216-10223. [Google Scholar]

Ruschel A. R., R.O. Nodari, B. M. Moerschbacher (2007). The genetic structure of Sorocea bonplandii in Southern Brazilian forest fragments: AFLP diversity. Silvae Genetica 56: 51-58. [Google Scholar]

Menden B., M. Kohlhoff, B. M. Moerschbacher (2007). Wheat cells accumulate a syringyl-rich lignin during the hypersensitive resistance response. Phytochemistry 68: 513-520. [Google Scholar]

Ruschel A. R., R. O. Nodari, B. M. Moerschbacher (2007). Woody plant species richness in the Turvo State Park, a large remnant of deciduous atlantic forest, Brazil. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 1699-1714. [Google Scholar]

Bröker K., S. Fehser, B. M. Moerschbacher (2006). Survey and expression-analysis of five new chitin synthase genes in the biotrophic rust fungus Puccinia graminis. Current Genetics 50: 295-305. [Google Scholar]

Reisige K., C. Gorzelanny, U. Daniels, B. M. Moerschbacher (2006). Octacosanal, a morphogenetically active component involved in multiple surface recognition for infection structure differentiation in the wheat stem rust fungus. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 68: 33-40. [Google Scholar]

Ortmann I., U. Conrath, B. M. Moerschbacher (2006). Exopolysaccharides of Pantoea agglomerans have different priming and eliciting activities in suspension-cultured cells of monocots and dicots. FEBS Letters 580: 4491-4494. [Google Scholar]

Ruschel A. R., B. M. Moerschbacher, R. O. Nodari (2006). Demography of Sorocea bonplandii in seasonal deciduous forests, Southern Brazil. Scientia Forestalis 70: 149-159. [Google Scholar]

Ortmann, I., B. M. Moerschbacher (2006). Spent growth medium of Pantoea agglomerans primes wheat suspension cells for augmented accumulation of hydrogen peroxide and enhanced peroxidase activity upon elicitation. Planta 224: 963-970. [Google Scholar]

Santos, A. L. W., N. Wiethölter, N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher (2006). Protein expression during seed development in Araucaria angustifolia: transient accumulation of class IV chitinases and arabinogalactan proteins. Physiol. Plant. 127: 138-148. [Google Scholar]

Moldenhauer, J., B. M. Moerschbacher, A. J. van der Westhuizen (2006). Histological investigation of stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici) development in resistant and susceptible wheat cultivars. Plant Pathol. 55: 469-474. [Google Scholar]

Bröker, K., F. Bernard, B. M. Moerschbacher (2006). An EST library from Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici reveals genes potentially involved in fungal differentiation. FEMS Microbiology Letters 256: 273-281. [Google Scholar]

Ruschel, A. R., M. P. Guerra, B. M. Moerschbacher, R. O. Nodari (2005). Valuation and characterization of the timber species in remnants of the Alto Uruguay River ecosystem, southern Brazil. Forest Ecol. Management 217: 103-116. [Google Scholar]

Ortmann, I., G. Sumowski, H. Bauknecht, B. M. Moerschbacher (2004). Establishment of a reliable protocol for the quantification of an oxidative burst in suspension cultured wheat cells upon elicitation. Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol. 64: 227-232. [Google Scholar]

Wiethölter, N., B. Graeßner, M. Mierau, A. J. Mort, B. M. Moerschbacher (2003). Differences in the methyl ester distribution of homogalacturonans from near-isogenic wheat lines resistant and susceptible to the wheat stem rust fungus. Molec. Plant-Microbe Interact. 16: 945-952. [Google Scholar]

Wiethölter, N., B. Graeßner, M. Mierau, W. G. T. Willats, J. P. Knox, B. M. Moerschbacher (2003). Isolation and characterisation of the homogalacturonan from type II cell walls of the commelinoid monocot wheat using HF-solvolysis. Carbohydr. Res. 338: 423-431. [Google Scholar]

Wiethölter, N., S. Horn, K. Reisige, U. Beike (nee Fassin), B. M. Moerschbacher (2003). In vitro differentiation of haustorial mother cells of the wheat stem rust fungus Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, triggered by the synergistic action of chemical and physical signals. Fungal Genet. Biol. 38: 320-326. [Google Scholar]

El Gueddari, N. E., U. Rauchhaus, B. M. Moerschbacher, H. B. Deising (2002). Developmentally regulated conversion of surface-exposed chitin to chitosan in cell walls of plant pathogenic fungi. New Phytol. 156: 103-112. [Google Scholar]

Collins, T. J., B. M. Moerschbacher, N. D. Read (2001). Synergistic induction of wheat stem rust appressoria by chemical and topographical signals. Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol. 58: 259-266. [Google Scholar]

Moerschbacher, B. M., M. Mierau, B. Graeßner, U. Noll, A. J. Mort (1999). Small oligomers of galacturonic acid are endogenous suppressors of disease resistance reactions in wheat leaves. J. Exp. Bot. 50: 605-612. [Google Scholar]

Vander, P., K. M. Vårum, A. Domard, N. E. El Gueddari, B. M. Moerschbacher (1998). Comparison of the ability of partially N-acetylated chitosans and chitooligosaccharides to elicit resistance reactions in wheat leaves. Plant Physiol. 118: 1353-1359. [Google Scholar]

Reitz, M., D. Walters, B. Moerschbacher, D. J. Robbins b (1995). The effect of two synthetic putrescine analogues on germination and appressorium formation by uredospores of Uromyces viciae-fabae on artificial membranes. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 21: 285-287. [Google Scholar]

Reitz, M., D. Walters, B. Moerschbacher a (1995). Germination and appressorial formation by uredospores of Uromyces viciae-fabae exposed to inhibitors of polyamine biosynthesis. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 101: 573-578. [Google Scholar]

Moerschbacher, B. M., P. Vander, C. Springer, U. Noll, G. Schmittmann (1994). Photosynthesis in stem rust-infected, resistant and susceptible near-isogenic wheat leaves. Can. J. Bot. 72: 990-997. [Google Scholar]

Heisterüber, D., P. Schulte, B. M. Moerschbacher (1994). Soluble carbohydrates and invertase activity in stem rust-infected, resistant and susceptible near-isogenic wheat leaves. Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol. 44: 111-123. [Google Scholar]

Fasters, M., U. Daniels, B. M. Moerschbacher (1993). A simple and reliable method for growing the wheat stem rust fungus, Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, in liquid culture. Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol. 42: 259-265. [Google Scholar]

Mort, A. J., B. M. Moerschbacher, M. L. Pierce, N. O. Maness (1991). Problems encountered during the extraction, purification, and chromatography of pectic fragments, and some solutions to them. Carbohydr. Res. 215: 219-227. [Google Scholar]

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Moerschbacher, B. M., U. Noll, C. A. Ocampo, B. E. Flott, U. Gotthardt, A. Wüstefeld, H. J. Reisener (1990). Hypersensitive lignification response as the mechanism of non-host resistance of wheat against oat crown rust. Physiol. Plant. 78: 609-615. [Google Scholar]

Moerschbacher, B. M., U. Noll, L. Gorrichon, H. J. Reisener (1990). Specific inhibition of lignification breaks hypersensitive resistance of wheat to stem rust. Plant Physiol. 93: 465-470. [Google Scholar]

Sutherland, M. W., B. J. Deverall, B. M. Moerschbacher, H. J. Reisener (1989). Wheat cultivar and chromosomal selectivity of two types of eliciting preparations from rust pathogens. Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol. 35: 535-541. [Google Scholar]

Moerschbacher, B. M., U. Witte, D. Königs, H. J. Reisener b (1989). Changes in the level of enzyme activities involved in lignin biosynthesis during the temperature sensitive resistance response of wheat (Sr6) to stem rust (P6). Plant Sci. 65: 183-190. [Google Scholar]

Streuter, N., B. M. Moerschbacher, Y. Fischer, U. Noll, H. J. Reisener (1989). Fructose-2,6-bisphosphate in wheat leaves infected with stem rust. J. Plant Physiol. 134: 254-257. [Google Scholar]

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Flott, B. E., B. M. Moerschbacher, H. J. Reisener (1989). Peroxidase isoenzyme patterns of resistant and susceptible wheat leaves following stem rust infection. New Phytol. 111: 413-421. [Google Scholar]

Moerschbacher, B. M., U. M. Noll, B. E. Flott, H. J. Reisener (1988). Lignin biosynthetic enzymes in stem rust infected, resistant and suscpetible near-isogenic wheat lines. Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol. 33: 33-46. [Google Scholar]

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