Heins, N., Pomp, J., Kluger, D.S., Trempler, I., Zentgraf, K., Raab, M., Schubotz, R.I. (2020) Incidental or intentional? Different brain responses to one's own action sounds in hurdling vs. tap dancing. Frontiers in Neuroscience,14:483, doi: 10.3389/fnins.2020.00483 PDF

Kluger, D. S, Broers, N, Roehe, M. A, Wurm, M.F., Busch, N. A., Schubotz, R.I. (2020) Exploitation of local and global information in predictive processing. PLOS ONE, 15(4), doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231021 PDF

Trempler,I. , Bürkner,P.-C., El-Sourani,N., Binder,E., Reker,P., Fink,G.R., Schubotz,R. I., (2020) Impaired context-sensitive adjustment of behaviour in Parkinson's disease patients tested on and off medication: an fMRI study. NeuroImage, 212, 116674. doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116674  PDF

El-Sourani,N., Trempler,I., Wurm,M.F., Fink,G.R., Schubotz,R.I., (2020) Predictive Impact of Contextual Objects during Action Observation: Evidence from Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 32:2, pp. 326–337. doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_01480 PDF


Meinert, S., Repple, J., Nenadic, I., Krug, A., Jansen, A., Grotegerd, D., Förster, K., Enneking, V., Dohm, K., Schmitt, S., Stein, F., Brosch, K., Meller, T., Redlich, R., Böhnlein, J., Sindermann, L., Goltermann, J., Leehr, E.J., Opel, N., Aldermann, L., Reuter, A., Schubotz, R.I., Hahn, T., Kircher, T., Dannlowski, U., (2019) Reduced fractional anisotropy in depressed patients due to childhood maltreatment rather than diagnosis. Neuropsychopharmacology 0:1–8; doi.org/10.1038/s41386-019-0472-y.   PDF

Salo, K.I., Scharfen, J., Wilden, I.D., Schubotz, R.I., Holling, H., (2019) Confining the Concept of Vascular Depression to Late-Onset Depression: A Meta-Analysis of MRI-Defined Hyperintensity Burden in Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar Disorder. Frontiers in Psychology, 10:1241. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01241.

Materna, L., Wiesner, C.D., Shushakova, A., Trieloff, J., Weber, N., Engell, A., Schubotz, R.I., Bauer, J., Pedersen, A., Ohrmann, P., (2019) Adult patients with ADHD differ from healthy controls in implicit, but not explicit, emotion regulation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. DOI: 10.1503/jpn.180139.  PDF

Kluger D.S., Quante L., Kohler, A., Schubotz R.I. (2019) Being right matters: Model-compliant events in predictive processing. PLOS ONE, 14(6): e0218311.   PDF


Quante L., Kluger D.S., Bürkner P.C., Ekman M., Schubotz R.I. (2018) Graph measures in task-based fMRI: Functional integration during read-out of visual and auditory information. PLOS ONE, 13(11): e0207119. PDF

Hagelweide, K., Schönberger, A.R., Kracht, L., Gründler, T., Fink, G.R., Schubotz, R.I. (2018). Motor cognition in patients treated with subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation: Limits of compensatory overactivity in Parkinson's disease Corresponding.  Neuropsychologia, 117, 491-499.  PDF

Trempler, I., Binder, E., El-Sourani, N., Schiffler, P., Tenberge, J.-G., Schiffer, A.-M., Fink, G.R., Schubotz, R.I. (2018). Association of grey matter changes with stability and flexibility of prediction in akinetic-rigid Parkinson's disease. Brain Structure and Function, 223(5), 2097-2111. PDF

El-Sourani, N., Wurm, M. F., Trempler, I., Fink, G.R., & Schubotz, R.I. (2018). Making sense of objects lying around: How contextual objects shape brain activity during action observation. NeuroImage, 167, 429-437 PDF

Wurm, M. F. & Schubotz, R. I. (2018). The role of the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) in action observation: Agent detection rather than visuospatial transformation. NeuroImage, 165, 48-55. PDF


Kluger, D. S. & Schubotz, R. I. (2017). Strategic adaptation to non-reward prediction error qualities and irreducible uncertainty in fMRI. Cortex, 97, 32-48. PDF

Wurm, M. F., & Schubotz, R. I. (2017). What’s she doing in the kitchen? Context helps when actions are hard to recognize. Psychonomic bulletin & review, 24(2), 503-509.  PDF

Wurm, M. F., Artemenko, C., Giuliani, D., & Schubotz, R. I. (2017). Action at its place: Contextual settings enhance action recognition in 4-to 8-year-old children. Developmental psychology, 53(4), 662. PDF


Trempler, I., Schiffer, A. M., El-Sourani, N., Ahlheim, C., Fink, G. R., & Schubotz, R. I. (2016). Frontostriatal contribution to the interplay of flexibility and stability in serial prediction. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 29(2), 298-309.  PDF

Ahlheim, C., Schiffer, A.-M., Schubotz., R.I. (2016). Prefrontal cortex activation reflects efficient exploitation of higher-order statistical structure. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 28(12), 1909-1922. PDF


Schiffer, A.F., Nevado-Holgado, A.J., Johnen, A., Schönberger, A.R., Fink, G.R., & Schubotz, R.I. (2015). Intact action segmentation in Parkinson's disease: hypothesis testing using a novel computational approach. Neuropsychologia, 78, 29-40. PDF

Schönberger, A.R., Hagelweide, K., Pelzer, E.A., Fink, G.R., & Schubotz, R.I. (2015). Motor loop dysfunction causes impaired cognitive sequencing in patients suffering from Parkinson's disease. Neuropsychologia, 77, 409-420. PDF

Schubotz, R. I. (2015). Neural Systems Underlying the Prediction of Complex Events. In M. Nadin (Ed.), Cognitive Systems Monographies: Anticipation Across Disciplines, Vol. 29, Chapter 7. PDF

Hrkać, M., Wurm, M. F., Kühn, A. B., & Schubotz, R. I. (2015) Objects mediate goal integration in ventrolateral prefrontal cortex during action observation. PLOS ONE, 10(7), e0134316. PDF

Schubotz, R. I. (2015). Prediction and Expectation. In A. W. Toga (Ed.), Brain Mapping: An Encyclopedic Reference (295-302). Academic Press: Elsevier. PDF


Kennel, C., Pizzera, A., Hohmann, T., Schubotz, R. I., Murgia, M., Agostini, T., & Raab, M. (2014). The perception of natural and modulated movement sounds. Perception, 43(8), 796-804. PDF

Wurm, M. F., Hrkać, M., Morikawa, Y., & Schubotz, R. I. (2014). Prediciting goals in action episodes attenuates BOLD response in inferior frontal and occipitotemporal cortex. Behavioral Brain Research, 274, 108-117. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2014.07.053 PDF

Schubotz, R. I., Wurm, M. F., Wittmann, M., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2014). Objects tell us what action we can expect: Dissociating brain areas for retrieval and exploitation of action knowledge during action observation in fMRI. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 636. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00636 PDF

Ahlheim, C., Stadler, W., & Schubotz, R. I. (2014). Dissociating dynamic probability and predictability in observed actions – an fMRI study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 273. PDF

Drolet, M., Fischer, J., & Schubotz, R. I. (2014). Recognizing the authenticity of emotional expression: F0 contour matters when you need to know. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00144 PDF

Hrkać, M., Wurm, M. F., & Schubotz, R. I. (2014). Action observers implicitly expect actors to act goal-coherently, even if they don't: an fMRI study. Human Brain Mapping, 35(5), 2178-2190. doi: 10.1002/hbm.22319 PDF

Schiffer, A.-M., Krause, K. H., & Schubotz, R. I. (2014). Surprisingly Correct: Unexpectedness of Observed Actions Activates the mPFC. Human brain mapping, 35(4), 1615-1629 PDF

Binder, E., Hagelweide, K., Wang, L. E., Kornysheva, K., Grefkes, C., Fink, G. R., & Schubotz, R. I. (2014). Sensory-guided motor tasks benefit from mental training based on serial prediction. Neuropsychologia, 54, 18-27. PDF


Schönberger, A. R., Barbe, M. T., Hagelweide, K., Kühn, A. B., Fink, G. R., Schubotz, R. I. (2013). Joint principles of motor and cognitive dysfunction in Parkinson's disease. Neuropsychologia, 51(8), 1417-25. PDF

Schiffer, A.-M., Ahlheim, C., Ulrichs, K., Schubotz, R. I. (2013). Neural changes when actions change: Adaptation of strong and weak expectations. Human Brain Mapping, 34(7), 1713-27. PDF

Drolet, M., Schubotz, R. I., & Fischer, J. (2013). Explicit authenticity and stimulus features interact to modulate BOLD response induced by emotional speech. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 13(2), 318-29.  PDF


Schubotz, R. I., Korb, F. M., Schiffer, A.-M., Stadler, W., von Cramon, D. Y. (2012). The fraction of an action is more than a movement: Neural signatures of event segmentation in fMRI. NeuroImage, 61(4), 1195-1205. PDF

Wurm, M. F., von Cramon, D. Y., & Schubotz, R. I. (2012). The context-object-manipulation triad: cross talk during action perception revealed by fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24(7), 1548-1559.  PDF

Kuehn, A. B., Schubotz, R. I. (2012). Temporally remote destabilization of prediction after rare breaches of expectancy. Human Brain Mapping, 33(8), 1812-20. PDF

Schiffer, A. M., Ahlheim, C., Wurm, M. F., Schubotz, R. I. (2012). Surprised at all the Entropy: Hippocampal, Caudate and Midbrain Contributions to Learning from Prediction Errors. PLOS ONE, 7(5), e36445. PDF

Drolet, M., Schubotz, R. I., Fischer, J. (2012). Authenticity Affects the Recognition of Emotions in Speech: behavioral and fMRI evidence. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 12(1), 140-50. PDF

Stadler, W., Ott, D. V., Springer, A., Schubotz, R. I., Schütz-Bosbach, S., Prinz, W. (2012). Repetitive TMS suggests a role of the human dorsal premotor cortex in action prediction. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 20. PDF

Wurm, M. F. & Schubotz, R. I. (2012). Squeezing lemons in the bathroom: contextual information modulates action recognition. NeuroImage, 59(2), 1551-9. PDF


Schubotz, R. I. (2011) Long-Term Planning and Prediction: Visiting a Construction Site in the Human Brain. Interdisciplinary Anthropology. Continuing Evolution of Man (W. Welsch, W. J. Singer, A. Wunder, eds.) pp. 79-104. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.

Wurm, M. F., von Cramon, D. Y., & Schubotz, R. I. (2011). Do we mind other minds when we mind other mind's actions? An fMRI study. Human Brain Mapping, 32(12), 2141-50. PDF

Kornysheva, K. & Schubotz, R. I. (2011). Impairment of Auditory-motor Timing and Compensatory Reorganization after Ventral Premotor Cortex Stimulation. PLOS ONE, 6(6), e21421. PDF

Schiffer, A.-M. & Schubotz, R. I. (2011). Caudate nucleus signals for breaches of expectation in a movement observation paradigm. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 5, 38. PDF

Kornysheva, K., Schiffer, A.-M., & Schubotz. R. I. (2011). Inhibitory stimulation of the ventral premotor cortex temporarily interferes with musical beat rate preference. Human Brain Mapping, 32, 1300–1310. PDF

Bubic, A., Cramon, D. Y., & Schubotz, R. I. (2011). Exploring the detection of associatively novel events using fMRI. Human Brain Mapping, 32, 370–381. PDF

Stadler, W., Schubotz, R. I., von Cramon, D. Y., Springer, A., Graf, M., & Prinz, W. (2011). Predicting and Memorizing Observed Action: Differential Premotor Cortex Involvement. Human Brain Mapping, 32, 677–687. PDF


Bubic, A., von Cramon, D. Y., & Schubotz, R. I. (2010). Prediction, cognition and the brain. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 4, 1-15. PDF

Bubic, A., Bendixen, A., Schubotz, R. I., Jacobsen, T., & Schröger, E. (2010). Differences in processing violations of sequential and feature regularity as revealed by visual event-related potentials. Brain Research, 1317, 192-202. PDF

Schubotz, R. I., Anwander, A., Knösche, T. R., von Cramon, D. Y., & Tittgemeyer, M. (2010). Anatomical and functional parcellation of the human lateral premotor cortex. NeuroImage, 50(2), 396-408. PDF

Golde, M., von Cramon, D. Y., & Schubotz, R. I. (2010). Differential role of anterior prefrontal and premotor cortex in the processing of relational information. NeuroImage, 49(3), 2890-2900. PDF

Kornysheva, K., von Cramon, D. Y., Jacobsen, T., & Schubotz, R. I. (2010). Tuning-in to the beat: Aesthetic appreciation of musical rhythms correlates with a premotor activity boost. Human Brain Mapping, 31(1), 48-54. PDF

Abraham, A., Rakoczy, H., Werning, M., von Cramon, D. Y., & Schubotz, R. I. (2010). Matching mind to world and vice versa: Functional dissociations between belief and desire mental state processing. Social Neuroscience, 5, 1-18. PDF


Bubic, A., Cramon, D. Y., & Schubotz, R. I. (2009). Motor foundations of higher cognition: Similarities and differences in processing regular and violated perceptual sequences of different specificity. European Journal of Neuroscience, 30(12), 2407-2414. PDF

Bahlmann, J., Schubotz, R. I., Mueller, J. L., Koester, D., & Friederici, A. D. (2009). Neural circuits of hierarchical visuo-spatial sequence processing. Brain Research, 1298, 161-170. PDF

Fischer, J., Teufel, C., von Cramon, D. Y., Rübsamen, R. R., & Schubotz, R. I. (2009). Dissociation of orienting asymmetries and lateralized processing of sounds in humans. BMC Neuroscience, 10, 14. PDF

Schubotz, R. I. & von Cramon, D. Y. (2009). The case of pretense: Observing actions and inferring goals. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 21(4), 642-653. PDF

Schmidt-Kassow, M., Schubotz, R. I., & Kotz, S. A. (2009). Attention and Entrainment: The P3b varies as a function of temporal predictability. NeuroReport, 20(1), 31-36. PDF

Bubic, A., von Cramon, D. Y., Jacobsen, T., Schröger, E., & Schubotz, R. I. (2009). Violation of expectation: Neural correlates reflect bases of prediction. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 42(2), 525-534. PDF


Schubotz, R. I. (2008). Predicting events without miracle neurons: towards a sober consideration of brain data. Constructivist Foundations, 4(1), 21-23. PDF

Bahlmann, J., Schubotz, R. I., & Friederici, A. D. (2008). Hierarchical artificial grammar processing engages Broca's area. NeuroImage, 42(2), 525-34. PDF

Abraham, A., von Cramon, D. Y., & Schubotz, R. I. (2008). Thinking about the future versus the past in personal and non-personal contexts. Brain Research, 233, 106-19. PDF

Abraham, A., Werning, M., Rakoczy, H., von Cramon, D. Y., & Schubotz, R. I. (2008). Minds, persons, and space: An fMRI investigation into the relational complexity of higher-order intentionality. Consciousness and Cognition, 17, 438-50. PDF

Phillip, A. M., Kalinich, C., Koch, I., & Schubotz, R. I. (2008). Mixing costs and switch costs when switching stimulus dimensions in serial predictions. Psychological Research, 72(4), 405-14. PDF

Abraham, A., von Cramon, D. Y., & Schubotz, R. I. (2008). Meeting George Bush versus meeting Cinderella: The neural response when telling apart what is real from what is fictional in the context of our reality. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20(6), 965-76. PDF


Fagioli, S., Hommel, B., & Schubotz, R. I. (2007). Intentional control of attention: Action planning primes action-related stimulus dimensions. Psychological Research, 71(1), 22-29. PDF

De Bruijn, E. R. A., Schubotz, R. I., & Ullsperger, M. (2007). An event-related potential study on the observation of erroneous everyday actions. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 7(4), 278-285. PDF

Schubotz, R. I. (2007). Prediction of external events with our motor system: towards a new framework. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11(5), 211-218. PDF

Wolfensteller U., Schubotz R. I., von Cramon D. Y. (2007). Understanding non-biological dynamics with your own premotor system. NeuroImage, 36(Suppl 2), T33-T43. PDF


Fiebach, C. J. & Schubotz, R. I. (2006). Dynamic anticipatory processing of hierarchical sequential events: a common role for Broca's area and ventral premotor cortex across domains? Cortex, Special Issue, 42(4), 499-502. PDF

Schubotz, R. I. & Fiebach, C. J. (2006). [Editorial]. Integrative models of Broca's area and the ventral premotor cortex. Cortex, Special Issue, 42 (4), 461-463. PDF

Volz, K. G., Schooler, L. J., Schubotz, R. I., Raab, M., Gigerenzer, G., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2006). Why you think Milan is larger than Modena: Neural correlates of the recognition heuristic. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18(11), 1924-1936. PDF

Volz, K. G., Schubotz, R. I., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2006). Decision-making and the frontal lobes. Current Opinion in Neurology, 19 (4), 401-406. PDF

Jacobsen, T., Schubotz, R. I., Höfel, L., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2006). Brain correlates of aesthetic judgment of beauty. NeuroImage, 29(1), 276-285. PDF Anmerkung: Bei dem hier verlinkten Pdf handelt es sich nicht um die Originaldatei, sondern um ein Merge aus dem Orginal (doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.07.010) und einem Corrigendum (doi:10.1016/j.NeuroImage.2006.03.008)

Friederici, A. D., Bahlmann, J., Heim, S., Schubotz, R. I., & Anwander A. (2006). The brain differentiates human and non-human grammars: Functional localization and structural connectivity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(7), 2458-2463. PDF


Volz, K. G., Schubotz, R. I., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2005). Variants of uncertainty in decision-making and their neural correlates. Brain Research Bulletin, 67(5), 403-412. PDF

Volz, K. G., Schubotz, R. I. & von Cramon, D. Y. (2005). Frontomedian activation depends on both feedback validity and valence: fMRI evidence for contextual feedback evaluation. NeuroImage , 27(3), 564-571. PDF

Schubotz, R. I. & von Cramon, D. Y. (2005). Premotor activation in fMRI: Duration and order in abstract stimulus sequences [german], Klinische Neurophysiologie, 36, 29-35. PDF

Sakreida, K., Schubotz, R. I., Wolfensteller, U., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2005). Motion class dependency in observers' motor areas revealed by functional MRI. The Journal of Neuroscience, 25(6), 1335-42. PDF


Schubotz, R. I. & von Cramon, D. Y. (2004). Brains have emulators with brains: emulation economized. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27, 414-415. PDF

Wolfensteller, U., Schubotz, R. I., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2004). "What" becoming "Where": fMRI evidence for pragmatic relevance driving premotor cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience, 24(46), 10431-10439. PDF

Schubotz, R. I., Sakreida, K., Tittgemeyer, M. & von Cramon, D. Y. (2004). Motor areas beyond motor performance: Deficits in sensory prediction following ventrolateral premotor lesions. Neuropsychology, 18(4), 638-645. PDF

Schubotz, R. I. & von Cramon, D. Y. (2004). Sequences of abstract non-biological stimuli share ventral premotor cortex with action observation and imagery. The Journal of Neuroscience, 24(24), 5467-5474. PDF

Volz, K. G., Schubotz, R. I. & von Cramon, D. Y. (2004). Why am I unsure? Internal and external attributions of uncertainty dissociated by fMRI. NeuroImage, 21, 848-857. PDF


Schubotz, R. I. & von Cramon, D. Y. (2003). Functional-anatomical concepts on human premotor cortex: Evidence from fMRI and PET studies. NeuroImage, 20, 120-131. PDF

Schubotz, R. I., von Cramon, D. Y., & Lohmann, G. (2003). Auditory what, where, and when: A sensory somatotopy in lateral premotor cortex. NeuroImage, 20, 173-185. PDF

Volz, K. G., Schubotz, R. I., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2003). Predicting events of varying probability: uncertainty investigated by fMRI. NeuroImage, 19, 271-280. PDF

Manthey, S., Schubotz, R. I., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2003). Premotor cortex in observing erroneous action: an fMRI study. Cognitive Brain Research, 15, 296-307. PDF


Schubotz, R. I. & von Cramon, D. Y. (2002). Dynamic patterns make the premotor cortex interested in objects: Influence of stimulus and task revealed by fMRI. Cognitive Brain Research, 14, 357-369. PDF

Schubotz, R. I. & von Cramon, D. Y. (2002). Predicting perceptual events activates corresponding motor schemes in lateral premotor cortex: an fMRI study. NeuroImage, 15, 787-796. PDF

Schubotz, R. I. & von Cramon, D. Y. (2002). A blueprint for target motion: fMRI reveals perceptual complexity to modulate a premotor-parietal network. NeuroImage, 16, 920-935. PDF


Schubotz, R. I. & von Cramon, D. Y. (2001). Interval and ordinal properties of sequences are associated with distinct premotor areas. Cerebral Cortex, 11, 210-222. PDF

Schubotz, R. I. & von Cramon, D. Y. (2001). Functional organization of the lateral premotor cortex: fMRI reveals different regions activated by anticipation of object properties, location and speed. Cognitive Brain Research, 11, 97-112. PDF


Schubotz, R. I., Friederici, A. D., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2000). Time perception and motor timing: a common cortical and subcortical basis revealed by event-related fMRI. NeuroImage, 11, 1-12. PDF


Schubotz, R. I. (1999). Instruction differentiates the processing of temporal and spatial sequential patterns: Evidence from slow wave activity in humans. Neuroscience Letters, 265, 1-4. PDF


Schubotz, R. I. & Friederici, A. D. (1997). Electrophysiological correlates of temporal and spatial information processing. NeuroReport, 8, 1981-1986. PDF