“The effect of Voluntary Sustainability Standards on the socioeconomic wellbeing of coffee producers in three Latin-American countries”
Coffee is one of the most important commodities in the world, representing a significant proportion of the total value of the exports in the producing countries (Lernoud et al., 2018; Ponte, 2002). Forecasts about global consumption predict that by 2050 the consumption of coffee will double or triple. This increase will come mostly from Southeast Asia and the traditional consumers (EU and USA) (Panhuysen&Pierrot, 2018). This increasing demand, combined to the ongoing process of climate change, and the current challenges producers face to be profitable (Ponte, 2002) put at risk the equilibrium of the coffee value chain, making necessary to think about the development of new strategies to achieve sustainably produced coffee. These strategies should aim for the survival and development of the livelihoods of millions of smallholders, as well as for the coverage of the increasing demand.
Based on this context, this study uses panel data and matching techniques to answer two main questions regarding the effect of six Voluntary Sustainability Standards (VSS) in the life of coffee producers and their families in three Latin-American countries. VSS are market-driven governance mechanisms in which non-state actors define the rules and norms. Even when they are called “voluntary”, studies suggest that these non-state actors can use their power to influence these mechanisms (Giessen, Burns, Sahide, &Wibowo, 2016). The first question is how are VSS affecting the socioeconomic wellbeing of coffee producers and their families? The second question examines the argument that VSS are easily adopted by better-off producers, thus, promoting inequality. Therefore, this second question states, do certifications affect differently the socioeconomic wellbeing of coffee producers, based on their characteristics?. Each VSS works under a theory of change, in other words, a proposed path to achieve sustainable coffee production and sourcing. In these theories of change, different interventions are implemented at the producer and organizational level, in order to contribute to the improvement of the quality of life of producers and their families, affecting the three pillars of sustainability (social, economic, and environmental). To answer these questions this study relies on the “Capability Approach” (CA) and the “Sustainable Livelihoods Framework” (SLF). The first framework provides a broad perspective about the concepts of development and sustainability, focused on the individual and her capabilities, while the second framework gives a practical approach to operationalize the concepts developed by the “Capability Approach”.
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2010 Lehrassistenz: Applied Data Analysis for Development and Household Economics, Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, USA. 2008-2010 Master of Arts in Sustainable International Development an der Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, USA. 2009-2010 Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin beim Projekt Tsimane' Amazonian Panel Study (TAPS) in Bolivien. 2008 Postgradueller Kurs: Statistics Tools for Research, Central American University José Simeón Cañas, El Salvador. 2001-2004 Bachelor of Science in Socioeconomic Development and Environmental Sciences an der Escuela Agrícola Panamericana, Zamorano, Honduras.
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- 2008: Kellog's Leadership Fellowship for the master's degree from Brandeis University.
- 2001: Scholarship for academic excellence FANTEL (El Salvador) for the bachelor's degree from Zamorano, Honduras.
- Bestimmungsfaktoren der Effektivität von Nachhaltigkeitszertifikaten für kleine Produzenten
- Die sozioökonomischen Auswirkungen von freiwilligen Nachhaltigkeitsschemata auf Familien (speziell Kinder) von kleinen Produzenten
- Social Policy Evaluation
- Auswirkungen von Policies und privaten Mechanismen der Governance auf die Ungleichheit auf lokaler und nationaler Ebene
Weitere berufliche Tätigkeiten
- 2016-2018: Monitoring and Evaluation Officer, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), El Salvador.
- 2015-2016: Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), El Salvador.
- 2011-2015: Monitoring and Evaluation Coordinator, Save the Children, El Salvador.
- 2010-2011: Research Specialist for the project "Strengthening the capacity of governmental and civil society for the comprehensive protection of children and adolescents with special emphasis on trafficking in children and adolescents".