Review of the Franz Delitzsch Lecture on November 28, 2022 by Professor Max Küchler (Emeritus).
The last Franz Delitzsch Lecture took place on November 28, 2022 in the lecture hall building of WWU, Schlossplatz 46 (Lecture Hall H4). Once again, we took advantage of hybrid opportunities to reach a wider audience.
It was a great pleasure for us to welcome Professor Dr. Max Küchler from Fribourg as this year's speaker. Max Küchler took us into the exciting world of Jewish coins at the time of the 1st and 2nd Jewish War and introduced us to their inscriptions and pictorial symbols. However, he did this through the detour of the interpretation of Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, a 17th century scholar who mistook these coins for coins from the Davidic and Solomonic periods. Along the way, the audience was introduced not only to the Jewish coins, but also to their convoluted paths through the centuries, along with their curious interpretations. We eagerly await the publication of the lecture.
Podcast episode of "News from the Old World"
Prof. Doering is the guest speaker. Information on the podcast project and the current episode can be found here.
Advance notice: Franz Delitzsch Lecture on November 28, 2022 - Professor Max Küchler, Fribourg
The next Franz Delitzsch Lecture on Monday, November 28, 2022 (6 p.m. s.t., H4 in the Lecture Hall Building), will be given by the renowned biblical scholar Max Küchler, Professor Emeritus at the Catholic Faculty of Theology of the Université de Fribourg in Switzerland. Max Küchler has done important research on early Jewish wisdom traditions and then became known primarily - in conjunction with the Old Testament scholar Othmar Keel, who also works in Fribourg - for the multi-volume study travel guide "Places and Landscapes of the Bible," of which Max Küchler was the sole author of the volume "Jerusalem" (2007, 2nd revised ed. 2014). Küchler spoke about Jerusalem in January 2014 in Münster in a lecture series on "Sacred Places" for which the Cluster of Excellence Religion and Politics was responsible. In 2022, Professor Küchler published the monograph "Geschichte der jüdischen Numismatik, Band 1: 2.-16. Jh. Historisches Vergessen - Jüdische Bewahrung - Europäische Entdeckung" in the series "Ioudaioi - Schriften des Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum" edited by Professor Doering.
Max Küchler will give his Franz Delitzsch Lecture on the following topic:
Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc (1580-1637) - The handling of ancient Hebrew coins by a 17th century "monster of scholarship".
In the 16th century, Hebrew-inscribed coins were rediscovered in Western scholarship of antiquity, imitated in imitations, supplemented by shekel medals, and expanded with biblical fancy coins, as presented in Volume I of the "History of Jewish Numismatics" (2022). The lecture now deals with the polymath Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, who was famous far and wide in France of the 17th century, i.e. about 400 years ago, and who, within his all-encompassing interests, also dealt with numismatics and, in the course of this, dealt with silver shekels and bronze coins with ancient Hebrew inscriptions, bought such and, as he says in a letter of Nov. 8, 1631 to Jean Morin (1591-1659), owned more than 30 specimens in the collections of his "Cabinet of Curiosities".
In a bundle of handwritten Latin texts entitled De Nummis. De Gemmis. Inscriptiones antiquae etc., two sheets by him are preserved in the Fonds Dupuy 667 of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, which, according to the title, present the "Ancient Silver and Bronze Coins of the Hebrews" (Hebraeorum Numismata Argentea et Aerea Antiqua). In all, he presents 21 coins, three whole, one half and six quarter shekels of silver and eleven bronze coins of various denominations. (N. B.: These are the precise subject of this lecture).
Since Fabri de Peiresc did not yet possess corpora of Jewish coins and thus had little means of comparison, he read and interpreted the coins he encountered and had traced in various collections in Italy and France in his own way: He copies the ancient Hebrew inscriptions, whose letters he calls Samaritan, then transcribes them into modern Hebrew and provides them with a Latin translation, while he describes the pictorial motifs, which are always correctly depicted, from his botanical, musicological, religious-historical, and - though rarely - biblical knowledge. In doing so, he always ignores the Jewish context of both the inscriptions and the pictorial motifs and knows nothing about the historical origin of the coins in the 1st and 2nd Jewish wars against the Romans (66-70 and 132-135/6 A.D.).
Thus, his explanations are indeed an important testimony for the existence of Jewish coins and their interpretation in the religious and secular scholarly world of the Christian West ... even if his readings and interpretations were to a large extent wrong and did not (yet) correspond to what we have today in terms of knowledge about Jewish numismatics.
We look forward to lively participation in presence, but there is also the possibility of digital connection.
After our annual company outings had to be cancelled twice in a row due to corona, we were all very happy to be able to spend an afternoon together on 26 August. This was also a good opportunity to get to know the new staff members at the institute.
We started at the IJD and walked along the Aasee to the Mühlenhof. The Mühlenhof is located on the outskirts of Münster in the recreation area at the Aasee. There we were taken by Mrs. Freese into the life on a Münster farm several centuries ago. We marveled at the buildings, some of which were 400 years old, such as the Gräftenhof, the old carpenter's and shoemaker's shop, the blacksmith's shop and much more. At the same time, we enjoyed the entertaining stories about life on the farm: Who had what duties? Who was allowed to marry whom? Why do people put their foot in their mouth and who has something up their sleeve? And much more.
To finish, we enjoyed Italian delicacies and drinks at the Aasee.
Field report about the research stay in Israel
John Dik (M.A.) and Florian Neitmann (Dipl.-Theol)
In the summer semester of 2022, we, John Dik and Florian Neitmann, were lucky enough to spend a research stay at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem as part of WWU's Erasmus plus cooperation with Israeli universities. Having already participated together in the "Study in Israel" program in 2016-17, we now climbed Mount Scopus for a second time to broaden our horizons in the study of ancient Judaism and to deepen our research in Jewish and early Christian apocalyptic.
This was also helped by our interactions with many leading experts in ancient Judaism, who are gathered in large numbers at the Hebrew University and who were always open and inviting to share ideas and perspectives on various texts and topics with us. Of course, living in the culturally and religiously diverse environment was again a stimulating experience. After all, in Jerusalem every stone tells a story, if not several - not to mention the people.
We are pleased that Erasmus plus now also enables exchanges with Israel and are looking forward to further joint projects and cooperation with the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
Luisa Riepenhausen (SHK) goes to Israel for one year - a report
After 6 months at the IJD I look back on a time full of experiences. I have come to appreciate the institute not only as a place to work, but also as a place to learn and study. The insights into the different research areas of the IJD have also encouraged me to study with "Studium in Israel e.V." for one year at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, in order to devote myself especially to Judaism and rabbinic literature. Currently, I have been in the country for a month, studying Ivrit in the intensive Ulpan and have already been able to visit the first excavation sites and synagogues and immerse myself in the culture of the country. I am looking forward to the time that lies ahead of me and will always remember the work in the IJD with pleasure.
Farewell of Yannick Golchert and Franziska Steiger - Introduction of the new student assistants
After many years of dedicated work at the IJD, we had to say goodbye to Yannick Golchert as a student assistant. He is now in preparation for his ecclesiastical exam. We wish him all the best and much success.
Another student assistant has also left the IJD. Franziska Steiger became mother of a daughter in February 2022. We as a team would like to congratulate her!
In return, new student assistants are now enriching the work at the institute. Hanna Antensteiner is studying Protestant Theology and Jewish Studies and is now employed at the Institute with three hours per week.
Kolja Damm, also a student of Protestant Theology, supports the IJD with five hours a week.
We are happy about the new support and look forward to a productive cooperation.
Professor Matthias Henze as a guest at the Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum
From July 5-7, 2022, Professor Matthias Henze, Isla Carroll & Percy E. Turner Professor of Biblical Studies and Director of the Program in Jewish Studies at Rice University, Houston, Texas, was a guest at the IJD. Professor Henze is a renowned specialist in the field of Jewish apocalyptic and one of the world's best experts on the 2nd (Syriac) Book of Baruch. Apart from discussions with Professor Doering about cooperation in this research area, which is also important for research at the IJD, Professor Henze gave a lecture at the Research Colloquium New Testament and Ancient Judaism on July 6, 2022, on the topic "Baruch's Lamentation over Jerusalem (2 Baruch 10-12) in the Context of Contemporary Lamentations."
Professor John R. (Jack) Levison as Humboldt Fellow Visiting Professor Doering.
During the months of June and July 2022, Professor Jack Levison, W. J. A. Power Chair at the Perkins School of Theology at Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas, stayed at IJD as Professor Doering's guest as part of a reinstatement of his Humboldt Research Fellowship. Jack Levison has made outstanding contributions to the study of pseudepigraphy, especially the lives of Adam and Eve, and has written important books on conceptions of the Holy Spirit in ancient Jewish and early Christian literature. Both topics were also the focus of his stay in Münster: on the one hand, Professor Levison worked on a monograph on the Greek Life of Adam and Eve during this time, and on the other hand, he gave a lecture at the Research Colloquium New Testament and Ancient Judaism on "The Holy Spirit Before Christianity" on June 15, 2022.
Farewell to Michaela Karpol - Reorganization of Ivrit teaching.
In addition to research in Ancient Judaism and the New Testament, the teaching of Modern Hebrew is a central concern of the IJD. Michaela Karpol has shared this concern for over ten years, introducing WWU students to Modern Hebrew. Due to professional reorientation, she has now resigned from her work at the IJD. We thank her for her dedication and cooperation.
The IJD has been able to add a competent and experienced language teacher, Anat Hammermann, for the summer semester 2022. As of the winter semester 2022/23, Ms. Hadar Cohen Kalinowski will take over an Ivrit course. Volker Konrad will continue to teach Ivrit.
New in the secretariat of the IJD: Ms. Claudia Deimann
In October 2021, Ms. Claudia Deimann succeeded Ms. Kerstin Böckenhoff MA. The trained banker has professional experience in a public administration and has been working in the Dean's Office of the Faculty of Protestant Theology since September 2020. Furthermore, she still takes over tasks in the study office of the Faculty of Protestant Theology. We wish Ms. Deimann all the best for her work in the IJD and are pleased about the enrichment in our institute.
Farewell of Laura von Bartenwerffer (Dipl.-Theol.)
After many years of working at the IJD, we had to say goodbye to Laura von Bartenwerffer. After working as a Student and Research Assistant at the Institute for three years (2014-2017), she was a Research Associate for three years (2018-2021). During this time, Laura von Bartenwerffer has been particularly responsible for the Institute's website, in addition to teaching duties, and has advanced the Institute's work with her eye for organizational matters. Her research focuses on conceptions of purity in Ancient Diaspora Judaism.
In December 2021, Laura von Bartenwerffer became mother of a son, for which we as the IJD team offer our heartfelt congratulations. From 01.10.2022 Laura von Bartenwerffer will start her vicariate in the congregation of Essen-Bergerhausen.
Volume on Jewish Numismatics by Professor em. Max Küchler (Université de Fribourg).
The already announced volume on the history of Jewish numismatics, rich in material, has now been published in the Institute's series Ioudaioi.
In memory of Diethard Aschoff (1937-2021)
On December 6, 2021, after a long illness, Prof. Dr. Diethard Aschoff, long-time staff member of the Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum (IJD), honorary professor of the Faculty of Protestant Theology of the WWU Münster and important researcher of the Jewish history of Westphalia, passed away. Diethard Aschoff was born in Frankfurt am Main on March 7, 1937. After studying Latin and history as well as Protestant theology in Munich and Heidelberg, he worked from 1969 to 1971 as a student teacher and assistant to Rabbi Dr. Bernhard Brilling, head of the Department for the History of German Jewry in Münster, which was affiliated with the IJD at the time, before receiving his doctorate in medieval history in Heidelberg in 1971. After an assistantship in medieval history in Heidelberg, he worked in the teaching profession from 1976 to 1993, most recently as a senior teacher at the Gymnasium Hammonense in Hamm. After Aschoff had already received a teaching assignment for the history of German Jewry at the WWU Münster from 1978, he was awarded the title of honorary professor in 1990. From 1997 to 2002 he was director of studies in university service at the IJD; on the occasion of his retirement he was honored with the Festschrift "Grenzgänge. Menschen und Schicksale zwischen jüdischer, christlicher und deutscher Identität" (ed. F. Siegert, Münster 2002). Diethard Aschoff had been a member of the Historical Commission on Westphalia since 1986 and received the Historian's Prize of the Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe in the same year.
Diethard Aschoff made a name for himself primarily through his research on the history of the Jews in Westphalia, with a special focus on Münster and its environs. Significant was his editorship of the series Westfalia Judaica, for which he published the first volume of Bernhard Brilling and Helmut Richterling, Quellen und Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in Westfalen und Lippe. 1005-1350, in 2nd edition 1992 supplemented by extensive addenda. In 2000, Aschoff's own edited vol. 3.1, Quellen und Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in der Stadt Münster 1530-1650/1662, was published, five years later his vol. 3.2, Quellen und Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in der Stadt Hamm. Von den Anfängen bis zur Zeit des großen Kurfürsten 1287-1664. In addition, Diethard Aschoff has brought the history and culture of the Jews in Westphalia to a wider audience, for example, through his collections of pictorial media or his Geschichte der Juden in Westfalen im Mittelalter (Münster 2006). Diethard Aschoff has also edited Marga Spiegel's well-known book, Retter in der Nacht, from the 3rd ed. and added explanatory notes (7th ed., Münster 2009). Diethard Aschoff has also rendered outstanding services to the illumination of Jewish life and Jewish past in other places of the Münsterland (in Laer, in the district of Borken, in the district of Coesfeld). His list of publications includes more than 180 essays on various topics and periods of Jewish history.
The Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum and the Faculty of Protestant Theology of the WWU Münster will keep Prof. Dr. Diethard Aschoff in honorable memory.
Münster, January 2022 Prof. Dr. Lutz Doering
Review of the Franz Delitzsch Lecture on November 29, 2021 by Professor Klaus Wengst.
The last Franz Delitzsch Lecture was held in hybrid form on November 29, 2021 in the lecture hall building of WWU, Schlossplatz 46 (Lecture Hall H2).
It was our great pleasure to welcome Prof. Dr. Klaus Wengst (Ruhr-Universität Bochum) as this year's lecturer. "On the Usefulness of Reading Rabbinic Texts for the Interpretation of the New Testament" was the thematic title of his Franz Delitzsch Lecture. This addressed an important, exciting and debatable topic of New Testament exegesis in the context of ancient Judaism and in the horizon of Christian-Jewish encounter. We were very pleased about the lively participation on site and also about Zoom.
Im Rahmen der 1700-Jahrfeier jüdischen Lebens in Deutschland führen Mitarbeitende des Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum sowie der Katholisch-Theologischen Fakultät der WWU Münster über den Jüdischen Friedhof in Münster.
Für diese Führungen unter der Überschrift „Haus des ewigen Lebens“ gestattet die Jüdische Gemeinde Münster Interessierten Zutritt zu dem ansonsten für die Öffentlichkeit verschlossenen Friedhof. Die Teilnehmer*innen erhalten Einblicke in die jüdische Begräbniskultur sowie in die jüdische Grabkunst. Anhand von einzelnen Grabsteinen werden außerdem Biografien mancher jüdischer Bürger*innen aus dem Münsterland nacherzählt und so das jüdische Leben in Münster auf besondere Weise entdeckt.
Die Teilnehmerzahl ist begrenzt. Eine Anmeldung für einen der beiden Termine ist bis zum 11.10.2021 unter folgender E-Mail-Adresse möglich: email@example.com.
Conference "Globalisation in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity: Theory and Practice" (12.-14.7.2021)
From July 12 to July 14, 2021, an international conference on "Globalisation in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity: Theory and Practice" was held in Münster, organized by Prof. Dr. Lutz Doering together with Dr. Bärry Hartog, former Humboldt Research Fellow at the IJD and Postdoctoral Researcher at the Protestantse Theologische Universiteit Groningen (PThU).
Presenters came not only from the Netherlands and Germany, but also from the USA, Canada, Israel, Austria and Denmark. Due to the pandemic situation, the conference was held hybrid, so that only some of the participants were on site in Münster. The conference was financed by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the PThU and the Internationalization Fund of the WWU Münster.
The conference was devoted to the question of whether, in what way, and with what yield theories of globalization, which in recent years have been increasingly discussed in ancient studies and archaeology, can be applied to ancient Judaism and early Christianity. In doing so, some of the contributions dealt with theoretical approaches to globalization and placed them in the context of neighboring approaches such as network theory, (trans)locality, and transculturality. Other contributions illuminated the relationship between the global and the local, the universal and the particular, using source evidence, or explored the significance of factors such as translation or mobility.
The hybrid format meant that it was possible to participate in the conference both on-site and remotely via Zoom. On site in Münster, the conference took place in the auditorium of Vom-Stein-Haus with a lot of distance and an elaborated infection control concept. With the help of a 360° conference camera, it was possible to digitally see and hear both the speaker and the participants in the room. All participants via Zoom were displayed in the usual "tile" format on a large screen. Even though it was a pity that due to the pandemic only researchers from Germany and nearby foreign countries found their way to Münster, the hybrid format enabled numerous forms of participation that are certainly worth considering in the future with regard to the CO2 alliance of such conferences.
Back in the seminar room for the first time in a long time
by Franziska Steiger
Studying in presence again - this became possible again for all students of the Westfälische-Wilhelms University at the end of the summer semester with the change of the Corona Protection Ordinance from the beginning of June and the ever decreasing incidence figures.
However, since the number of participants is still limited to 50 and it must remain possible for all students to finish the semester they started digitally, many instructors now went into hybrid teaching. In concrete terms, this meant that some students were able to return to the lecture halls and seminar rooms for lectures, seminars and exercises if they wished and if possible, while other fellow students were connected via the "Zoom" video conferencing tool. With specially purchased conference cameras, the Faculty of Protestant Theology in general and the Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum in particular were technically well equipped for this type of hybrid teaching.
After two semesters of purely online teaching, this change at the end of the lecture period of the summer semester was for many students a welcome and long-lost opportunity to finally get back into direct conversation with fellow students and also the lecturers themselves. For quite a few, it was even the first opportunity to see the university from the inside since the beginning of their studies. For example, the offer of hybrid or face-to-face teaching in the main seminar by Prof. Doering and in the tutorial by Mr. Dik was gladly accepted by many. Also in the lecture Introduction to the Qumran Texts by Mr. Doering, individual students participated in presence towards the end, while the majority of the listeners continued to follow the lecture through livestream and also later retrievable video recordings. It has to be taken into account that some students preferred online teaching from home even at the end of this summer semester, partly because they are not resident in Münster at the moment, partly because they were reluctant to switch back and forth between seminar room and laptop when attending several lectures in one day.
It remains to be hoped that the winter semester will be feasible in presence as planned.
Newly published: Lutz Doering and Daniel Schumann (Eds.), Tosefta Studies: Manuscript, Traditions, and Topics
Volume 27 of the Münsteraner Judaistische Studien has just been published by LIT-Verlag. This volume is based on two international Tosefta colloquia held in 2016 and 2017.
This volume offers contributions to two basic questions of the study of the Tosefta: How can we describe the character and relationship of the Tosefta manuscripts? And how does the Tosefta relate to other rabbinic traditions and texts? It also sheds light on other topics of Tosefta research: "magic", emotions, and gender. The volume marks the beginning of a new phase in the study of Tosefta, encouraging an international conversation between scholars on method and contents.
Tosefta Studies: Manuscripts, Traditions, and Topics. Eds. Lutz Doering and Daniel Schumann. MJSt 27. Zürich 2021.
Lutz Doering and Daniel Schumann, Introduction
Michael Tilly, Die Tosefta: Beschreibung, Deutung und Verwendung eines Dokuments aus dem antiken jüdischen Schulbetrieb
Daniel Schumann, Observations on the Textual History of the Mishnah and the Tosefta: In Dialogue with Robert Brody
Adiel Schremer, Between “Transmission” and “Performance”: The Complexity and Open Texture of the Textual Tradition of the Tosefta
Daniel Schumann, How “Babylonian” Is the Tosefta?
Lutz Doering, The Notion of Mela’khah in Tosefta Shabbat
Lutz Doering, A Note on the Four Sabbath Domains according to Tosefta Shabbat
Paul Mandel, On the Formation of Collected Traditions in the Tosefta
Lutz Doering, A (Different) Kind of Magic: The “Ways of the Amorite” according to Tosefta Shabbat 6–7
Elisabetta Abate, Biblical Emotions in the Tosefta and the Mishnah: The “Man who is Afraid and Faint of Heart” (Deut 20:8) between Fear, Guilt, Love, and Mercy
Cecilia Haendler, “The Wisest of Women: This is the King of Kings”: Rabbinic “Theology” in Gendered Terms (Tosefta Sanhedrin)
Dr. Eran Shuali (Strasbourg) as a guest at the IJD with Professor Doering from September 2020 to August 2021
Dr. Eran Shuali from the Faculty of Protestant Theology at the Université de Strasbourg (France) will be a visiting scholar at the Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum with Prof. Dr. Lutz Doering from September 2020 to August 2021. His stay will be financed by a scholarship from the Heinrich Hertz Foundation. At the IJD, Dr. Shuali will work on a monograph on the history of Hebrew words used for Christians, Christianity, and Christian institutions from the time of early Christianity to the present. In particular, this study will show how this vocabulary has been shaped by theological and ideological views held by Jews and Christians at different times. A first contribution from this project was recently published, "Yešu or Yešuaʿ? A Sketch of the History of Jesus' Names in Hebrew from Antiquity to the Present," Revue des études juives, 2020.
In addition, Dr. Shuali is preparing a new translation of the New Testament into modern Hebrew for Tel Aviv University Press. He has also published several studies on the history of Hebrew translations of the New Testament, including an article on Franz Delitzsch's translation, "The Translation of the New Testament into Hebrew in the Eyes of Franz Delitzsch: Philology, Mission, Theology," Wrocław Theological Review, 2018.
In the winter semester 2020/21, Dr. Shuali has a teaching assignment at FB01 for an exercise entitled "Jewish Perceptions of Christianity: A Brief Overview from Talmudic Times to the Present."