• 2020

    The series “Schriften des Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum” is now called “Ioudaioi”

    In the meantime, the series Schriften des Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum has been reorganised. From vol. 11 onwards, the series has an international focus and is edited by Professor Lutz Doering in conjunction with an international advisory board. Monographs and collective volumes on Judaism from antiquity to the early modern period as well as works on Christian-Jewish relations of the same periods are published. Volumes are published in English or German.

    The first in the renewed series is the collective volume on synagogues in the Hellenistic and Roman eras mentioned in the previous announcement, which presents new finds and combines contributions on the interpretation of the material and literary findings with reflections on the character, functions and contexts of early synagogues: Synagogues in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods: Archaeological Finds, New Methods, New Theories Eds. Lutz Doering and Andrew R. Krause, in co-operation with Hermut Löhr. Ioudaioi 11. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2020.

    The second volume in the renewed series is a monograph by Professor Agnethe Siquans (University of Vienna): Agnethe Siquans, Der gerettete Retter. Exodus 1–2 inm patristischer und rabbinischer Interpretation. Ioudaioi 12. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2021.

    A volume on Jewish numismatics by Professor emeritus Max Küchler (Université de Fribourg) has already been announced.

    © Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht

    Collective volume on Synagogues in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods Published

    In December 2020, the collective volume, Synagogues in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods: Archaeological Finds, New Methods, New Theories, edited by Professor Lutz Doering together with Dr Andrew Krause (now ACTS Seminaries, Vancouver, Canada) and Professor Hermut Löhr (now University of Bonn), was published. The volume is part of the publications of the research project EXC 212 C2-24 – Integration and Diversification in the Judaism of Palestine during the Hellenistic-Early Roman Period (300 BC–135 CE) in the Cluster of Excellence Religion and Politics (2014-2018) and is based on an international conference in 2017.

    The study of ancient Judaism has enjoyed a steep rise in interest and publications in recent decades. However, much of this study has focused on the ideas and beliefs represented in ancient texts, with only limited study regarding the daily lives and material culture of Jewish individuals and their communities. The nascent institution of the synagogue formed an increasingly important venue for communal gathering and daily or weekly practice. This collection of essays is intended to bring together a broad spectrum of new archaeological and textual data with various emergent theories and interpretive methods in order to address the need to understand the place of the synagogue in the daily and weekly procedures, community frameworks, and theological structures in which Judaeans, Galileans, and Jewish people in the Diaspora lived and gathered. The interdisciplinary studies will be of great significance for anyone studying ancient Jewish belief, practice, and community formation.

    This is the first volume of the series Schriften des IJD, published under the new series title Ioudaioi by Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. The series is edited by Lutz Doering in conjunction with an international advisory board.

    Synagogues in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods: Archaeological Finds, New Methods, New Theories Eds. Lutz Doering and Andrew R. Krause, in co-operation with Hermut Löhr. Ioudaioi 11. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2020.

    Contents:
    Lutz Doering and Andrew R. Krause, Introduction: Synagogues in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods

    I. Advances in the Archaeology of Synagogues from the Hellenistic and Roman Periods
    Zeev Weiss, The Synagogue in an Age of Transition, from the Second Temple Period to Roman Times: Recent Developments in Research
    Uzi Leibner, The Dating of the “Galilean”-Type Synagogues: Khirbet Wadi 􀀍amam as a Case-Study
    Mechael Osband and Benjamin Arubas, The Discovery of a Roman Period Synagogue in the Golan at Majduliyya
    Monika Trümper, The Synagogue in Delos Revisited

    II. Interpreting Material Remains and Literary Sources
    Lutz Doering, The Synagogue at Magdala: Between Localized Practice and Reference to the Temple
    Judith H. Newman, Contextualizing the Magdala Synagogue Stone in its Place: An Exercise in Liturgical Imagination
    Andrew R. Krause, The Rhetoric of Synagogue Space: Theoretical Issues in the Study of Jewish Institutions in Literary Sources
    Jordan J. Ryan, The Contributions of Historical and Archaeological Study of Early Synagogues to Historical Jesus Research

    III. Theorizing Practice in Ancient Synagogues
    Jutta Leonhardt-Balzer, What Were They Doing in Second Temple Synagogues? Philo and the προσευχή
    Hermut Löhr, In Search of the Petichah: Some Thoughts on the Torah, the Prophets, and the Scriptures in the Synagogues and Beyond
    Ruth Langer, Rabbis, Nonrabbis, and Synagogues in Roman Palestine: Theory and Reality
    Clemens Leonhard, The Origins of Torah Reading as a Ritual and its Social Context

    IV. Legal, Political, and Cultural Contexts of Ancient Synagogues
    Kimberley Czajkowski, “Synagogues” in Ptolemaic and Early Roman Egypt
    Benedikt Eckhardt, Synagogues as Associations in the Roman Empire
    Markus Öhler, Synagogues in Inscriptions from Asia Minor: The Iulia Severa Inscription Reconsidered
    Katrin Kogman-Appel, Dress Codes in the Synagogue of Dura Europos?

    © Brill

    Dr. Daniel Schumann receives the Hanns Lilje Prize 2020

    For his dissertation on "Gelübde im antiken Judentum und frühesten Christentum" written at the Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum, Dr. Daniel Schumann receives this year's Hanns Lilje Prize of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences. The print version of the dissertation will be published under the same title in December 2020 by Brill in the series Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity. Dr. Schumann worked as a research assistant to Prof. Dr. Lutz Doering at the IJD from 2014 to 2018. We warmly congratulate our former staff member and wish him continued success

    © Lutz Doering

    Excursion to the Jewish Cemetery in Münster

    The following report was written by Franziska Prokopetz, who joined the IJD as a Student Assistant in March 2020. She replaces Pauline Reppenhagen, whom we wish all the best for her exams. We warmly welcome Ms. Prokopetz to our team.

    פ''נ - "poh niṭman", "Here is hidden". These two words, in abbreviated form, form the beginning of the Hebrew inscription on most tombstones, and each introduces its own biography. On June 29, 2020, students accompanied by Prof. Doering went on an excursion to the Jewish cemetery in Münster to follow these last traces of Jewish life.

    During the summer semester, the students had acquired a great deal of knowledge about Jewish burial culture in the exercise on Jewish cemeteries under the guidance of Prof. Doering - from antiquity to the Middle Ages to the present day, from Palestine to Worms and Würzburg to Hamburg-Altona and, of course, Münster. Due to the Corona-conditioned online teaching, however, all in front of the screen. Now, at the end of the semester, they were fortunately offered the opportunity to apply their knowledge for the first time in a direct encounter with the gravestones. The rectorate, the dean's office and, above all, the Jewish community had exceptionally agreed to the visit - subject to the necessary hygiene rules.

    The condition of the gravestones, some of which were well over a hundred years old, became an unusual and new challenge when reading the inscriptions. It was all the more helpful that many abbreviations, such as the one above, as well as the general structure of an inscription was by now familiar territory for the participants of the exercise.

    Quite new, however, were the biographies, some of them very moving and marked by their respective lifetimes, to which the gravestones examined in more detail referred. In relevant local historical studies, these life stories could be elaborated and are linked, among other information, on the online available documentation Jüdischer Friedhof Münster (http://www.juedischer-friedhof-muenster.de). For example, the story of the Marcus family, who ran a shoe and later an antiques business in Münster: Eli Marcus, who made a significant contribution to the Westphalian dialect with his stage plays and his Low German poetry, lost his son Ernst during the First World War, who, like numerous other Jews, fought for the German Empire. Only fifteen years later, however, Eli Marcus, Münster's once beloved poet, was reviled. He died a forgotten man in 1935.

    Rabbi Prof. Dr. Bernhard Brilling as well as Dr. Zwi Sofer, who both researched and taught at the Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum from the 1950s and 1960s respectively, were particularly remembered. They both were an example to the student group of the challenges, but also the possibilities of Jewish life in Münster after the horrors of the Shoa and also offered the opportunity to get to know a part of the history of the IJD in more detail.

    Corona forces us to find new ways

    A report on university teaching under the conditions of the pandemic by Laura von Bartenwerffer

    When the corona pandemic reached Germany in spring this year, planning for the summer semester 2020 had already been well advanced. We as teachers had designed and announced our courses. Apart from the fine tuning, everything was prepared for the students. But then the start of the semester had to be postponed. And it soon became clear that even after Easter not everything would be able to take place as usual.

    Thus, the Faculty of Protestant Theology, and with it the IJD, set out to find suitable means to conduct teaching without classroom sessions. As the IJD team, we tested several video conferencing providers in trial sessions and weighed up their advantages and disadvantages for teaching. A little later, licenses for our favourite platform Zoom were purchased by the university, so that students could work with this program across the university and get used to it quickly. Various possibilities of digital teaching were tested this semester. In addition to the Zoom sessions, other means were used to guide, support, and accompany the students' independent study phases. As a teacher, I have experienced the students' cooperation, and in some cases also their patience, as very positive. We all first had to get used to the other means and ways and try them out. That is why I have also taken some courses offered by the Centre for Higher Education Teaching. Another positive aspect is certainly the survey on digital teaching that the student council conducted among the students. This has strengthened the dialogue between lecturers and students in this unfamiliar situation. It is certainly particularly pleasing that the courses offered by the IJD received positive mention, and that our efforts before the start of the semester have apparently paid off.

    However, despite many positive experiences, the certainty remains that classroom teaching cannot be replaced. Both on the side of the students and the lecturers there is a great desire for "normal" attendance sessions after this semester, which most would probably describe as strenuous. This makes it all the more gratifying that it now looks as if we will be able to organise the coming winter semester again, at least in part, in attendance. For my part, however, I hope that we will retain the positive elements from this semester and manage to integrate some ideas into the face-to-face teaching constructively. I can well imagine that some means are suitable to increase the learning success of our students in the long run. We only need the wisdom and also the feedback of the students to recognize these means. So, let's stay in touch - albeit still digitally.

    Report on research and teaching in Corona times

    John Dik M.A., M.Ed.
    Even in Corona times - thank God - research and teaching continue, albeit here and there under more difficult conditions. In the field of research, the most important things are the proofreading of various articles and anthologies that are to be published this year, the reading and translation of ancient texts for my own further education in a collegial circle, research colloquia in an online format, and writing my own dissertation.
    In the latter, I am concerned with conceptions of people-God in Jewish and Christian apocalypses after the destruction of the Temple: what about Israel? How does it continue to exist? Who belongs to Israel and who does not? What about the nations and how do they relate to Israel? These are central questions posed in Jewish and Judaeo-Christian circles and have found literary expression in texts such as 2 Baruch, 4 Ezra and the Revelation of John. The particular object of study is how the people of God are constituted on a literary level. Without anticipating too much: In 2 Baruch, the people of God are rallied around the Torah, which is communicated to them by a charismatic prophet - Baruch. In John's Revelation, it follows the Messiah as a lamb-widower. But in 2 Bar, the Messiah also plays a role, and in John's Revelation, the commandments of God.
    In the area of teaching, I taught the proseminar on the New Testament (with Greek) in the summer semester of 2020. In this, everything took place via Zoom. Despite the new circumstances and some unfamiliarity, the 30 students quickly settled into the new format, which was supplemented with additional online platforms for assignments and discussion forums. Despite lively participation and a good atmosphere, however, a certain online fatigue is making itself felt, with students hoping to return to face-to-face teaching but trying to integrate the positive aspects of online teaching into it.

    © Boeckenhoff

    New in the Secretariat of the IJD: Ms. Kerstin Böckenhoff

    As of March 15, 2020, Ms. Arnhold's successor, Ms. Kerstin Böckenhoff MA, has started her work in the IJD office.
    Ms. Böckenhoff is a trained industrial clerk and has also completed studies in art history as well as classical and early Christian archaeology at the WWU Münster as Magistra Artium.
    She comes to us from working for various companies in Münster and the Münsterland region.
    We are looking forward to working with her!

    Retirement of Mrs. Arnhold

    As of March 31, 2020, the long-time secretary in the IJD office, Ms. Maria Arnhold, has taken a well-deserved retirement. For more than 20 years, Mrs. Arnhold actively and reliably supported the work at the IJD, the public traffic of students, academic guests and visitors from the city society, the contacts with the administration and the Franz Delitzsch Societyand much more.
    For many, she was the first contact person when visiting the IJD. Many still fondly remember their encounters with Mrs. Arnhold over the many years.
    On March 27, 2020, Ms. Arnhold was given a small retirement ceremony.
    Due to the first Corona restrictions already taking effect at that time, the farewell could only be held internally at the institute, and even here only with the necessary distance.
    As a gift, we presented Ms. Arnhold with a souvenir book for which staff, postdocs and guests at the IJD from two decades (from Münster to Milwaukee, from Edinburgh to Jerusalem) had designed individual pages, which were then bound together to form a book. The cover was designed by Volker Konrad.

    The current IJD team says "thank you" and wishes Mrs. Arnhold all the best and God's blessing in her retirement!

    Design: Volker Konrad

    © Volker Konrad
  • 2019

    Cor de Vos
    © Doering

    Antrittsvorlesung apl. Prof. Dr. Cor de Vos

    Am Mittwoch, den 23.10.2019, erhielt Cor(nelis) de Vos von Dekan Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Großhans seine Ernennungsurkunde zum außerplanmäßigen Professor an der Ev.-theol. Fakultät der WWU Münster. Apl. Prof. Dr. Cor de Vos hielt im Anschluss daran im bis auf den letzten Platz besetzten Seminarraum ETH 302 seine Antrittsvorlesung zum Thema „Unter dem Fluch versus Leben aus dem Glauben. Eine räumliche Analyse von Gal 3,10–14“.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Bärry Hartog
    © Bärry Hartog

    Dr. Bärry Hartog (Groningen) is Humboldt Research Fellow at the IJD (2019–20), hosted by Professor Doering

    From October 2019 until September 2020, Dr. Bärry Hartog will be residing as Humboldt Postdoctoral Fellow at the Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum, hosted by Prof. Dr. Lutz Doering. Hartog studied Theology and Semitic Languages in Leiden and obtained his PhD from KU Leuven in 2015. He is currently a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Protestant Theological University in Groningen, the Netherlands.

    Dr. Hartog’s main research interests are ancient Judaism in the context of the Graeco-Roman world, ancient textual scholarship, and the formation of identity in complex societies. During the tenure of his Humboldt, he will be working on a project called “Identities on the Move: Jewish, Christian, and Greek Travel Narratives from the Early Roman Empire.” This project investigates the connection between descriptions of travel, intercultural encounters, and the cultural and religious identity of the protagonists in travel narratives from the 1st–3rd centuries CE. By investigating these topics, the project aims to illuminate how inhabitants of globalised spaces (such as the early Roman empire) write themselves into these spaces whilst also upholding the distinctiveness of their own traditions.

    Identities on the Move: The First Six Months

    Bärry Hartog
    I used my first six months in Münster to develop the focus for my new project. Close readings of the Acts of the Apostles, combined with the wealth of sources in the Münsteraner libraries (some of which are not, or not as easily, available in the Netherlands), helped me to clarify my argument and to identify several levels on which processes of “glocalisation” shine through in Acts. The Corona crisis interrupted my access to libraries, but it did give me the opportunity to work on several articles, which are currently under review with professional journals. In what remains of my Humboldt Fellowship, I will finish my chapter on Acts and plan the contents and argument of the rest of the monograph, so that I can work towards finishing that once I am back in Groningen.

    David Nirenberg
    © Doering

    Prof. Dr. David Nirenberg (Chicago) spricht über "Judentum, Christentum, Islam. Nachbarschaften in der Longue Durée"

    Franz-Delitzsch-Vorlesung am 2. Dezember 2019, 18 Uhr c.t., Fürstenberghaus, Hörsaal F 4

    Die Franz-Delitzsch-Vorlesung wird in diesem Jahr von dem renommierten Historiker Professor David Nirenberg aus Chicago gehalten. Anstatt die drei Weltreligionen isoliert zu betrachten, behandelt Nirenberg in seiner Vorlesung die lange Geschichte ihrer Entwicklung in Auseinandersetzung miteinander und fragt, wie Muslime, Christen und Juden in ihren heiligen Schriften die andersgläubigen Nachbarn wahrgenommen haben und was uns das über aktuelle Konflikte sagen kann.

    David Nirenberg ist Debora R. and Edgar Jannotta Distinguished Service Professor an der University of Chicago und lehrt dort Geschichte des Mittelalters und der Renaissance mit Schwerpunkt auf der Geschichte religiöser Traditionen in Europa und dem Mittelmeerraum. Nirenberg ist in Münster kein Unbekannter: 2017 hat er den Historikerpreis der Stadt Münster für seine Forschungen zur Geschichte des Antijudaismus erhalten.

    Die Franz-Delitzsch-Vorlesung wird organisiert vom Instititum Judaicum Delitzschianum und der Franz-Delitzsch-Gesellschaft. Der Aufenthalt von David Nirenberg wird unterstützt durch die Alexander-von-Humboldt-Professur am Institut für Jüdische Studien.

    © Carolin Dodt
    © Jacob de Boer
    © Varina Wagner
    © Ursus Haaben

    Neue Ausstellung im Übungsraum des IJD

    TEL AVIV – SKIZZIEREN & AQUARELLIEREN EXKURSION VOM FB DESIGN DER FH MÜNSTER NACH TEL AVIV UND JERUSALEM 2018

    Seit 2011 unternimmt der FB Design der FH Münster regelmäßig Exkursionen mit Studierenden ins Ausland, bisherz.B. nach Istanbul, New York, Jerusalem und Rom. Diese Reisen bieten den Studierenden die Gelegenheit, thematische und ästhetische Anregungen für die eigene künstlerische Arbeit zu sammeln – nicht zuletzt durch Treffen mit Designern und Künstlern vor Ort. Seit August Macke und den wunderbaren Aquarellen seines Tunesienaufenthalts ist bekannt, wie faszinierend es ist, im besonderen Licht des Mittelmeerraums zu zeichnen und zu aquarellieren. Im Oktober 2018 besuchten deshalb 12 Studierende unter der Leitung von Prof. Felix Scheinberger und begleitet vom Illustrator Volker Konrad für eine Woche Israel. Die Studierenden sammelten während dieser Zeit mit Kameras und Skizzenbüchern ihre Eindrücke. Der Schwerpunkt der gemeinsamen Arbeit lag im Finden und illustrativen Erfassen von landestypischen Situationen mit schnellen künstlerischen Techniken, mit Stiften, Wasserfarben und Collagen.

    Die Gruppe verbrachte die Zeit hauptsächlich in Tel Aviv - Yafo, besucht aber auch die Altstadt in Jerusalem. Die Reise wurde durch ein Seminar zu politischen, religiösen und historischen Aspekten der Situation im Land ausführlich vorbereitet. Alle an Exkursion Teilnehmenden waren sich dennoch einig, wie  überraschend und beeindruckend die Realität vor Ort war. Der Höhepunkt der Reise war ein gemeinsames Zeichenevent mit der Gruppe der Urban Sketchers aus Tel Aviv.

    Reich beladen mit gefüllten Skizzenbüchern und Eindrücken kehrte die Gruppe nach Deutschland zurück. Und plötzlich haben alle diese Orte und Nachrichten für uns ein Gesicht, ein Bild und sind verknüpft mit Menschen, die wir kennen gelernt hatten. So wird diese Reise alle Beteiligten wohl noch lange beschäftigen.

     

    © Doering

    PROFESSOR DOERING HÄLT ZWEI VORTRÄGE IN ISRAEL

    In den letzten Maitagen hielt sich Professor Dr. Lutz Doering, der Direktor des IJD, zu Vorträgen in Israel auf - diesmal in Tel Aviv und Umgebung.

    Am 28. Mai 2019 hielt er im Rahmen eines Research Workshop der Israel Science Foundation an der Bar Ilan University in Ramat Gan (Organisatoren: Dr. Binyamin Katzoff und Professor Adiel Schremer), "Tosefta: New Perspectives", einen Vortrag zu "The Notion of Mela'kha in Tosefta Shabbat". In diesem Vortrag wies er auf, in welcher Weise sich die Konzeptualisierung von "Werksarbeit" in Tosefta Schabbat von derjenigen der Mischna unterscheidet und sich auch von den im palästinischen und babylonischen Talmud zu beobachtenden Tendenzen einer Zuordnung von Werksarbeiten zu "Haupt-Werksarbeiten" abhebt.

    In diesem Frühjahr wurde Professor Doerings Übersetzung und Kommentierung des Tosefta-Traktats Schabbat veröffentlicht (L. Doering, Seder II: Moëd, 1: Schabbat [Rabbinische Texte,1. Reihe: Die Tosefta], Stuttgart 2019, VIII, 342 Seiten).

    Weitere Teilnehmer an diesem Workshop aus Münster oder mit Münster-Bezug waren Professor Dr. Clemens Leonhard von FB02 und der ehemalige Wissenschaftliche Assistent am IJD, Dr. des. Daniel Schumann, der gegenwärtig Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow bei Professor Markus Bockmuehl an der Oxford University tätig ist (siehe https://ntatoxford.com/university-post-holders/ ).

    Am 29. Mai 2019 hielt Professor Doering einen Vortrag im Department of Jewish Philosophy and Talmud der Tel Aviv University: ",You have heard that is was said to those of ancient times': On the Form and Function of Matthew's Antitheses". In diesem Vortrag untermauerte Professor Doering die Sicht, dass sich die  Antithesen des matthäischen Jesus gegen bestimmte Interpretationen der Tora wenden, nicht gegen die Tora als solche.

    © Doering
    © Doering
    © Doering

    REPORT ON THE WORKSHOP, “PHILO OFALEXANDRIA AND PHILOSOPHICAL DISCOURSE”, MÜNSTER, 12–13 MAY 2019

    “Philo of Alexandria and Philosophical Discourse,” an international conference on Philo’s debt to and appropriation of Hellenistic and Roman schools of philosophy, took place 12–13 May 2019 at the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität in Münster. The conference, organized jointly by Assistant Professor Dr. Michael Cover (Humboldt Fellow at the Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum, WWU Münster / Marquette University) and Professor Dr. Lutz Doering (Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum, WWU Münster), included international experts on Philo and ancient philosophy from three continents and eight different countries. The conference, planned in connection with Dr. Cover’s Humboldt Fellowship and supported primarily by funds from the Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung in Bonn, had the dual aim of advancing Cover’s Humboldt project and providing the groundwork for a larger Sammelband, including an even wider range of scholarly contributions.

    The first day of the conference consisted in two sessions. Papers in session one aimed to locate Philo within his larger scholarly and religious landscape. The paper by Gregory Sterling (Yale University), “Philo’s Library and the Libraries of Philosophical Schools,” provided a new reconstruction of all the works that Philo likely had in his private library and then made some inferential conjectures about the way a philosophical school setting might have influenced the composition of Philo’s works. Rainer Hirsch-Luipold (Universität Bern), in his paper “The Difficulty of Being Theologically and Philosophically Orthodox: Reincarnation and Afterlife as a Test Case,” situated Philo’s philosophical thought within the matrix of religious Platonism. Session two focused on a single Philonic treatise, Quod omnis probus liber sit. Maren Niehoff (The Hebrew University), in a paper entitled “Exemplary Ethics in Philo’s Every Good Man is Free,” situated Philo’s use of exemplaric proofs in the latter half of the work within broader patterns of Stoic psychagogy including Cicero and Seneca). Niehoff argued that Philo’s Quod omnis probus liber sit belongs to his later Roman period, in which the influence of Stoicism can be more heavily felt. Finally, Troels-Engberg Pedersen (University of Copenhagen; “Stoicism, Platonism and Judaism in the Omnis Probus: Philo’s Authorial Stance”) offered a complementary reading of the same treatise, reechoing elements of Niehoff’s analysis, while also suggesting a greater influence of Platonism in the final shape of the work.

    The second day of the conference began with a third session on Philo and ancient philosophical scepticism. Carlos Lévy (Paris-Sorbonne) presented a paper related to a current larger project, which argues for Philo’s philosophical debt toscepticism (“Is Philo’s Moses a Pyrrhonian Hero?”). Drawing particularly on Pyrrhonian sources, Lévy advanced the thesis that Philo’s understanding of the human person as oudeneia (as a “nothing”) represents, along with his Judaism, a first-order orientation in his thought. Turning from ethics to metaphysics and here to the topic of contemplation, Mauro Bonazzi (University of Utrecht), in his paper “Scepticism and Contemplation in Philo of Alexandria,” investigated how Philo’s commitment to epistemological modesty regarding knowledge of God might have shaped his understanding of the human good.

    The final session was devoted to a single paper, Michael Cover’s contribution on Philo’s philosophy of language (“What's in a Name Change? Neo-Pythagorean Arithmology and Middle-Platonic Namewrights in Philo’s Orchard of Philosophy”). The paper offered a close reading of Philo’s philosophical defense of Gen 17:5 (God’s gift of a new name to Abram) in two exegetical series, the Quaestiones in Genesin and the treatise On the Change of Names as part the Allegorical Commentary. While in the former Philo uses a combination of Neo-Pythagorean, Middle-Platonist, and Stoic philosophies of language to defend God’s gift of the “letter” (in Greek an alpha is added to yield “Abraam”), in the latter he moves to a position according to which the gift is rather a new power in the soul.

    In addition to lively moderated questions and answers after each paper, David Runia (IRCI, Australian Catholic University), in his capacity as invited respondent, offered feedback and fielded questions from speakers in all four sessions. The conference organizers are currently soliciting further contributions to round out the volume. The proceedings will be submitted for review with a respected publishing house.

    Michael Cover

    © Doering
    © Doering

    QUMRAN-TAGUNG VERSAMMELT INTERNATIONALES SPITZENPUBLIKUM IN SCHWERTE

    Bericht über die 10. Schwerter Qumran-Tagung zum Thema „Reinheit im antiken Judentum und frühen Christentum“

    Vom 10. bis zum 12. Februar 2019 fand zum zehnten Mal die Schwerter Qumrantagung statt und konnte anlässlich dieses Jubiläums ein Tagungsprogramm aufweisen, das noch stärker international aufgestellt war als in den Jahren zuvor. Zum Thema „Reinheit im antiken Judentum und frühen Christentum“ versammelten die Organisatoren, Prof. Dr. Jörg Frey von der Universität Zürich sowie Prof. Dr. Lutz Doering und Laura von Bartenwerffer vom IJD der WWU Münster, ein hochkarätiges Publikum, das auf höchstem Niveau aktuelle Forschungen zur Reinheitsfrage in antiken Texten und materiellen Befunden diskutierte.

    Nachdem Dr. Ulrich Dickmann, Prof. Dr. Jörg Frey und Prof. Dr. Lutz Doering die Tagung eröffnet hatten, folgte ein Paarvortrag von Prof. Dr. Christophe Nihan und Dr. Julia Rhyder zum Thema „Purity Rituals and Concepts of Pollution in the Hebrew Bible in Light of Recent Research”. In diesem Vortrag wurde nach der Entwicklung der Reinheitsvorschriften in den Priesterschriftlichen Texten der Hebräischen Bibel und möglichen Reinheitskonzeptionen zur Zeit des zweiten Tempels gefragt. Dr. Veronika Bachmann zeigte im zweiten Hauptvortrag an diesem ersten Tag, welche Bedeutung das Thema Reinheit für das Buch Esther hat. In ihrem Vortrag „Im/Purity: An Issue of no Concern to the Book(s) of Esther?” votierte sie dafür, dass sich in diesem Werk unterschwellige Reinheitsvorstellungen und Anknüpfungen an das Gesetz finden lassen.

    Der zweite Tag begann mit einem Block, der sich dezidiert den Schriften vom Toten Meer widmete. Sowohl Dr. Yizhak Feder, der zu „Reconstructing the Holy Camp: Qumran and the Evolution of Impurity in Ancient Judaism” sprach, als auch Dr. Cecilia Wassen, deren Vortrag den Titel “Pure, Impure, and in between: Discourse on Purity in the Dead Sea Scrolls” trug, fokussierten diesen Forschungsbereich. Dabei stellte Wassen die These auf, dass rein nicht das Gegenteil von unrein sei, sondern von normal oder allgemein. Mit dem Vortrag von Prof. Dr. Andrej Petrovic zu “Seats of Inner Purity: A Greek Perspective on Qumran Texts” erweiterte die Tagung den Bereich des antiken Judentums um einen Blick von griechischen Inschriften her. Dabei zeigte Petrovic auf, dass (auch) in der griechisch-hellenistischen Vorstellung die Reinheit der Seele entscheidend war. Dem wohl prominentesten Vertreter des hellenistischen Judentums, Philo von Alexandrien, widmete sich der Vortrag von Dr. Michael Cover zu „Symbolic Purity and Cosmic Anthropology in Philo’s Allegorical Commentary“. In diesem Vortrag untersuchte Cover die Art und Weise wie Tempel und Reinheit in dem allegorischen Denken Philos verbunden werden und stellte dabei das Konzept der menschlichen Seele als kleinen Tempel in den Mittelpunkt. Anschließend wandte sich Prof. Dr. Carsten Claußen den archäologischen Funden in der Diaspora zu. In seinem Vortrag „Purity Observance and Ancient Diaspora Synagogues: Textual and Archaeological Findings in Dialogue” wies er nach, dass sich an den bisher gefundenen Diasporasynagogen aus der Zeit der zweiten Tempels keine Mikwaot finden lassen. Durch den Vortrag von Dr. Yair Furstenberg zu „Jesus and Qumran against the Compromising Purity of the Pharisees“ wurden bereits am zweiten Tagungstag neutestamentliche Texte in die Diskussion miteinbezogen. Furstenberg stellte dar, dass Jesus in Mt 23 par. Lk 11 auf eine ähnliche Art gegen die Reinheitsvorstellungen der Pharisäer argumentiert wie die Sadduzäer in der Mischna.

    Der dritte und letzte Tag der Tagung begann wiederum mit einem archäologischen Thema, als Prof. Dr. Roland Deines zu „Archaeological Finds as Evidence for Everyday Purity Practice in the Hellenistic-Roman Period“ sprach. Der archäologische Befund weist nach Deines darauf hin, dass Reinheitspraktiken nicht zwingend mit dem Tempe verbunden waren, dass sie länger als bis 70 n. Chr. bestanden und dass nicht alle den Regularien der Pharisäer folgten. Die These, dass Reinheitspraktiken nicht auf den Tempel zu beziehen sind, untermauerte auch der Vortrag von Prof. Dr. Thomas Kazen zu „Purity as Popular Practice. Erasing the Anachronistic Divide between Household and Cult”. Reinheitsbezogene Praktiken seien demnach im alltäglichen Leben von antiken Juden weit verbreitet gewesen. PD Dr. Christina Eschner sprach im Anschluss über die Apostelgeschichte in ihrem Vortrag mit dem Titel „Juden und Heiden an einen Tisch. Die Abschaffung der jüdischen Speisegebote als Zentrum der Corneliuserzählung?“ Sie stellte heraus, dass in dieser Perikope nicht die Speisegebote abgeschafft werden, sondern die Unterscheidung zwischen Juden und Heiden beseitigt wird. Die Tagung wurde abgeschlossen durch Dr. Moshe Blidsteins Vortrag zu „Falsehood, Deceit, and Defilement in Early Christian Texts“, in dem er einem metaphorischen Gebrauch der Reinheitssemantik nachging.

    Im Nachwuchsprogramm stellten Ruben Bühner, Mike DeVries, Milena Hasselmann, Joseph Scales, Hanneke Van der Schoor und Laura von Bartenwerffer ihre Dissertationsprojekte bzw. sich aus diesen ergebende Aspekte vor.

    Durch die angenehme Atmosphäre in der Katholischen Akademie Schwerte konnten die Teilnehmerinnen und Teilnehmer auch nach und zwischen den Vorträgen angeregt diskutieren, sodass die Tagung eine große Bereicherung für alle – Vortragende wie Zuhörende – darstellte. Die Veröffentlichung der Vorträge in einem Tagungsband ist geplant.

     

    © Florian Neitmann

    New PhD student in the Apocalyptic Project

    Since November 1, 2019, Mag. Theol. Florian Neitmann is a doctoral student in the research project "Transkulturelle Verflechtungen und Entflechtungen jüdischer Apokalyptik" in the Cluster of Excellence Religion and Politics at WWU. The aim of the project, which is directed by Prof. Dr. Lutz Doering and carried out in cooperation with Prof. Dr. Michael Segal from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, is to explore in more detail the relationships between Jewish apocalyptic and Greek, Roman and Near Eastern texts and traditions. Mr. Neitmann's dissertation is devoted to the topic of "Gesetz und Gericht im 4. Esra- und 2. Baruchbuch". He has already presented some results of his work at the Research Colloquium New Testament and Ancient Judaism on "Das Gesetz im 4. Esrabuch" on June 10, 2020. Florian Neitmann studied Protestant Theology in Münster and Göttingen and participated in the program "Studium in Israel" at the Hebrew University; thus, the project leads him back to Münster and Jerusalem.

    • 2018

      Tal Ilan
      © Doering

      Franz-Delitzsch-Vorlesung 2018

      Prof. Dr. Tal Ilan (Berlin), Jüdische und christliche Philologie, die Frauen zumSchweigen bringt – Die Königin und die Apostelin

      Montag, 26.11.2018, 18 Uhr c.t., Hörsaal H4, Hörsaalgebäude der WWU, Schlossplatz 46

      Die Franz-Delitzsch-Vorlesung des Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum an der WWU Münster wird in diesem Jahr von der bekannten Berliner Judaistin Prof. Dr. Tal Ilan gehalten. Sie beschäftigt sich mit Überlieferungsprozessen, in deren Verlauf Texte, in denen Frauen auftauchen oder selber sprechen, editiert und verändert wurden. Durch das Aufdecken früherer Textversionen wird erkennbar, in welche Richtung und weshalb die Darstellung der Wirklichkeit von Frauen verändert wurde. Dabei zeigen die Beispiele der Maria Magdalena in den Evangelien und der Königin Schelamzion (Salome Alexandra) in der rabbinischen Literatur an, wie universal solche Prozesse sind, die Frauen zum Schweigen bringen.Prof. Dr. Tal Ilan ist eine israelische Historikerin und Judaistin. Sie wurde an der Hebräischen Universität in Jerusalem promoviert. Seit 2003 lehrt sie als Professorin am Institut für Judaistik an der Freien Universität Berlin. Schwerpunkte der Arbeit Tal Ilans sind Geschichte und Philologie des antiken Judentums, insbesondere die Reintegration von Frauen in die antike jüdische Geschichte. Sie ist Herausgeberin eines feministischen Kommentars zum Babylonischen Talmud. In diesem Sommer wurde sie mit einer Festschrift geehrt (Sources and Interpretation in Ancient Judaism: Studies for Tal Ilan at Sixty, hg. v. Meron Piotrkowski, Geoffrey Herman und Saskia Dönitz, AJEC 104,Leiden 2018).

       

      © Doering
      © Doering
      © Doering
      © Doering

      Gemeinsamer Besuch der Friedens-Ausstellungen mit dem Neutestamentlichen Seminar

      Am 20. Juli 2018 besuchten die Teams des Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum und des Neutestamentlichen Seminars der Evangelischtheologischen Fakultät gemeinsam die Friedens-Austellungen des Archäologischen Museums und des Picasso-Museums. Im Archäologischen Museum wurden die Besucherinnen und Besucher sachkundig von Frau Saskia Erhardt, Hilfskraft bei Herrn Professor Achim Lichtenberger, dem Direktor des Museums, durch die Ausstellung geführt.  Diese umfasste u.a. Fragmente des ägyptischhethitischen Friedensvertrags von ca. 1259 v. Chr., ein Urkundenrelief aus Athen von ca. 403/2 v. Chr. mit Hera und Athene, einen Gipsabguss der Friedensgöttin Eirene nach der Statue des Kephisodot (ca. 375 v. Chr.), einen Altar „Pax Augusti“ aus Narbonne (13 v. Chr.) sowie – für uns besonders interessant – Münzen aus Judaea sowie eine nach Forschungen von Professor Steve Fine von der Yeshiva University kolorierte Rekonstruktion der Menora-Szene vom Titusbogen in Rom.

      Anschließend besuchten die Teams die Ausstellung im Picasso-Museum, wo insbesondere Picassos Plastik „Mann mit Schaf“ und die Entwicklung der Picasso’schen Friedenstaube unsere Aufmerksamkeit auf sich zogen.

      Auf die dringende Bitte des Direktors des IJD fand der Nachmittag seinen Ausklang mit einer Tretboot-Fahrt auf dem Aasee. Diese bot einen Rahmen für die Verabschiedung des bisherigen Wissenschaftlichen Assistenten, Dr. Daniel Schumann (4.v.l.), der inzwischen zu einem PostDoc- Aufenthalt an der Universität Oxford aufgebrochen ist, und Andreas Knöll (2.v.l.), studentische Hilfskraft am IJD, der an die Augustana-Hochschule Neuendettelsau für die Examensvorbereitung wechselt – hier in einem Boot mit Frau Arnhold und der zweiten studentischen Hilfskraft, Yannick Golchert.

       

       

       

       

       

       

      Dr. Michael Cover
      © Michael Cover

      Dr. Michael Cover – Humboldt Research Fellow (2018–19) bei Professor Doering am IJD

      Von Ende Juni 2018 bis Juni 2019 war Dr. Michael Cover von der Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (USA), als Humboldt Research Fellow zu Gast bei Prof. Dr. Lutz Doering am Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum der Ev.-Theol. Fakultät. Dr. Cover arbeitete unter anderem an einem Kommentar zu Philon von Alexandrien, De mutatione nominum, und einer Monographie zum 1. Korintherbrief.

      Hier folgt eine kurze Selbstvorstellung von Dr. Cover:

      Dr. Michael Cover is Assistant Professor of Judaism and Christianity in Antiquity at Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He holds a doctoral degree in theology from the University of Notre Dame; studied Greek and Latin Classics at Harvard College (A.B.) and the University of Oxford (M.St.), and theology at Yale Divinity School (M.Div.). His first monograph, Lifting the Veil, a study of Pauline biblical exegesis, appeared in the BZNW series in 2015. He is currently New Testament editor for the journal Biblical Research, and Book Reviews editor for The Studia Philonica Annual.

      As a Humboldt Fellow at WWU Münster and the IJD, Dr. Cover will be working toward the completion of two major projects. The first is a new translation and commentary on Philo of Alexandria’s treatise, On the Change of Names, for the Brill Philo of Alexandria Commentary Series. The commentary aims to explicate significant theological, philosophical, and rhetorical elements of the treatise, with a particular focus on Philo’s biblical interpretation and his early Christian reception history (in Greek, Latin, and Armenian writings). The second project is a monograph on 1 Corinthians, provisionally entitled The Divine Comedy at Corinth. This study sets Paul’s letter in dialogue with three texts by Dio Chrysostom, Menander, and Euripides. Dr. Cover is interested in the way Paul’s letters might have been received and composed in light of the Greek dramatic tradition, especially New Comedy.