Due to the time of year and the life cycle of the plants, this species can no longer be seen in the Botanical Garden anymore.

botanical background


order: Poales

family: Poaceae

species: wheat (Triticum)

attributes: dark green stem measuring up to one meter in height

origin: probably originally from norther Africa and western Asia, modern species created by cross-breading with specimens from the Near East

habitat: cultivated all around the world


in the Bible

You shall keep the Feast of Tabernacles seven days after you have gathered in your grain floor and your wine press.

Deuteronomy 16,13


Other than wheat, barley and millet grew in biblical Palestine. The Old Testament uses the word חִטָּה (ḥiṭṭāh).

Wheat was a staple food, whose flour would be baken into bread. Unleavened bread made without yeast is eaten during Pesach.

The New Testament mentions wheat (Greek istσῖτος sitos) in the parables. The fourth chapter of the Gospel of Mark (Mk 4,26-29) states that a human can‘t influence God‘s Kingdom, because just as the wheat he produces the ear on his own.


mentions: several

other text passages (selected): 

Deuteronomy 16,13

2. Samuel 17,2

Matthew 13,25

Matthew 3,12



Riede, Peter: Getreide, in: Das wissenschaftliche Bibellexikon im Internet (Juli 2018), URL: https://www.bibelwissenschaft.de/wibilex/das-bibellexikon/lexikon/sachwort/anzeigen/details/getreide/ch/c0af3acffbbd61d0b7545c9bc95a99b5/ (abgerufen 01.05.2023). 

Modern King James Version.

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