• Research Areas

    • Religious components of violent conflicts
    • History of Islam (Arab World and South Asia)
    • Intellectual history of Jihad during the Crusades
    • Jihad and Jihadism
    • Global history
  • Doctoral Thesis

    Nūr ad-Dīn and the Sunni ʿUlamāʾ of Damascus

    • Drews, Wolfram

    The dissertation deals with Nūr ad-Dīn Maḥmūd b. Zankī (died 1174) and his relationship with the Sunni scholars in his capital city of Damascus. Especially in the later years of his reign, the ruler was known as a benefactor of religious foundations. An example for this practice is the ḥadīṯ scholar Ibn ʿAsākir who was financially supported by Nūr ad-Dīn while writing his principal work "Tārīḫ Dimašq". The text mostly deals with the deeds of noted inhabitants of Damascus. The work shall be used to identify ʿUlamāʾ supported by Nūr ad-Dīn; subsequently the type of patronage will be determined. By combining the information derived from this analysis with research based on other contemporary works, such as Ibn al-Aṯīrs "al-Kāmil fī at-Tārīḫ", a sociogram will be devised, showing to what extent Nūr ad-Dīn’s support of individual scholars was linked to social or ethnic origin, schools of jurisprudence or theological orientation. In a final step Nūr al-Din’s patronage of Sunni scholars will be analysed within the context of his policy against both Shiites and Crusaders. I will ask whether and to what extent increasing religious intolerance of Shiites and emphasis on ǧihād can be detected with scholars supported by Nūr ad-Dīn.

  • CV


    PhD student, University of Münster
    M.A. in Global history, Heidelberg University
    B.A. in History and Islamic studies, University of Tübingen
    Secondary education and Higher School Certificate (Abitur) at Schiller-Schule Bochum


    Scholarship holder of the graduate school at the Cluster of Excellence "Religion and Politics" at Münster University
    Assistant professor (paternal leave replacement) at the chair of early and high middle ages/ transcultural history (Prof. Dr. Wolfram Drews) at Münster University
    Research assistant of project "Monarchical Rule and Religious Community-Building" (Prof. Dr. Wolfram Drews) at the Cluster of Excellence "Religion and Politics" at Münster University
    Internship (full-time) with German International Cooperation (GIZ) at Technical Trainers College (TTC) in Riyadh, Saudi-Arabia
  • Publications


    Articles in Journals
    • Khan Nadeem. . ‘Nūr ad-Dīn Zankī and ʿUmar al-Mallāʾ. Awqāf, ǧihād, and Religious Fraternization in the 12th Century.’ Frühmittelalterliche Studien 50: 329-359.
    Articles in Edited Books
    • Khan Nadeem. . ‘The Caliphates between Imperial Rule and Imagined Suzerainty – A Case Study on Imperial Rituals during Saladin’s Rise to Power.’ In Transcultural Approaches to the Concept of Imperial Rule in the Middle Ages, edited by Scholl Christian, Gebhardt Torben R., Clauß Jan, 185-219. Frankfurt am Main.

    Reports (Working, Research, Annual Reports)

    Other Publications (technical specifications, informal publications)

  • Talks

    • Khan, Nadeem (): "Religion und Politik. Die Rolle der sunnitischen Gelehrten unter Nūr ad-Dīn Zankī ". Forschungskolloquium 400-1500. Mittelalter, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, .
    • Khan, Nadeem (): "Das Sunni Revival in der Levante – Nūr ad-Dīn Zankī und die sunnitischen ʿulamāʾ". 33. Deutscher Orientalistentag „Asien, Afrika und Europa“, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, .
    • Khan, Nadeem (): "The Heirs of Nūr ad-Dīn? An Epoch-spanning Comparison of the “Islamic State’s” Perceptions of Justice and Jihad". 23. Internationaler Kongress der Deutschen Arbeitsgemeinschaft Vorderer Orient, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, .
    • Khan, Nadeem (): "al-Malik al-ʽĀdil? Justice between šarīʽa and maṣlaḥa as Defining Concept of Nūr ad-Dīn’s Rule". Workshop „Caliphs, Sultans, Presidents. Rulers between Religion and Realpolitik throughout Islamic History”, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, .
    • Khan, Nadeem (): "Zur Darstellung christlicher Frauen in muslimischen Quellen während der Kreuzzüge". Tagung "Gewalt, Krieg und Gender im Mittelalter", Schloss Herrenhausen, Hannover, .
    • Khan, Nadeem (): "Das Verhältnis zwischen Religion, Politik und Gewalt in der Islamischen Welt – Kontinuitäten und Diskontinuitäten". Seminar „Der unbekannte Islam“, Katholische Kirchengemeinde St. Joseph Münster-Süd, .
    • Khan, Nadeem (): "Säkularisierung? – Die Beziehung zwischen Religion und Politik in Christentum und Islam". Themenabend "Christentum und Islam – wie Religion(en) unsere Gesellschaft prägen" , Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, .
    • Khan, Nadeem (): "Sulṭān Nūr ad-Dīn – Ǧihād and Ṣadaqa. Piety or Politics?" Interdisciplinary Workshop "Monarchs and Religious Confraternities", Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, .
    • Khan, Nadeem (): "Die Deutschen Ṭālibān Muǧāhidīn – Geschichte, Ideologie und Identität". 6. Studentisches Symposium der Islamwissenschaft und verwandter Fächer , Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, .
    • Khan, Nadeem (): "Einschnitt 1857 – Der indische Aufstand aus Sicht konservativer Muslime". Offene Studentische Tagung Freiburg – Nachdenken über Zäsuren und Epochen, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, .