The project "Ultra-layered perception with brain-inspired information processing for vehicle collision avoidance" is funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. Its primary objective of this project is to develop a trustworthy vehicle collision detection system inspired by animals’ visual brain via trans-institutional collaboration.  Processing multiple modalities sensor data inputs, such as vision and thermal maps with innovative visual brain-inspired algorithms, the project will embrace multidisciplinary and cross-continental academia and industry cooperation in the field of bio-inspired visual neural systems via neural physiological experiments, software simulation, hardware realisation and system integration.  The innovative brain-inspired collision detection system has the advantages of low-cost spatial-temporal and parallel computing capacity of visual neural systems and can be realised in chips specifically for collision detection, both in normal and in complex and/or in extreme environments.