Dr. Andreas Werner



Andreas Werner was born in 1978 in Rendsburg, Germany. He studied Political Science, Philosophy as well as Peace and Conflict Studies at the University of Marburg and the Mount Allison University in Canada. In his Master thesis, Andreas Werner analyzed the 1991 and 2003 US-wars in Iraq by using a revised model of the securitization concept. After finishing his academic studies, he was an intern in the German parliament and in a Berlin lobby firm. Last, Werner worked as a journalist for the political magazine “politik&kommunikation” and the public relations journal “pressesprecher” in Berlin.



Comprehensive security or unilateral approach? State, NGOs and security governance in Germany and the Netherlands.

Security is not restricted anymore to the survival of states, the use of military force or responsive action alone. Migration, environmental issues and marginal economic development today are also perceived as potential threats to national and international security. Therefore, states like Germany and the Netherlands seek to face such potential threats pro-actively by coordinating various military, non-military, governmental and non-governmental actors within one comprehensive security strategy.

While the Netherlands are comparably successful with their “3-D-concept”, Germany and its “Action Plan civil crisis prevention” are objects of criticism. Beyond these differences, however, both strategies also have some similarities. On the one hand, both concepts aim to deeply coordinate their ministerial departments to talk with “one voice” towards non-state actors. On the other hand, both concepts also aim to incorporate NGOs and other civil-society actors into their security strategy. While in Germany NGOs are in general supposed to be integrated formally and institutionally, the Netherlands tend to favor rather non-institutionalized ways of communication and comprehension. Despite this difference, also in Germany there are informal meetings where representatives of the military and NGOs exchange their conflictive views and perspectives on modern security. But, does the state really perceive NGOs as serious partners, like these security approaches suggest? Or do NGOs merely serve as legitimating tools for the state in its Foreign and Security Policy? Hence, how much autonomy and participation is granted to NGOs by the modern state within these processes? Can thus finally be argued that Germany and the Netherlands in fact pursue a comprehensive security approach, respectively, or is their Foreign and Security Policy rather unilateral, i.e. traditionally hierarchical?

This project argues that both countries attempt to implement systems of security governance to pursue a new comprehensive Foreign and Security Policy which seeks to pro-actively face threats to national or international security. Also, this PhD-project proposes that the Dutch system of governance is more effective than the German system and therefore grants NGOs more autonomy and participation.

In order to be able to explain the management of modern Foreign and Security Policy, one need to examine the role and perspective of civil society actors like NGOs in this context and inquire how the national level of security governance is structured and how this system is pursued. Contrary to security governance perspectives that merely focus on the outcome of Foreign Policy, this inquiry seeks to develop a strategic perspective on modern security governance that includes the input side. As a methodological approach, policy analysis, expert interviews and a comparative country analysis of Germany and the Netherlands will be undertaken.


Werner, Andreas (2011): „Von Manhattan nach Bagdad: Die Legitimation des Irakkrieges im Licht des 11. Septembers“, in: Jäger, Thomas (Hrsg.): Die Welt nach 9/11 – Auswirkungen des Terrorismus auf Staatenwelt und Gesellschaft. Zeitschrift für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik, Sonderheft 2/2011, Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, S. 432-450.

Werner, Andreas (2011): „Zivil-militärische Zusammenarbeit in Krisengebieten. Aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse mit zivilgesellschaftlichem Fokus“ (Opusculum Nr. 47) Berlin: Maecenata Institut. URN:urn:nbn:de:0243-062011op475, Onlineversion

Werner, Andreas (2008): Securitization als Diskurs: Der Kontext Akteur/Publikum am Beispiel der Irakkriege 1991 & 2003, Berlin: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag, ISBN-13: 978-3865733467.

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