> Dr. Judit Bayer

Judit Bayer dr. habil. ist außerordentliche Professorin für Medienrecht und internationales Recht an der Budapest Business School in Ungarn und Schumann-Stipendiatin an der Universität Münster. Ihre Forschungsinteresse liegt im Bereich Menschenrechte, Meinungsfreiheit, Medienfreiheit und Pluralismus sowie der Privatsphäre. Sie hat einen Doktortitel in Verfassungsrecht (Internetregulierung) und sich im Rahmen ihrer Habilitation mit Verfassungsrecht (Datenschutz) auseinandergesetzt.

Judit Bayer hat mehrere Bücher und Artikel im Bereich der Meinungs- und Medienfreiheit verfasst, insbesondere zur Haftung von Internetdiensteanbietern, von Social-Media-Plattformen, zur Meinungsfreiheit im Internet, zum öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunk und zu Menschenrechten. Sie hat zahlreiche Artikel veröffentlicht und Vorträge auf internationalen Konferenzen gehalten, sowie an wirkungsstarken Forschungsprojekten teilgenommen, unter anderem zum Medienpluralismus in der Europäischen Union im Jahr 2016, zu Desinformation und Propaganda und ihren Auswirkungen auf Menschenrechte und Demokratien im Jahr 2018, zu Hassreden und Hassverbrechen in der Europäischen Union und deren Regulierung im Online-Bereich. Mit weiteren Projekten – u.a. solchen im Zusammenhang mit der Meinungsfreiheit – befindet sie sich in der Forschungsphase.

 

Aktuelle Veröffentlichungen

Bayer, J. – Kalbhenn, J. (2021) Masse und Macht –  Auf der Suche nach Regeln für digitale Kommunikationsplattformen. ZUM – Zeitschrift für Urheber- und Medienrecht, p. 323 – 329

Bayer, J. (2020): Disinformation and its Certain Regulatory Approaches. Landesanstalt für Medien, NRW. Düsseldorf.

Bayer, J. (2021): High-impact hate speech by persons of authority: a lower threshold needed? Acta Juridica, Vol. 61/1. Accepted publication.

Bayer, J. (2020): Double harm to voters: data-driven micro-targeting and democratic public discourse. Internet Policy Review9(1):. DOI: 10.14763/2020.1.1460

Bayer, J. – Bárd, P.  (2020): Hate speech and hate crime in the EU and the evaluation of online content regulation approaches. Research Paper for the European Parliament, Policy Department C: Citizens‘ Rights And Constitutional Affairs, Brussels. ISBN 978-92-846-6902-8 | doi:10.2861/28047. 168 pp.

Bayer, J. (2019): The illusion of pluralism. Regulatory aspects of equality in the new media. In: Trappel, Josef (ed): Digital Media Inequalities. Policies against divides, distrust and discrimination. Nordicom, Göteborg. 127-140.

Bayer, J. (2019): Between Anarchy and Censorship. Research Paper prepared as part of the ENGAGE II Fellowship Programme, with support by the Open Society Initiative for Europe (OSIFE), under supervision of Sergio Carrera. Brussels, online only.

Bayer, J. (2018): Media freedom and pluralism: legislation and enforcement at the European level. Era Forum – Journal of the Academy of European Law. Vol.19. Springer. ISSN 1612-3093. 101-113.

 

Dr. Judit Bayer is running and participating in projects on platform regulation:

1 – Platform regulation: Triggers like hate speech and various models for regulation

In cooperation with the University of Essex and the University of Helsinki, ITM has organised a virtual workshop series between November 2020 and June 2021.

Most of the papers are collected into a volume edited by Judit Bayer, Bernd Holznagel, Lorna Woods and Päivi Korpisaari.

2 – Topical Program „Algorithmization and Social Interaction“

Professor Holznagel and Judit Bayer participate in the Topical Program  „Algorithmization and Social Interaction“ led by Prof. Dr. Heike Trautmann, and initiated by a consortium of researchers from the Faculty of Law, School of Business and Economics, and Faculty of Educational and Social Science at the University of Münster.

The purpose of the interdisciplinary research cooperation is to explore how (artificially intelligent) algorithms can be used to influence social interaction, in particular, the regulative and legal implications for individuals and the whole society.

The cooperation is launched in March 2021 with a series of academic discussions and an interdisciplinary workshop to discuss the possible approaches to tackling disinformation.

3 – „Responsibility of platforms towards ensuring user rights

The research is funded by the DAAD scholarship for ‚Forschungsaufenthalte für Hochschullehrer und Wissenschaftler, 2020′.

Realisation of the project is planned between 24 Mai – 22 July.

Research question: In what way can co-regulation – like the NetzDG – ensure individual users‘ right, through ensuring due process and transparency?

Research hypothesis: The current state of the play is to push the power – and responsibility – of deciding about questions related to freedom of expression on the social media platform providers. In the triangle of freedom of expression social media platforms enjoy a disproportionate power to the detriment of the other two actors: authorities and individuals.

4 – Disinformation in the light of freedom of expression

A policy research to inform the European Parliament is led by Dr. Bayer, with the participation of current and former members of the ITM and Professor Holznagel.

In recent years, disinformation actions increasingly merged with genuine content, and their sources became even more difficult to identify. Particularly strong impacts were seen in cases where disinformation and manipulative propaganda were spread by individuals with high levels of political authority, who enjoy the trust and attention of citizens. Diverse legislative and policy measurements were introduced by various Member States and third states, and civil society responses also flourished, particularly in relation to increasing resilience against disinformation. The aim of the research is to provide recommendations on legislative and policy measures which respect freedom of expression, and help to protect democracy, the rule of law, and fundamental rights from the impact of disinformation.

Die rechtlichen Grundprinzipen für künstliche Intelligenz

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