Angela Stevens (Universität Münster): Cross-Diffusion, Aggregation-Equations, and Singularities - an Introduction. Oberseminar Analysis

Wednesday, 25.11.2020 11:00 per ZOOM: Link to Zoom info

Mathematik und Informatik

Cross-diffusion models in biomathematics are of strong interest, e.g. in ecology. A well known example in microbiology is the by now classical Keller-Segel model for chemotaxis. The original system of four PDEs can be reduced to two PDEs: a diffusion equation with strong nonlinear drift for chemotactically moving cells and a reaction-diffusion equation for the attractive chemical agent. In a further reduction this model relates to classical models for self-gravitational collapse. A change of sign for the nonlinear drift relates to semi-conductor equations. Interestingly, the occuring blowup of solutions relates to the biological phenomena of self-organisation. In two spatial dimensions a crucial dichotomy was proved in the 90's, namely blowup of solutions vs. existence of global solutions in dependence of a critical parameter, which relates to the strength of the nonlinear drift or to a critical mass. Proofs depend, e.g. on the Moser-Trudinger inequality and non-trivial stationary states relate to a certain extent to the Gauss-Bonnet formula.

Solving the stationary reaction-diffusion equation for the chemical agent, and plugging it into the diffusion-drift equation, a non-local equation with Newtonian or Bessel potential results. Generalizing these potentials relates to the analysis of by now so-called aggregation equations.

In this talk we present qualitative results on pattern formation within this class of nonlinear equations, including the development of singularities.

Angelegt am Monday, 23.11.2020 14:43 von wuebbel
Geändert am Tuesday, 24.11.2020 06:58 von wuebbel
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