Peter Markowich (KAUST / Cambridge / Vienna): Mathematical Analysis of a PDE System for Biological Network Formation

Dienstag, 03.02.2015 14:15 im Raum SRZ 105
Mathematik und Informatik

Abstract: Motivated by recent physics papers describing basis principles for biological network formation, we study an elliptic-parabolic system of partial differential equations proposed by D. Hu and D. Cai in 2012. The model describes the pressure field by a Darcy’s type equation and the dynamics of the network conductance under pressure force effects with diffusion representing randomness in the material structure. We prove the existence of global weak solutions and of local mild solutions and study their long time behavior. It turns out that, by energy dissipation, steady states play a central role in understanding the pattern capacity of the system. We show that for a large diffusion coefficient, the zero steady stateis stable. Patterns occur for small values of the diffusion coefficient because the zero steady state is Turing unstable in this range; for vanishing diffusion we can exhibit a large class of dynamically stable (in the linearized sense) steady states.

Angelegt am Mittwoch, 28.01.2015 10:43 von mburg_01
Geändert am Mittwoch, 28.01.2015 10:43 von mburg_01
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