Academics at the Department of Biology

Wissenschaftlicher Werdegang
1996 Diploma Thesis, University of Cologne
1996-1999 PhD thesis (Dr. rer. nat.), University of Bonn
1999-2005 Research associate, MPI of Limnology, Plön
2005-2006 Assistant professor, ETH Zürich, Switzerland
2006-2007 Fellow/Convenor, Institute of Advanced Study (Wissenschaftskolleg), Berlin
2006 Full Professor (W3), WWU Münster, Zoology: Animal Evolutionary Ecology

- Zoology
- Evolution and Biodiversity
- Evolutionary ecology
- Evolutionary immunology
- Evolutionary parasitology
- Evolution of immune systems
- Host-parasite coevolution
- Evolutionary ecology of parasites

Ausgewählte Projekte

- The evolutionary ecology of specificity and phenotypic plasticity in innate immunity
- Adaptation of parasites to different host immune systems

Ausgewählte Kooperationen
- ETH Zürich (Switzerland), Institute of Integrative Biology (Prof. P. Schmid-Hempel, Prof. S. Bonhoeffer)
- Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Biology Plön (Dr. M. Kalbe, Prof. M. Milinski)
- German Parasitological Society, Ecological Parasitology Group (Prof. B. Sures, University Essen)
- University of Sheffield (UK), Evolution and Behaviour Research Group (Dr. J. Rolff, Prof. M. Siva-Jothy).


  • Valverde J., Eggert H., Kurtz J., Schielzeth H. . ‘Condition-dependence and sexual ornamentation: Effects of immune challenges on a highly sexually dimorphic grasshopper.’ Insect Science null, No. null. doi: 10.1111/1744-7917.12448. [In Press]
  • Kurtz J, Armitage SAO. . ‘Dissecting the dynamics of trans-generational immune priming.’ MOLECULAR ECOLOGY 26, No. 15: 3857-3859. doi: 10.1111/mec.14190.
  • Futo M, Sell MP, Kutzer MAM, Kurtz J. . ‘Specificity of oral immune priming in the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum.’ BIOLOGY LETTERS 13, No. 12. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2017.0632.
  • Hamley M., Franke F., Kurtz J., Scharsack J.P. . ‘An experimental approach to the immuno-modulatory basis of host-parasite local adaptation in tapeworm-infected sticklebacks.’ Experimental Parasitology 180, No. SI: 119-132. doi: 10.1016/j.exppara.2017.03.004.
  • Greenwood J., Milutinović B., Peuß R., Behrens S., Esser D., Rosenstiel P., Schulenburg H., Kurtz J. . ‘Oral immune priming with Bacillus thuringiensis induces a shift in the gene expression of Tribolium castaneum larvae.’ BMC Genomics 18, No. 1. doi: 10.1186/s12864-017-3705-7.
  • Ferro K, Ferro D, Corra F, Bakiu R, Santovito G, Kurtz J. . ‘Cu,Zn Superoxide Dismutase Genes in Tribolium castaneum: Evolution, Molecular Characterisation, and Gene Expression during Immune Priming.’ FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY 8. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2017.01811.
  • Talarico M., Seifert F., Lange J., Sachser N., Kurtz J., Scharsack J. . ‘Specific manipulation or systemic impairment? Behavioural changes of three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) infected with the tapeworm Schistocephalus solidus.’ Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 71, No. 2. doi: 10.1007/s00265-017-2265-9.
  • Franke F, Armitage SAO, Kutzer MAM, Kurtz J, Scharsack JP. . ‘Environmental temperature variation influences fitness trade-offs and tolerance in a fish-tapeworm association.’ Parasites & Vectors 10. doi: 10.1186/s13071-017-2192-7.
  • Armitage SAO, Kurtz J, Brites D, Dong Y, Du Pasquier L, Wang HC. . ‘Dscam1 in pancrustacean immunity: Current status and a look to the future.’ Frontiers in Immunology 8. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2017.00662.
  • Catania F., Krohs U., Chittò M., Ferro D., Ferro K., Lepennetier G., Görtz H., Schreiber R., Kurtz J., Gadau J. . ‘The hologenome concept: we need to incorporate function.’ Theory in Biosciences 136: 89-98. doi: 10.1007/s12064-016-0240-z.
  • Lugert V, Meyer EI, Kurtz J, Scharsack JP. . ‘Effects of an anthropogenic saltwater inlet on three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) (Teleostei: Gasterosteidae) and their parasites in an inland brook.’ EUROPEAN ZOOLOGICAL JOURNAL 84, No. 1: 444-456. doi: 10.1080/24750263.2017.1356386.
  • Kurtz J, Schulenburg H, Reusch TBH. . ‘Host–parasite coevolution—Rapid reciprocal adaptation and its genetic basis.’ Zoology 119. doi: 10.1016/j.zool.2016.06.011.
  • Scharsack JP, Franke F, Erin NI, Kuske A, Büscher J, Stolz H, Samonte IE, Kurtz J, Kalbe M. . ‘Effects of environmental variation on host–parasite interaction in three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus).’ Zoology 119. doi: 10.1016/j.zool.2016.05.008.
  • Milutinovic B, Peuß R, Ferro K, Kurtz J. . ‘Immune priming in arthropods: an update focusing on the red flour beetle.’ Zoology 119. doi: 10.1016/j.zool.2016.03.006.
  • Peuß R, Wensing K, Woestmann L, Eggert H, Milutinović B, Sroka M, Scharsack JP, Kurtz J, Armitage S. . ‘Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule 1: Testing for a role in insect immunity, behaviour and reproduction.’ Royal Society Open Science 3, No. 4. doi: 10.1098/rsos.160138.
  • Milutinovic B, Kurtz J. . ‘Immune memory in invertebrates.’ Seminars in Immunology 28. doi: 10.1016/j.smim.2016.05.004.
  • Futo M, Armitage SAO, Kurtz J. . ‘Microbiota plays a role in oral immune priming in Tribolium castaneum.’ Frontiers in Microbiology 6. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.01383.
  • Coustau C, Kurtz J, Moret Y. . ‘A Novel Mechanism of Immune Memory Unveiled at the Invertebrate-Parasite Interface.’ Trends in Parasitology null, No. null. doi: 10.1016/
  • Masri L, Branca A, Sheppard AE, Papkou A, Laehnemann D, Guenther PS, Prahl S, Saebelfeld M, Hollensteiner J, Liesegang H, Brzuszkiewicz E, Daniel R, Michiels NK, Schulte RD, Kurtz J, Rosenstiel P, Telschow A, Bornberg-Bauer E, Schulenburg H. . ‘Host-Pathogen Coevolution: The Selective Advantage of Bacillus thuringiensis Virulence and Its Cry Toxin Genes.’ PLoS biology 13, No. 6: e1002169. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002169.
  • Eggert H, Diddens-de Buhr MF, Kurtz J. . ‘A temperature shock can lead to trans-generational immune priming in the Red Flour Beetle, Tribolium castaneum.’ Ecology and Evolution 2015: 1-9. doi: 10.1002/ece3.1443.
  • Peuß R, Eggert H, Armitage SAO, Kurtz J. . ‘Downregulation of the evolutionary capacitor Hsp90 is mediated by social cues.’ Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 282. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2015.2041.
  • Milutinović B., Höfling C., Futo M., Scharsack J., Kurtz J. . ‘Infection of Tribolium castaneum with Bacillus thuringiensis: Quantification of bacterial replication within cadavers, transmission via cannibalism, and inhibition of spore germination.’ Applied and Environmental Microbiology 81, No. 23: 8135-8144. doi: 10.1128/AEM.02051-15.
  • Ballarin L., Du Pasquier L., Rinkevich B., Kurtz J. . ‘Evolutionary aspects of allorecognition.’ Invertebrate Survival Journal 12, No. null: 233-236.
  • Behrens S, Peuß R, Milutinović B, Eggert H, Esser D, Rosenstiel P, Schulenburg H, Bornberg-Bauer E, Kurtz J. . ‘Infection routes matter in population-specific responses of the red flour beetle to the entomopathogen Bacillus thuringiensis.BMC Genomics 15: 445. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-15-445.
  • Armitage SA, Sun W, You X, Kurtz J, Schmucker D, Chen W. . ‘Quantitative Profiling of Drosophila melanogaster Dscam1 Isoforms Reveals No Changes in Splicing after Bacterial Exposure.PloS one 9, No. 10: e108660. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108660.
  • Eggert H, Kurtz J, Diddens-de Buhr MF. . ‘Different effects of paternal trans-generational immune priming on survival and immunity in step and genetic offspring.Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society 281, No. 1797. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.2089.
  • Kutyrev IA, Franke F, Büscher J, Kurtz J, Scharsack JP. . ‘In vitro effects of prostaglandin E2 on leucocytes from sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) infected and not infected with the cestode Schistocephalus solidus.Fish & shellfish immunology 41: 4473-481. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2014.09.031.
  • Armitage SAO, Peuß R, Kurtz J,. . ‘Dscam and pancrustacean immune memory - A review of the evidence.’ Developmental and Comparative Immunology 48. doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2014.03.004.
  • Kutyrev I., Franke F., Büscher J., Kurtz J., Scharsack J. . ‘Invitro effects of prostaglandin E2 on leucocytes from sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) infected and not infected with the cestode Schistocephalus solidus.’ Fish and Shellfish Immunology 41, No. 2: 473-481. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2014.09.031.
  • Dittmar J., Janssen H., Kuske A., Kurtz J., Scharsack J.P. . ‘Heat and immunity: An experimental heat wave alters immune functions in three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus).’ Journal of Animal Ecology 83, No. 4: 744-757. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12175.
  • Kurtz J., Heiming R. . „Krankheit und Evolution.“ In wissen.leben.ethik, herausgegeben von Ach Johann S., Lüttenberg Beate, Quante Michael, 193-201. Münster: mentis.
  • Milutinović B, Fritzlar S, Kurtz J. . ‘Increased Survival in the Red Flour Beetle after Oral Priming with Bacteria-Conditioned Media.’ J Innate Immun 6, No. 3: 306-314. doi: 10.1159/000355211.
  • Joop G., Roth O., Schmid-Hempel P., Kurtz J. . ‘Experimental evolution of external immune defences in the red flour beetle.’ Journal of Evolutionary Biology 27, No. 8: 1562-1571. doi: 10.1111/jeb.12406.
  • Scharsack J.P., Gossens A., Franke F., Kurtz J. . ‘Excretory products of the cestode, Schistocephalus solidus, modulate invitro responses of leukocytes from its specific host, the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus).’ Fish and Shellfish Immunology 35, No. 6: 1779-1787. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2013.08.029.
  • Milutinovic B, Stolpe C, Peuß R, Armitage SAO, Kurtz J. . ‘The red flour beetle as a model for bacterial oral infections.’ PLOS One 8. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064638.
  • Armitage SAO, Freiburg RY, Kurtz J, Bravo IG. . ‘The evolution of Dscam genes across the arthropods.BMC Evolutionary Biology 12: 53. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-12-53.
  • Scharsack JP, Schweyen H, Schmidt AM, Dittmar J, Reusch TBH, Kurtz J. . ‘Population genetic dynamics of three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) in anthropogenic altered habitats.’ ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION 2, No. 6: 1122-1143. doi: 10.1002/ece3.232.
  • Roth O, Kurtz J, Reusch TBH. . ‘A summer heat wave decreases the immunocompetence of the mesograzer, Idotea baltica.’ MARINE BIOLOGY 157, No. 7: 1605-1611. doi: 10.1007/s00227-010-1433-5.
  • Roth O, Joop G, Eggert H, Hilbert J, Daniel J, Schmid-Hempel P, Kurtz J. . ‘Paternally derived immune priming for offspring in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum.’ JOURNAL OF ANIMAL ECOLOGY 79, No. 2: 403-413. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2009.01617.x.
  • Schulenburg H, Kurtz J, Moret Y, Siva-Jothy MT. . ‘Introduction. Ecological immunology.’ Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 364, No. 1513: 3-14. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2008.0249.
  • Roth O, Kurtz J. . ‘Phagocytosis mediates specificity in the immune defence of an invertebrate, the woodlouse Porcellio scaber (Crustacea: Isopoda).’ DEVELOPMENTAL AND COMPARATIVE IMMUNOLOGY 33, No. 11: 1151-1155. doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2009.04.005.
  • Schulenburg H, Kurtz J, Moret Y, Siva-Jothy MT. . ‘Ecological immunology.’ PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 364, No. 1513: 3-14. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2008.0249.
  • Roth O, Sadd BM, Schmid-Hempel P, Kurtz J. . ‘Strain-specific priming of resistance in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum.’ PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 276, No. 1654: 145-151. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2008.1157.
  • Hammerschmidt K, Kurtz J. . ‘Ecological Immunology of a Tapeworms' Interaction with its Two Consecutive Hosts.’68: 111+. doi: 10.1016/S0065-308X(08)00605-2.
  • Roth O, Kurtz J. . ‘The stimulation of immune defence accelerates development in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum).’ JOURNAL OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY 21, No. 6: 1703-1710. doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2008.01584.x.
  • Kurtz J, Scharsack JP. . Resistance is skin-deep: innate immunity may help amphibians to survive a deadly fungus. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-1795.2007.00149.x.
  • Kurtz J. . Big fleas have little fleas: How discoveries of invertebrate diseases are advancing modern science.. doi: 10.1002/ajhb.20696.
  • Krobbach CK, Kalbe M, Kurtz J, Scharsack JP. . ‘Infectivity of two nematode parasites, Camallanus lacustris and Anguillicola crassus, in a paratenic host, the three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus.’ DISEASES OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS 74, No. 2: 119-126. doi: 10.3354/dao074119.
  • Hammerschmidt K, Kurtz J. . ‘Schistocephalus solidus: Establishment of tapeworms in sticklebacks - fast food or fast lane?EXPERIMENTAL PARASITOLOGY 116, No. 2: 142-149. doi: 10.1016/j.exppara.2006.12.013.
  • Kurtz J. . ‘The correlation between immunocompetence and an ornament trait changes over lifetime in Panorpa vulgaris scorpionflies.’ ZOOLOGY 110, No. 5: 336-343. doi: 10.1016/j.zool.2007.07.001.
  • Kurtz J, Kalbe M, Langefors S, Mayer I, Milinski M, Hasselquist D. . ‘An experimental test of the immunocompetence handicap hypothesis in a teleost fish: 11-ketotestosterone suppresses innate immunity in three-spined sticklebacks.’ AMERICAN NATURALIST 170, No. 4: 509-519. doi: 10.1086/521316.
  • Kurtz J., Scharsack J.P. . ‘Resistance is skin-deep: Innate immunity may help amphibians to survive a deadly fungus.’ Animal Conservation 10, No. 4: 422-424. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-1795.2007.00149.x.
  • Kalbe M, Kurtz J. . ‘Local differences in immunocompetence reflect resistance of sticklebacks against the eye fluke Diplostomum pseudospathaceum.’ PARASITOLOGY 132, No. Part 1: 105-116. doi: 10.1017/S0031182005008681.
  • Wegner K, Kalbe M, Rauch G, Kurtz J, Schaschl H, Reusch T. . ‘Genetic variation in MHC class II expression and interactions with MHC sequence polymorphism in three-spined sticklebacks.’ MOLECULAR ECOLOGY 15, No. 4: 1153-1164. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2006.02855.x.
  • Kurtz J, Wegner KM, Kalbe M, Reusch TBH, Schaschl H, Hasselquist D, Milinski M. . ‘MHC genes and oxidative stress in sticklebacks: an immuno-ecological approach.’ PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 273, No. 1592: 1407-1414. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2005.3450.
  • Kurtz J, Hammerschmidt K. . ‘Resistance against heterogeneous sequential infections: experimental studies with a tapeworm and its copepod host.’ JOURNAL OF HELMINTHOLOGY 80, No. 2: 199-206. doi: 10.1079/JOH2006349.
  • Kurtz J, Armitage SAO. . ‘Alternative adaptive immunity in invertebrates.’ TRENDS IN IMMUNOLOGY 27, No. 11: 493-496. doi: 10.1016/
  • Kurtz J. . ‘Specific memory within innate immune systems.’ TRENDS IN IMMUNOLOGY 26, No. 4: 186-192. doi: 10.1016/
  • Irmak P, Kurtz J, Zimmer M. . ‘Immune response in Porcellio scaber (Isopoda : Oniscidea): copper revisited.’ EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL BIOLOGY 41, No. 3-4: 77-83. doi: 10.1016/j.ejsobi.2005.09.011.
  • Jacot A, Scheuber H, Kurtz J, Brinkhof M. . ‘Juvenile immune system activation induces a costly upregulation of adult immunity in field crickets Gryllus campestris.’ PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 272, No. 1558: 63-69. doi: 10.1098/rspc.2004.2919.
  • Hammerschmidt K, Kurtz J. . ‘Surface carbohydrate composition of a tapeworm in its consecutive intermediate hosts: Individual variation and fitness consequences.’ INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR PARASITOLOGY 35, No. 14: 1499-1507. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2005.08.011.
  • Jacot A, Scheuber H, Kurtz J, Brinkhof M. . ‘Juvenile immune status affects the expression of a sexually selected trait in field crickets.’ JOURNAL OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY 18, No. 4: 1060-1068. doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2005.00899.x.
  • Hammerschmidt K, Kurtz J. . ‘Evolutionary implications of the adaptation to different immune systems in a parasite with a complex life cycle.’ PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 272, No. 1580: 2511-2518. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2005.3241.
  • Kurtz J. . ‘Memory in the innate and adaptive immune systems.’ MICROBES AND INFECTION 6, No. 15: 1410-1417. doi: 10.1016/j.micinf.2004.10.002.
  • Hammerschmidt K, Kurtz J. . ‘Following a parasite through its life cycle: how tough is it to cope with different immune systems?INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY 293, No. Suppl. 38: 53.
  • Field S, Kurtz J, Cooper E, Michiels N. . ‘Evaluation of an innate immune reaction to parasites in earthworms.’ JOURNAL OF INVERTEBRATE PATHOLOGY 86, No. 1-2: 45-49. doi: 10.1016/j.jiip.2004.04.001.
  • Wegner K, Kalbe M, Kurtz J, Reusch T, Milinski M. . ‘Response to comment on ''Parasite selection for immunogenetic optimality{''}}.’ SCIENCE 303, No. 5660. doi: 10.1126/science.1093355.
  • Kurtz J, Kalbe M, Aeschlimann P, Haberli M, Wegner K, Reusch T, Milinski M. . ‘Major histocompatibility complex diversity influences parasite resistance and innate immunity in sticklebacks.’ PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 271, No. 1535: 197-204. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2003.2567.
  • Scharsack J, Kalbe M, Derner R, Kurtz J, Milinski M. . ‘Modulation of granulocyte responses in three-spined sticklebacks Gasterosteus aculeatus infected with the tapeworm Schistocephalus solidus.’ DISEASES OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS 59, No. 2: 141-150. doi: 10.3354/dao059141.
  • Scharsack J.P., Kalbe M., Derner R., Kurtz J., Milinski M. . ‘Modulation of granulocyte responses in three-spined sticklebacks Gasterosteus aculeatus infected with the tapeworm Schistocephalus solidus.’ Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 59, No. 2: 141-150.
  • Kurtz J, Franz K. . ‘Evidence for memory in invertebrate immunity.’ NATURE 425, No. 6953: 37-38. doi: 10.1038/425037a.
  • Wegner K, Kalbe M, Kurtz J, Reusch T, Milinski M. . ‘Parasite selection for immunogenetic optimality.’ SCIENCE 301, No. 5638: 1343. doi: 10.1126/science.1088293.
  • Kurtz J. . ‘Sex, parasites and resistance - an evolutionary approach.’ ZOOLOGY 106, No. 4: 327-339. doi: 10.1078/0944-2006-00126.
  • Kurtz J, van der Veen I, Ryder J. . ‘Ecological immunity of arthropods - a thread of Ariadne?TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION 17, No. 5: 204-205. doi: 10.1016/S0169-5347(02)02457-6.
  • Kurtz J, van der Veen I, Christen M. . ‘Fluorescent vital labeling to track cestodes in a copepod intermediate host.’ EXPERIMENTAL PARASITOLOGY 100, No. 1: 36-43. doi: 10.1006/expr.2001.4681.
  • Van der Veen I, Kurtz J. . ‘To avoid or eliminate: cestode infections in copepods.’ PARASITOLOGY 124, No. Part 4: 465-474. doi: 10.1017/S0031182001001275.
  • Kurtz J. . ‘Phagocytosis by invertebrate hemocytes: Causes of individual variation in Panorpa vulgaris scorpionflies.’ MICROSCOPY RESEARCH AND TECHNIQUE 57, No. 6: 456-468. doi: 10.1002/jemt.10099.
  • Christen M, Kurtz J, Milinski M. . ‘Outcrossing increases infection success and competitive ability: Experimental evidence from a hermaphrodite parasite.’ EVOLUTION 56, No. 11: 2243-2251.
  • Kurtz J, Klappert K, Schneider W, Reinhold K. . ‘Immune defence, dispersal and local adaptation.’ EVOLUTIONARY ECOLOGY RESEARCH 4, No. 3: 431-439.
  • Franz K, Kurtz J. . ‘Altered host behaviour: manipulation or energy depletion in tapeworm-infected copepods?PARASITOLOGY 125, No. Part 2: 187-196. doi: 10.1017/S0031182002001932.
  • Reinhold K, Kurtz J, Engqvist L. . ‘Cryptic male choice: sperm allocation strategies when female quality varies.’ JOURNAL OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY 15, No. 2: 201-209. doi: 10.1046/j.1420-9101.2002.00390.x.
  • Kurtz J, Sauer K. . ‘Gender differences in phenoloxidase activity of Panorpa vulgaris hemocytes.’ JOURNAL OF INVERTEBRATE PATHOLOGY 78, No. 1: 53-55. doi: 10.1006/jipa.2001.5040.
  • Kurtz J, Reinhold K, Engqvist L. . ‘Immunosuppression under stress: necessary for condition-dependent signalling?TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION 15, No. 10: 418-419. doi: 10.1016/S0169-5347(00)01969-8.
  • Kurtz J, Wiesner A, Gotz P, Sauer K. . ‘Gender differences and individual variation in the immune system of the scorpionfly Panorpa vulgaris (Insecta : Mecoptera).’ DEVELOPMENTAL AND COMPARATIVE IMMUNOLOGY 24, No. 1: 1-12. doi: 10.1016/S0145-305X(99)00057-9.
  • Kurtz J, Nahif A, Sauer K. . ‘Phagocytosis of Vairimorpha sp (Microsporida, Nosematidae) spores by Plutella xylostella and Panorpa vulgaris hemocytes.’ JOURNAL OF INVERTEBRATE PATHOLOGY 75, No. 3: 237-239. doi: 10.1006/jipa.1999.4909.
  • Wipking W, Kurtz J. . ‘Genetic variability in the diapause response of the burnet moth Zygaena trifolii (Lepidoptera : Zygaenidae).’ JOURNAL OF INSECT PHYSIOLOGY 46, No. 2: 127-134. doi: 10.1016/S0022-1910(99)00108-0.
  • Kurtz J, Sauer K. . ‘The immunocompetence handicap hypothesis: testing the genetic predictions.’ PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 266, No. 1437: 2515-2522. doi: 10.1098/rspb.1999.0954.
  • Reinhold K, Engqvist L, Misof B, Kurtz J. . ‘Meiotic drive and evolution of female choice.’ PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 266, No. 1426: 1341-1345. doi: 10.1098/rspb.1999.0785.
  • Gerken T, Kurtz J, Sauer K, Lubjuhn T. . ‘DNA preparation and efficient microsatellite analysis from insect hemolymph.’ ELECTROPHORESIS 19, No. 18: 3069-3070. doi: 10.1002/elps.1150191804.
  • Sauer K, Lubjuhn T, Sindern J, Kullmann H, Kurtz J, Epplen C, Epplen J. . ‘Mating system and sexual selection in the scorpionfly Panorpa vulgaris (Mecoptera : Panorpidae).’ NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN 85, No. 5: 219-228. doi: 10.1007/s001140050487.