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Indirect assessment of personality and interpersonal perceptions

People process information about themselves and their social environment in not only an explicit (i.e., reflective, controlled or conscious) but also an implicit (i.e., impulsive, automatic or unconscious) mode. Our self-concepts well as our perceptions of social partners can be understood as the result of the typical functioning (across time and multiple situations) of both kinds of processes. Moreover, explicit and implicit aspects of our self-concepts and interpersonal perceptions jointly determine our social behaviors and decisions. In the ongoing project we develop reliable indirect tests of personality (e.g., Big Five, self-esteem) and interpersonal perceptions (e.g., liking). These indirect tests are thought to capture implicit aspects that cannot be assessed by standard questionnaire measures due to response factors and introspective limits. The utility of these new assessment tools is tested by analyzing whether they can predict actual behavior and consequential outcomes above and beyond traditional self-reports (incremental validity).

Representative publications:
Back, M. D., Krause, S., Hirschmüller, S., Stopfer, J. M., Egloff, B. & Schmukle, S. C. (2009). Unraveling the three faces of self-esteem: A new information-processing sociometer perspective. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 933-937. pdf

Back, M. D., Schmukle, S. C. & Egloff, B. (2005). Measuring task-switching ability in the Implicit Association Test. Experimental Psychology, 52, 167-179. pdf

Back, M. D., Schmukle, S. C. & Egloff, B. (2009). Predicting actual behavior from the explicit and implicit self-concept of personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 533-548. pdf

Krause, S., Back, M. D., Egloff, B. & Schmukle, S. C. (2011). Reliability of implicit self-esteem measures revisited. European Journal of Personality, 25, 239-251. pdf

Krause, S., Back, M. D., Egloff, B. & Schmukle, S. C. (2012). A new reliable and valid tool for measuring implicit self-esteem: The response-window affective priming task. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 28, 87-94. pdf

Schmukle, S. C., Back, M. D. & Egloff, B. (2008). Validity of the five-factor model for the implicit self-concept of personality. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 24, 263-272. pdf

Collaborators:
Boris Egloff, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
Sascha Krause, University of Leipzig, Germany
Stefan Schmukle, University of Leipzig, Germany

Funding:
German Research Foundation (DFG; EG 143/2-1 and 2-3; SCHM 1646/2-1 and 2-3)


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Institut für Psychologie - Arbeitseinheit Psychologische Diagnostik und Persönlichkeitspsychologie
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