Institut für Geophysik Geschäftsführender Direktor:
Prof. Dr. Ulrich Hansen

Corrensstraße 24 48149 Münster
Tel.: +49 251 83-33590
Fax: +49 251 83-36100

Turbulent mixing and layer formation in double-diffusive convection: 3D numerical simulations and theory


Erica Rosenblum, Pascale Garaud, Adrienne Traxler, Stephan Stellmach

 Double-diffusive convection, often referred to as semi-convection in astrophysics, occurs in thermally and compositionally stratified systems which are stable according to the Ledoux-criterion but unstable according to the Schwarzchild criterion. This process has been given relatively little attention so far, and its properties remain poorly constrained. In this paper, we present and analyze a set of three-dimensional simulations of this phenomenon in a Cartesian domain under the Boussinesq approximation. We find that in some cases the double-diffusive convection saturates into a state of homogeneous turbulence, but with turbulent fluxes several orders of magnitude smaller than those expected from direct overturning convection. In other cases the system rapidly and spontaneously develops closely-packed thermo-compositional layers, which later successively merge until a single layer is left. We compare the output of our simulations with an existing theory of layer formation in the oceanographic context, and find very good agreement between the model and our results. The thermal and compositional mixing rates increase significantly during layer formation, and increase even further with each merger. We find that the heat flux through the staircase is a simple function of the layer height. We conclude by proposing a new approach to studying transport by double-diffusive convection in astrophysics. 



Astrophysical Journal, 731, 66 (2011)

 


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Institut für Geophysik Geschäftsführender Direktor:
Prof. Dr. Ulrich Hansen

Corrensstraße 24
· 48149 Münster
Tel.: +49 251 83-33590 · Fax: +49 251 83-36100
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